U.S. Route 1 in Maine

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U.S. Route 1 marker

U.S. Route 1
Route of US 1 in Maine highlighted in red
Route information
Maintained by MaineDOT
Length: 526.05 mi [1] [2] (846.60 km)
Existed: 1926 – present
Major junctions
South end: US 1 in Portsmouth, NH
 
North end: Route 161 in Clair, NB
Location
Counties: York, Cumberland, Sagadahoc, Lincoln, Knox, Waldo, Hancock, Washington, Aroostook
Highway system
I‑495 US 1A
Route 20 N.E. Route 25

In the U.S. state of Maine, U.S. Route 1 (US 1) is a major north–south state highway serving the eastern part of the state. It parallels the Atlantic Ocean from New Hampshire north through Portland, Brunswick, and Belfast to Calais, and then the St. Croix River and the rest of the Canada–US border via Houlton to Fort Kent. The portion along the ocean, known as the Coastal Route, provides a scenic alternate to Interstate 95.

Route description

Route 1 enters Maine from New Hampshire by bridging the Piscataqua River at Kittery on the Memorial Bridge. However, this bridge was abruptly closed in July 2011 due to structural defects with a new bridge planned to replace it. That new bridge opened in the summer of 2013. Following the sandy southern Maine coast, the highway bridges the Cape Neddick River in Cape Neddick, Josias River and Ogunquit River in Ogunquit, the Webhannet River in Wells, and Merriland River, Mousam River and Kennebunk River in Kennebunk. After bridging the Saco River between Biddeford and Saco the highway bridges the Nonesuch River in Scarborough.

In South Portland, US 1 merges with I-295 at exit 4 and continues north through downtown Portland to Tukey's Bridge, now on I-295, before separating at exit 9. The Charles Loring Highway is part of US 1 in Portland, Maine. Like Loring Air Force Base it is named for Charles J. Loring, Jr..

North of Portland, the highway bridges the Presumpscot River in Falmouth, the Royal River in Yarmouth, and the Cousins River in Freeport before following the Androscoggin River through Brunswick and crossing the Kennebec River on the Sagadahoc Bridge between Bath and Woolwich. The section between Brunswick (at its junction with US 201) and Bath is a four lane freeway, and the route continues as a four lane expressway through most of Bath, then crosses on a two lane viaduct before becoming four lanes again on the bridge over the Kennebec River. It then becomes a three lane road (with center turning lane) through Woolwich and then reverts to two lanes after that as it continues north towards Wiscasset.

The highway bridges the Sheepscot River in Wiscasset, the Damariscotta River in Damariscotta, the Medomak River in Waldoboro, and the Saint George River in Thomaston before reaching Rockland.

In Rockland there is a bypass of downtown (US 1A) which travels along Broadway and Maverick Streets, while US 1 itself has a one way pair with Main Street and Union Street in the downtown Rockland area (Main Street traffic goes north with two lanes, while Union St. traffic is southbound).

The highway follows the coast of Penobscot Bay bridging the Goose River in Rockport, the Ducktrap River in Lincolnville, the Little River in Northport, and the Passagassawakeag River in Belfast before bridging the Penobscot River at Bucksport. The Atlantic coast is less frequently visible as the highway bridges the Orland River in Orland, the Union River in Ellsworth, Sullivan Harbor, the Narraguagus River in Cherryfield, the Harrington River in Harrington, the Pleasant River at Columbia Falls, the Indian River in Addison, and the Chandler River in Jonesboro.

The monument marking the northern terminus in Fort Kent, ME

After bridging the East Machias River and Machias River in Machias the highway turns inland along Passamaquoddy Bay to bridge the Orange River in Whiting, the Dennys River in Dennysville and the Pennamaquan River in Pembroke. The highway then follows the Saint Croix River through Calais and turns inland at Woodland. The interior route bridges Grand Falls Flowage at Princeton, the Meduxnekeag River in Houlton, the North Branch Meduxnekeag River in Monticello, and the Aroostook River in Presque Isle before following the Saint John River upstream from Van Buren to Fort Kent.

From Madawaska to its "northern" terminus at the Clair – Fort Kent Bridge in Fort Kent, US 1 North actually travels geographically south (see 47°18′56″N 68°22′39″W / 47.315552°N 68.37759°W / 47.315552; -68.37759). The route's most northerly geographic point is at its intersection with the Edmundston–Madawaska Bridge in Madawaska, across the Saint John River from Edmundston, New Brunswick, Canada.

