Trustom Pond

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Trustom Pond
Trustom Pond.JPG
Location South Kingstown Washington County, Rhode Island
Coordinates 41°22′17″N 71°34′57″W / 41.3714905°N 71.5825599°W / 41.3714905; -71.5825599
TRUSTOM POND Latitude and Longitude:

41°22′17″N 71°34′57″W / 41.3714905°N 71.5825599°W / 41.3714905; -71.5825599
Type saline
Primary inflows precipitation, groundwater
Catchment area 794 acres (321 ha) [1]
Basin countries United States
Surface area 180 acres (73 ha) [1]
Average depth 1.3 ft (0.40 m) [1]
Surface elevation 0 ft (0 m) [2]
References [1] [2]

Trustom Pond is a closed lagoon in South Kingstown, Washington County, Rhode Island, United States. [3] It is one of nine coastal lagoons (referred to as "salt ponds" by locals) in southern Rhode Island. [4] [5] It has a surface area of 800 acres (320 ha), and is the only undeveloped salt pond in the state. [6] [7] The pond averages 1.3 feet (0.40 m) deep, and has a salinity level of 5 parts per thousand. It is non-tidal, except when breached by storms. [1] The water directly receives about 219,844,022 US gallons (832,200,150 L) of precipitation per year, with an estimated 796,215 US gallons (3,014,000 L) in daily groundwater flow. [8] No streams flow into the pond, though a nearby stream "captures water that otherwise would have flowed to Trustom Pond". [9]

Trustom Pond National Wildlife Refuge is a National Wildlife Refuge, inhabited by over 300 species of birds, 40 species of mammals, and 20 species of reptiles and amphibians. [7] As such, it is a popular bird-watching destination. [10] In 1987, 365 acres (148 ha) of land were donated to the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service; subsequent donations and purchases raised the protected area to 800 acres (320 ha), with current plans for expansion. The wildlife refuge receives approximately 50,000 visitors annually. [7] The Trustom Pond National Wildlife Refuge includes 3 miles (4.8  km) of foot trails, surrounded by fields, shrublands, woodlands and small freshwater ponds. [11] Wildlife managers create breachways to the Block Island Sound, lowering water levels and creating mudflats which become feeding areas for waders. [12]


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