Washoe County, Nevada

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Washoe County, Nevada
County
Washoe County
Washoe County Courthouse.jpg
Washoe County Courthouse
Seal of Washoe County, Nevada
Seal
Map of Nevada highlighting Washoe County
Location in the U.S. state of Nevada
Map of the United States highlighting Nevada
Nevada's location in the U.S.
Founded November 25, 1861
Named for Washoe people
Seat Reno
Largest city Reno
Area
 • Total 6,542 sq mi (16,944 km2)
Population (est.)
 • ( 2015) 446,903
 • Density 67/sq mi (26/km²)
Congressional district 2nd
Time zone Pacific: UTC-8/ -7
Website washoecounty.us

Washoe County is a county in the U.S. state of Nevada. As of the 2010 census, the population was 421,407, [1] making it Nevada's second-most populous county. Its county seat is Reno. [2]

Washoe County is included in the Reno, NV Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History

Washoe County was created on November 25, 1861, as one of the original nine counties of the Nevada Territory. It is named after the Washoe people who originally inhabited the area. It was consolidated with Roop County in 1864. Washoe City was the first county seat in 1861 and was replaced by Reno in 1871.

Washoe County is the setting of the 1965 episode "The Wild West's Biggest Train Holdup" of the syndicated western television series, Death Valley Days. In the story line, deputy Jim Brand ( Charles Bateman) places a locked chain on a Central Pacific Railroad engine until the company agrees to pay its tax assessment. Roy Barcroft played the aging Sheriff Jackson with Pat Priest as his daughter, N Brand. [3]

In 1911, a small group of Bannock under a leader named "Shoshone Mike" killed four ranchers in Washoe County. [4] A posse was formed, and on February 26, 1911, they caught up with the band, and eight of them were killed, along with one member of the posse, Ed Hogle. [5] Three children and a woman who survived the battle were captured. The remains of some of the members of the band were repatriated from the Smithsonian Institution to the Fort Hall Idaho Shoshone-Bannock Tribe in 1994. [6]

In 1918, Washoe County elected the first woman elected to the Nevada Legislature, Sadie Hurst, a Republican. [7]

"For decades Paiute children growing up in northern Nevada were required by the federal government to attend a boarding school in Carson City where they learned English, not Paiute." [8]

As of 2013, "Washoe County is the first school district in the state to offer Paiute classes," offering an elective course in the Paiute language at Spanish Springs High School [8] and North Valleys High School.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 6,542 square miles (16,940 km2), of which 6,302 square miles (16,320 km2) is land and 240 square miles (620 km2) (3.7%) is water. [9] The highest point in Washoe County is Mount Rose at 10,785 ft (3,287 m), while the most topographically prominent peak is Virginia Peak.

There are two incorporated cities within the county, namely Reno and Sparks. In 2010, there was a ballot question asking whether the Reno city government and the Washoe County government should become one combined governmental body. [10] According to unofficial results the day after the election, 54% of voters approved of the ballot measure to consolidate the governments. [11]

The Truckee Meadows of Washoe County starts at the furthest southern runway of Reno Tahoe International Airport, GPS Coordinates 39.468836,-119.770912 and runs south east. Rattle Snake Mountain at Huffaker Park, follows the span of Steamboat Creek to the southern east end of Washoe County. This is the last of the range/prairie and wild grass water shed from the eastern range of the Reno Tahoe basin.

Major highways

Adjacent counties

National protected areas

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 3,091
1880 5,664 83.2%
1890 6,437 13.6%
1900 9,141 42.0%
1910 17,434 90.7%
1920 18,627 6.8%
1930 27,158 45.8%
1940 32,476 19.6%
1950 50,205 54.6%
1960 84,743 68.8%
1970 121,068 42.9%
1980 193,623 59.9%
1990 254,667 31.5%
2000 339,486 33.3%
2010 421,407 24.1%
Est. 2016 453,616 [12] 7.6%
U.S. Decennial Census [13]
1790-1960 [14] 1900-1990 [15]
1990-2000 [16] 2010-2013 [1]

2000 census

As of the census [17] of 2000, there were 339,486 people, 132,084 households, and 83,741 families residing in the county. The population density was 54 people per square mile (21/km²). There were 143,908 housing units at an average density of 23 per square mile (9/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 80.41% White, 2.09% Black or African American, 1.82% Native American, 4.28% Asian, 0.46% Pacific Islander, 7.67% from other races, and 3.28% from two or more races. 16.58% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 132,084 households out of which 31.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.90% were married couples living together, 10.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.60% were non-families. 27.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.09.