History

New England 24.svg

US 1 south of Calais was initially part of the Atlantic Highway, and became Route 1 when the New England road marking system was established in 1922. [3] The northward continuation from Calais was later designated as part of Route 24. In the original plan, Route 24 was to run from Brunswick to Moosehead Lake in Greenville. By 1925, however, Maine had transferred the Route 24 designation to a completely new alignment on the eastern edge of the state, running from Calais to Madawaska at a border crossing with Edmundston, New Brunswick.

The initial 1925 plan for the U.S. Highway system took US 1 along the better-quality inland route (then Route 15) [4] between Bangor and Houlton, and placed US 2 on the coastal route. [5] This changed in the final 1926 plan, when the inland shortcut — now generally followed by Interstate 95 - became part of US 2. [6]

The Waldo-Hancock Bridge opened in 1931, [7] allowing US 1 to bypass Bangor; the old route became US 1A.

The portion between Portland and Brunswick was rebuilt, mainly as a four-lane divided highway, in the 1950s, and later absorbed into I-95 (now I-295). A freeway from Brunswick east to Bath was built in the 1960s.

Major junctions

County Location [1] mi [1] km Destinations Notes
York Kittery 0.00 0.00 US 1 south – Portsmouth Continuation from New Hampshire over the Piscataqua River
0.58 0.93 SR 103 – Eliot, Navy Yard, Kittery Foreside
1.51 2.43
SR 236 to I‑95 south / US 1 Byp. south – Kittery Point, New Hampshire, Massachusetts
Rotary; southern end of southbound concurrency with SR 236
1.70 2.74 SR 236 north – South Berwick, Eliot Northern end of southbound concurrency with SR 236
1.79 2.88
US 1 Byp. south – New Hampshire, Massachusetts
Southbound left exit and northbound left entrance; northern terminus of US 1 Byp.
2.07 3.33 I‑95 / Maine Turnpike – Portland, Augusta, Portsmouth, Boston No entrance from I-95 south; Exit 3 on Maine Turnpike
2.39 3.85 SR 101 north – Eliot Southern terminus of SR 101
York 6.72 10.81 SR 91 west – South Berwick Eastern terminus of SR 91
7.09 11.41 US 1A north – York Village, York Harbor, York Beach Southern terminus of US 1A
7.43 11.96 To I‑95 / Maine Turnpike Exit 7 on Maine Turnpike
10.69 17.20 US 1A south Northern terminus of US 1A
Wells 18.28 29.42 SR 9B west – North Berwick, Berwick Eastern terminus of SR 9B
20.27 32.62 SR 9 west / SR 109 north to I‑95 / Maine Turnpike – Sanford Southern end of concurrency with SR 9; southern terminus of SR 109
22.12 35.60 SR 9 east – Kennebunkport, Kennebunk Northern end of concurrency with SR 9
Kennebunk 25.10 40.39 SR 9A west / SR 99 west – Sanford Southern end of concurrency with SR 9A; eastern terminus of SR 99
25.46 40.97 SR 35 north to I‑95 / Maine Turnpike Southern end of wrong-way concurrency with SR 35
25.50 41.04 SR 9A east / SR 35 south – Kennebunkport Northern end of concurrency with SR 9 / SR 35
Biddeford 31.79 51.16 To I‑95 / Maine Turnpike / SR 111 Biddeford Connector
32.94–
33.01
53.01–
53.12
SR 111 to I‑95 / Maine Turnpike – Biddeford Pool, Alfred Brief concurrency with SR 111
Saco 34.93 56.21 SR 5 north / SR 112 to SR 9 – Bar Mills, Buxton Southern end of wrong-way concurrency with SR 5
35.82 57.65 SR 5 south – Old Orchard Beach Northern end of wrong-way concurrency with SR 5
35.91 57.79 I‑195 to I‑95 / Maine Turnpike No exit to I-195 east; Exit 2 on I-195
