Washington County, Vermont

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Washington County, Vermont
Montpelier courthouse 6.JPG
Washington County Courthouse
Map of Vermont highlighting Washington County
Location in the U.S. state of Vermont
Map of the United States highlighting Vermont
Vermont's location in the U.S.
Founded 1811
Shire Town Montpelier
Largest city Barre
Area
 • Total 695 sq mi (1,800 km2)
 • Land 687 sq mi (1,779 km2)
 • Water 8.2 sq mi (21 km2), 1.2%
Population (est.)
 • ( 2016) 58,504
 • Density 85.8/sq mi (33/km²)
Congressional district At-large
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/ -4

Washington County is a county located in the U.S. state of Vermont. Named after George Washington, its county seat is the municipality of Montpelier, the state capital, and the largest municipality is Barre. [1] As of the 2010 census, the population was 59,534, [2] making it the third-most populous county in Vermont but the third-least populous capital county in the United States after Hughes County, South Dakota and Franklin County, Kentucky. If Carson City, Nevada and Juneau Borough, Alaska are treated as counties, Washington County is the fifth-least populous capital county.

Washington County comprises the Barre, Vermont micropolitan statistical area.

In 2010, the center of population of Vermont was located in Washington County, in the town of Warren. [3]

History

Washington County is one of several Vermont counties created from land ceded by the state of New York on January 15, 1777 when Vermont declared itself to be a distinct state from New York. [4] [5] [6] The land originally was contested by Massachusetts, New Hampshire, and New Netherland, but it remained undelineated until July 20, 1764 when King George III established the boundary between New Hampshire and New York along the west bank of the Connecticut River, north of Massachusetts and south of the parallel of 45 degrees north latitude. New York assigned the land gained to Albany County. [7] [8] On March 12, 1772 Albany County was partitioned to create Charlotte County, [9] and this situation remained until Vermont's independence from New York and Britain.

Washington County was originally established as Jefferson County in 1810 from parts of Caledonia County, Chittenden County, and Orange County and organized the following year. [10]

In 1814 it was renamed to Washington County. The name change occurred after the Federalists took control of the Vermont Legislature from the Jeffersonians. Vermont which conducted significant trade with British Canada had suffered particularly by passage of the Embargo Act of 1807 during the Jefferson administration. [11]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 695 square miles (1,800 km2), of which 687 square miles (1,780 km2) is land and 8.2 square miles (21 km2) (1.2%) is water. [12]

Major highways

Adjacent counties

National protected area

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1820 14,113
1830 21,378 51.5%
1840 23,506 10.0%
1850 24,654 4.9%
1860 27,612 12.0%
1870 26,520 −4.0%
1880 25,404 −4.2%
1890 29,606 16.5%
1900 36,607 23.6%
1910 41,702 13.9%
1920 38,921 −6.7%
1930 41,733 7.2%
1940 41,546 −0.4%
1950 42,870 3.2%
1960 42,860 0.0%
1970 47,659 11.2%
1980 52,393 9.9%
1990 54,928 4.8%
2000 58,039 5.7%
2010 59,534 2.6%
Est. 2016 58,504 [13] −1.7%
U.S. Decennial Census [14]
1790–1960 [15] 1900–1990 [16]
1990–2000 [17] 2010–2016 [2]

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 59,534 people, 25,027 households, and 15,410 families residing in the county. [18] The population density was 86.6 inhabitants per square mile (33.4/km2). There were 29,941 housing units at an average density of 43.6 per square mile (16.8/km2). [19]

Of the 25,027 households, 28.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.1% were married couples living together, 10.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 38.4% were non-families, and 29.7% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 2.81. The median age was 42.3 years. [18]

The median income for a household in the county was $55,313 and the median income for a family was $66,968. Males had a median income of $45,579 versus $38,052 for females. The per capita income for the county was $28,337. About 5.9% of families and 10.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.8% of those under age 18 and 7.5% of those age 65 or over. [20]

Elections

Presidential Elections Results [21]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 25.7% 7,993 59.8% 18,594 14.5% 4,499
2012 27.6% 8,093 69.4% 20,351 2.9% 863
2008 28.4% 9,129 69.3% 22,324 2.3% 747
2004 36.4% 11,461 61.0% 19,177 2.6% 810
2000 38.5% 11,448 51.4% 15,281 10.2% 3,020
1996 29.9% 7,750 55.1% 14,267 14.9% 3,867
1992 32.1% 9,424 45.9% 13,452 22.0% 6,462
1988 50.4% 13,253 48.3% 12,690 1.3% 351
1984 54.5% 13,706 44.4% 11,163 1.2% 289
1980 42.0% 9,714 41.3% 9,559 16.8% 3,878
1976 53.9% 10,919 43.3% 8,764 2.8% 576
1972 61.6% 12,421 37.7% 7,596 0.8% 152
1968 52.6% 9,387 43.9% 7,826 3.5% 626
1964 32.4% 5,750 67.6% 12,002 0.1% 11
1960 59.5% 10,458 40.5% 7,116 0.0% 4
1956 71.5% 11,351 28.5% 4,520 0.0% 5
1952 72.6% 11,979 27.0% 4,460 0.4% 64
1948 59.9% 7,720 37.6% 4,839 2.5% 324
1944 55.5% 7,162 44.5% 5,749
1940 52.0% 8,426 47.7% 7,727 0.3% 50
1936 50.6% 8,351 49.0% 8,073 0.4% 66
1932 57.7% 8,393 39.7% 5,777 2.5% 370
1928 68.9% 9,891 30.7% 4,408 0.4% 54
1924 74.3% 8,525 15.0% 1,715 10.8% 1,234
1920 75.8% 6,418 23.1% 1,953 1.2% 100
1916 57.1% 4,216 37.0% 2,732 5.9% 434
1912 41.3% 2,797 25.7% 1,743 33.0% 2,239
1908 67.9% 3,823 28.6% 1,610 3.6% 201
1904 72.1% 3,807 23.6% 1,247 4.3% 228
1900 68.9% 3,819 29.3% 1,622 1.8% 99
1896 73.1% 4,476 22.8% 1,396 4.1% 251
1892 60.3% 3,134 37.3% 1,940 2.4% 125
1888 64.7% 3,715 33.0% 1,892 2.4% 135

Communities

Cities

Towns

Villages

Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities


WASHINGTON COUNTY VERMONT INFORMATION

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