In the county, the population was spread out with 24.90% under the age of 18, 9.80% from 18 to 24, 31.00% from 25 to 44, 23.80% from 45 to 64, and 10.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 102.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $45,815, and the median income for a family was $54,283. Males had a median income of $36,226 versus $27,953 for females. The per capita income for the county was $24,277. About 6.70% of families and 10.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.20% of those under age 18 and 6.20% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 421,407 people, 163,445 households, and 102,768 families residing in the county. [18] The population density was 66.9 inhabitants per square mile (25.8/km2). There were 184,841 housing units at an average density of 29.3 per square mile (11.3/km2). [19] The racial makeup of the county was 76.9% white, 5.2% Asian, 2.3% black or African American, 1.7% American Indian, 0.6% Pacific islander, 9.5% from other races, and 3.8% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 22.2% of the population. [18] In terms of ancestry, 16.9% were German, 13.1% were Irish, 11.8% were English, 7.2% were Italian, and 4.7% were American. [20]

Of the 163,445 households, 32.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.6% were married couples living together, 11.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 37.1% were non-families, and 27.2% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.11. The median age was 37.0 years. [18]

The median income for a household in the county was $55,658 and the median income for a family was $67,428. Males had a median income of $46,653 versus $35,559 for females. The per capita income for the county was $29,687. About 8.5% of families and 12.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.0% of those under age 18 and 6.4% of those age 65 or over. [21]

2016

The Demographics of Washoe County covers 6,540.4 square miles. There are approximately 42,154 households in the unincorporated areas with an estimated population of 419,948. The average household size in 2007 was estimated at 2.70. [22] The Truckee Meadows Fire Protection District is charged with fire protection and emergency services.

Politics

Presidential Elections Results [23]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 45.1% 94,758 46.4% 97,379 8.5% 17,772
2012 47.1% 88,453 50.8% 95,409 2.1% 3,993
2008 42.6% 76,880 55.3% 99,671 2.1% 3,863
2004 51.3% 81,545 47.1% 74,841 1.7% 2,693
2000 52.0% 63,640 42.6% 52,097 5.4% 6,564
1996 45.3% 49,477 41.1% 44,915 13.6% 14,874
1992 37.2% 42,636 34.5% 39,500 28.4% 32,535
1988 59.3% 52,654 37.1% 32,902 3.6% 3,172
1984 67.7% 50,418 30.0% 22,321 2.4% 1,772
1980 63.5% 41,276 24.1% 15,621 12.4% 8,059
1976 55.0% 29,264 40.7% 21,687 4.3% 2,276
1972 66.2% 33,539 33.8% 17,106
1968 54.7% 23,492 33.9% 14,560 11.5% 4,936
1964 47.6% 18,350 52.4% 20,170
1960 55.2% 18,833 44.8% 15,280
1956 66.5% 18,865 33.6% 9,525
1952 68.2% 19,044 31.8% 8,888
1948 56.1% 11,323 41.4% 8,365 2.5% 500
1944 51.8% 9,024 48.2% 8,384
1940 46.6% 8,062 53.4% 9,243
1936 31.4% 4,358 68.6% 9,514
1932 34.7% 4,333 65.3% 8,141
1928 59.3% 5,767 40.7% 3,952
1924 45.7% 3,549 21.5% 1,669 32.8% 2,548
1920 61.0% 4,189 34.3% 2,357 4.7% 319
1916 45.4% 3,225 47.1% 3,341 7.5% 532
1912 17.9% 644 40.1% 1,446 42.0% 1,512 [24]
1908 50.0% 2,053 42.5% 1,745 7.5% 307
1904 59.4% 1,517 28.3% 721 12.3% 314

Washoe County was a Republican stronghold throughout the late twentieth century, having only voted for the Democratic candidate once between 1944 and 2004 (in 1964). However, it became somewhat more marginal in the 1990s. It went from a 23-point win for George H. W. Bush in 1988 to only a four-point win for Bush in 1992. From then until 2004, the Republican candidate only once tallied a margin greater than four points. Since 2008, it has been narrowly trending Democratic in presidential elections.

Communities

Ranching in Washoe County

Cities

Census-designated places

Other communities

  • Anderson
  • Antelope Valley
  • Arrowcreek
  • Bartley Ranch
  • Beulah
  • Border Town
  • Bronco
  • Buffalo Ranch
  • Caughlin Ranch
  • Copperfield
  • Damonte Ranch
  • Deep Hole
  • Diessner
  • Dodge
  • Flanigan
  • Franktown
  • Galena
  • Glendale
  • Grand View Terrace
  • Heinz
  • Hidden Valley
  • Hot Springs
  • Huffaker
  • Jumbo
  • Lawton
  • Mayberry-Highland Park
  • McCarran (partly in Storey County)
  • Mira Loma
  • Montreux
  • Mustang
  • New Washoe City
  • North Valleys
  • Northeast Reno
  • Northwest Reno
  • Olinghouse
  • Palomino Valley
  • Panther Valley
  • Patrick
  • Phil
  • Poeville
  • Pleasant Valley
  • Pyramid
  • Raleigh Heights
  • Rancho Haven
  • Red Hawk
  • Red Rock
  • Reederville
  • Saddlehorn
  • Sand Pass
  • Sano
  • Steamboat Springs
  • Upper Pyramid
  • Virginia Foothills
  • Vya
  • Washoe City
  • Washoe Summit
  • Wedekind
  • Winnemucca Ranch

WASHOE COUNTY NEVADA INFORMATION

Washoe ... County ... Nevada ...

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