38.54 62.02 SR 98 east – Old Orchard Beach Western terminus of SR 98
Cumberland Scarborough 40.64 65.40 SR 9 west (Pine Point Road) – Old Orchard Beach Southern end of concurrency with SR 9
43.73 70.38 SR 207 south – Prouts Neck
SR 114 north – Gorham
Northern terminus of SR 207
Southern terminus of SR 114
44.89 72.24 To Maine Turnpike / I‑95 / I‑295 – Portland Interchange; Scarborough Connector; northbound left exit and southbound entrance
South Portland 46.26 74.45 To I‑95 / I‑295 / Maine Turnpike Maine Turnpike Approach
46.39 74.66 SR 9 east – South Portland Northern end of concurrency with SR 9
47.97 77.20 Veterans Memorial Bridge To US 1A – Portland Waterfront Interchange; northbound exit and southbound entrance
48.40 77.89 I‑295 south – South Portland, Scarborough Southbound exit and northbound entrance; southern end of concurrency with I-295; Exit 4 on I-295 south
South PortlandPortland line 48.56 78.15 Fore River
Portland 49.32 79.37 SR 22 / US 1A (Congress Street) I-295 Exit 5; signed as Exits 5A (east) and 5B (west) southbound
50.21 80.81 SR 100 south (Forest Avenue) I-295 Exit 6A; US 1 removed from Forest Avenue in May 2007
SR 100 north (Forest Avenue) / US 302 west I-295 Exit 6B
50.75 81.67 US 1A (Franklin Street) I-295 Exit 7
51.43 82.77 SR 26 south (Washington Avenue) I-295 Exit 8; southbound signage; southbound exit and northbound entrance; southern end of concurrency with SR 26
51.59 83.03 SR 26 north (Washington Avenue) I-295 Exit 8; northbound signage; northbound exit and southbound entrance; northern end of concurrency with SR 26
51.83 83.41 US 1 south / SR 26 north (Washington Avenue) / Baxter Boulevard I-295 Exit 9; southbound signage; southbound exit and northbound entrance; US 1 removed from Baxter Boulevard in May 2007
51.99 83.67 I‑295 north – Falmouth, Brunswick Northbound exit and southbound entrance; northern end of concurrency with I-295; Exit 9 on I-295 north
PortlandFalmouth line 52.65 84.73 Martin Point Bridge over the Presumpscot River
Falmouth 54.03 86.95 SR 88 north Southern terminus of SR 88
55.22 88.87 Bucknam Road To I‑295
55.54 89.38 I‑495 west ( Falmouth Spur) to I‑95 / Maine Turnpike – Lewiston, Kittery
Cumberland 58.63 94.36 Tuttle Road To SR 88 – Cumberland Center, Cumberland Foreside Grade-separated intersection
Yarmouth 59.78–
59.95
96.21–
96.48
I‑295 – Freeport, Portland Exit 15 on I-295
61.04 98.23 SR 115 Interchange
61.98 99.75 SR 88 south – Falmouth Northern terminus of SR 88
62.07–
62.25
99.89–
100.18
I‑295 – Brunswick, Portland Exit 17 on I-295
Freeport 65.63 105.62 Desert Road To I‑295 – Brunswick, Augusta, Portland Exit 20 on I-295
67.17 108.10 SR 125 north / SR 136 north to I‑295 – Durham
68.70 110.56 I‑295 north Exit 24 on I-295
Brunswick 73.93 118.98 I‑295 – Freeport, Portland, Topsham, Augusta Rotary
75.74 121.89 SR 24 south (Maine Street) / SR 123 south – Harpswell Northbound signage; southern end of limited-access segment
US 201 north / SR 24 north – Topsham Southbound signage
76.42 122.99 SR 196 west to SR 24 / I‑295 – Topsham, Lewiston Eastern terminus of SR 196
78.50 126.33 SR 24 – Cook's Corner, Brunswick Executive Airport, Orr's- Bailey Islands
CumberlandSagadahoc
county line
BrunswickWest Bath line 81.16 130.61 New Meadows River
Sagadahoc West Bath 81.32 130.87 New Meadows Road – West Bath
Bath 82.98 133.54 Congress Avenue / Richardson Street – Bath Richardson street only appears on northbound signage; Bath only appears on southbound signage
83.57 134.49 SR 209 south – Phippsburg Northbound signage; northern terminus of SR 209
84.15 135.43 To SR 209 south – Phippsburg, Bath Southbound signage; access to Visitor Center
BathWoolwich line 84.29 135.65 Sagadahoc Bridge over the Kennebec River
Woolwich 84.64 136.21 SR 127 south – Georgetown, Reid State Park, Arrowsic Southern end of concurrency with SR 127; northern end of limited-access segment
84.93 136.68 SR 127 north Northern end of concurrency with SR 127
Lincoln Wiscasset 90.73 146.02 SR 144 – Westport
94.03 151.33 SR 27 north – Augusta, Gardiner Southern end of wrong-way concurrency with SR 27
94.31 151.78 SR 218
WiscassetEdgecomb line 94.73 152.45 Sheepscot Bridge over the Sheepscot River
Edgecomb 95.92 154.37 SR 27 south – Boothbay, Boothbay Harbor Northern end of wrong-way concurrency with SR 27
Newcastle 101.12 162.74
US 1 Bus. to SR 129 / SR 130 / SR 215 – Pemaquid Point, Pemaquid Beach, Damariscotta, Bristol
Interchange; northbound exit and southbound entrance; southern terminus of US 1 Bus
102.11 164.33 SR 215 – Newcastle, Damariscotta, Damariscotta Mills Interchange; southbound exit and northbound entrance
Damariscotta 104.03 167.42
US 1 Bus. – Bristol, South Bristol, Pemaquid, Pemaquid Point, Pemaquid Beach, Damariscotta
Northern terminus of US 1 Bus
Waldoboro 111.58 179.57 SR 32 – Waldoboro, Bremen, Jefferson
112.42 180.92 SR 220 – Friendship, Washington
113.34 182.40 SR 235 – Union, Hope
Knox Warren 118.01 189.92 SR 90 east – Camden, Rockport Western terminus of SR 90
121.21 195.07 SR 97 (Cushing Road) – Friendship
Thomaston 122.36 196.92 SR 131 north – Union Southern end of wrong-way concurrency with SR 131
124.13 199.77 SR 131 south – St. George Northern end of wrong-way concurrency with SR 131
Rockland 127.15 204.63 US 1A (Broadway) Southern terminus of US 1A
127.60 205.35 SR 73 south Northern terminus of SR 73
128.66 207.06 US 1A / SR 17 (Maverick Street) – Thomaston, Union Northern terminus of US 1A
Rockport 133.83 215.38 SR 90 west – Warren Eastern terminus of SR 90
Camden 135.77 218.50 SR 105 – Hope, Appleton
135.98 218.84 SR 52 – Lincolnville Center
Waldo Lincolnville 141.59 227.87 SR 173 (Beach Road / McKay Road)
Belfast 153.89 247.66 SR 52 – Lincolnville Center
154.30 248.32 SR 3 west – Belfast, Augusta Interchange; southern end of concurrency with SR 3
154.80–
155.11
249.13–
249.63
SR 7 / SR 137 – Belfast, Brooks, Freedom Interchange; southbound exit and northbound entrance via High Street
155.32 249.96 Passagassawakeag River
155.60 250.41 SR 141 – Swanville
Stockton Springs 165.03 265.59 US 1A – Winterport, Bangor Southern terminus of US 1A
Prospect 171.14 275.42 SR 174 – Fort Knox
WaldoHancock
county line
ProspectVerona Island line 171.33 275.73 Penobscot Narrows Bridge over the Penobscot River
Hancock Bucksport 172.71 277.95 SR 15 north – Bucksport, Bangor Southern end of wrong-way concurrency with SR 15
Orland 173.86 279.80 SR 46 – Dedham, East Holden
174.48 280.80 SR 175 – Orland, Castine
177.11 285.03 SR 15 south – Penobscot, Blue Hill, Deer Isle Northern end of wrong-way concurrency with SR 15
181.29 291.76 SR 176 – Surry
Ellsworth 191.65 308.43 SR 172 – Blue Hill, Surry
191.85 308.75 SR 230 (Water Street)
192.13 309.20 US 1A – Bangor Northern terminus of US 1A
193.16 310.86 SR 3 east – Bar Harbor, Acadia National Park Northern end of concurrency with SR 3
194.03 312.26 SR 184 – Lamoine
Hancock 197.86 318.42 SR 182 – Cherryfield
Sullivan 204.32 328.82 SR 200 – Franklin
205.31 330.41 SR 185 – Sorrento
206.90 332.97 SR 183 – Tunk Lake
Gouldsboro 210.35 338.53 SR 186 – Winter Harbor, Birch Harbor
211.60 340.54 SR 195 – Prospect Harbor, Corea
213.51 343.61 SR 186 – Prospect Harbor, Winter Harbor, Birch Harbor
Washington Milbridge 223.81 360.19 US 1A – Calais, Machias, Harrington Southern terminus of US 1A
Cherryfield 228.78 368.19 SR 182 – Franklin, Ellsworth
228.95 368.46 SR 193 – Deblois
Harrington 235.54 379.06 US 1A – Milbridge, Ellsworth Northern terminus of US 1A
Columbia Falls 241.13 388.06 SR 187 – Addison, Jonesport, Beals
Jonesboro 246.97 397.46 SR 187 – Jonesport, Beals Island
250.08 402.46 US 1A – Whitneyville Southern terminus of US 1A
Machias 255.77 411.62 SR 92 – Machiasport
255.92 411.86 SR 192 (Colonial Way) – Wesley
256.34 412.54 US 1A – Whitneyville Northern terminus of US 1A
East Machias 260.15 418.67 SR 191 north – Baring Southern end of wrong-way concurrency with SR 191
260.24 418.82 SR 191 south – Cutler Northern end of wrong-way concurrency with SR 191
Whiting 272.87 439.14 SR 189 – Lubec
Dennysville 282.27 454.27 SR 86 – Dennysville
Pembroke 286.72 461.43 SR 214 – Meddybemps
Perry 293.32 472.05 SR 190 – Pleasant Point, Eastport
Calais 313.82 505.04 SR 9 east – St. Stephen NB, International Bridge Southern end of concurrency with SR 9
316.00 508.55 International Avenue To Route 1 – St. Stephen, St. John
Baring 319.48 514.15 SR 191 – Machias
Baileyville 320.73 516.16 SR 9 west – Bangor Northern end of concurrency with SR 9
Topsfield 350.08 563.40 SR 6 – Lincoln, Vanceboro, St. Croix NB, Springfield
Danforth 370.51 596.28 SR 169 – Prentiss, Springfield
Aroostook Houlton 404.43 650.87 US 2 east – Woodstock NB Southern end of concurrency with US 2
404.50 650.98 US 2A – Bangor
404.79 651.45 US 2 west – Island Falls Northern end of concurrency with US 2
405.54–
405.68
652.65–
652.88
I‑95 – New Brunswick, Canada, Bangor Exit 302 on I-95
Mars Hill 432.00 695.24 US 1A – Fort Fairfield Southern terminus of US 1A
Presque Isle 446.24 718.15 SR 10 – Easton
446.87 719.17 SR 167 – Fort Fairfield
447.73 720.55 SR 163 to SR 167 / SR 227 – Fort Fairfield, Ashland
448.07 721.10 SR 164 – Washburn
Caribou 455.76 733.47 SR 164 to SR 228 – Caribou
458.63 738.09 SR 161 south / SR 161B (Fort Street) – Fort Fairfield Southern end of concurrency with SR 161
459.20 739.01 SR 89 west to SR 164 / SR 228 / SR 161B – Caribou Southern end of concurrency with SR 89
459.67 739.77 SR 161 north – Van Buren Northern end of concurrency with SR 161
459.89 740.12 SR 89 east – Limestone Northern end of concurrency with SR 89
461.34 742.45 SR 161 Grade-separated intersection
Van Buren 481.06 774.19 US 1A – Limestone Northern terminus of US 1A
Frenchville 513.06 825.69 SR 162 – St. Agatha
Fort Kent 524.97 844.86 SR 161 south – Caribou Southern end of concurrency with SR 161
525.48 845.68 SR 11 (Pleasant Street)
525.92 846.39 SR 161 north – Allagash Northern end of concurrency with SR 161
526.05 846.60 Route 161 north – Clair Continuation beyond Fort Kent–Clair Border Crossing on the Clair–Fort Kent Bridge over Saint John River into New Brunswick; northern terminus of US 1
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

U.S. ROUTE 1 IN MAINE INFORMATION

U.s. ... Route ... Maine ...

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