Traill County, North Dakota

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Traill County, North Dakota
Traill County Courthouse.jpg
Map of North Dakota highlighting Traill County
Location in the U.S. state of North Dakota
Map of the United States highlighting North Dakota
North Dakota's location in the U.S.
Founded February 23, 1875 [1]
Seat Hillsboro
Largest city Mayville
Area
 • Total 863 sq mi (2,235 km2)
 • Land 862 sq mi (2,233 km2)
 • Water 0.6 sq mi (2 km2), 0.07%
Population (est.)
 • ( 2016) 8,030
 • Density 9.4/sq mi (4/km²)
Congressional district At-large
Time zone Central: UTC-6/ -5
Website www.co.traill.nd.us

Traill County is a county located in the U.S. state of North Dakota. As of the 2010 census listed the population at 8,121. [2] Its county seat is Hillsboro, [3] and its largest city is Mayville. The county was formed in 1875. [1] [4]

History

Traill County was created in 1875 by the 1874-75 territorial legislature. It was named after Walter John Strickland Traill, an employee of the Hudson's Bay Company and son of Canadian pioneer Catharine Parr Traill. [1]

County headquarters were originally located in a small single-story building in Caledonia. Several replacement courthouses were built during the late 19th century and several votes to move the county seat to Mayville narrowly failed. Efforts to move the county seat to Hillsboro were more successful, and all county records were moved there in 1890. [5] The current Traill County Courthouse started construction in 1905 and is listed in the National Register of Historic Places. [6]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 863 square miles (2,240 km2), of which 862 square miles (2,230 km2) is land and 0.6 square miles (1.6 km2) (0.07%) is water. [7]

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 4,123
1890 10,217 147.8%
1900 13,107 28.3%
1910 12,545 −4.3%
1920 12,210 −2.7%
1930 12,600 3.2%
1940 12,300 −2.4%
1950 11,359 −7.7%
1960 10,583 −6.8%
1970 9,571 −9.6%
1980 9,624 0.6%
1990 8,752 −9.1%
2000 8,477 −3.1%
2010 8,121 −4.2%
Est. 2016 8,030 [8] −1.1%
U.S. Decennial Census [9]
1790-1960 [10] 1900-1990 [11]
1990-2000 [12] 2010-2015 [2]

2000 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 8,121 people, 3,341 households, and 2,231 families residing in the county. The population density was 10 persons per square mile (4/km²). There were 3,708 housing units at an average density of 4 per square mile (2/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.31% White, 0.11% Black or African American, 0.94% Native American, 0.15% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.96% from other races, and 0.52% from two or more races. 2.18% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 58.9% were of Norwegian and 20.6% German ancestry.

There were 3,341 households out of which 30.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.0% were married couples living together, 5.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.2% were non-families. 29.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the county, the population was spread out with 24.8% under the age of 18, 9.7% from 18 to 24, 24.8% from 25 to 44, 21.6% from 45 to 64, and 19.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 100.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.9 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $37,445, and the median income for a family was $45,852. Males had a median income of $30,138 versus $20,583 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,014. About 6.4% of families and 9.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.6% of those under age 18 and 8.1% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 8,121 people, 3,394 households, and 2,150 families residing in the county. [13] The population density was 9.4 inhabitants per square mile (3.6/km2). There were 3,780 housing units at an average density of 4.4 per square mile (1.7/km2). [14] The racial makeup of the county was 96.2% white, 0.8% American Indian, 0.5% black or African American, 0.3% Asian, 1.1% from other races, and 1.2% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 2.6% of the population. [13] In terms of ancestry, 53.2% were Norwegian, 38.1% were German, 5.9% were Irish, and 2.6% were American. [15]

Of the 3,394 households, 27.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.2% were married couples living together, 6.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 36.7% were non-families, and 31.3% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.29 and the average family size was 2.88. The median age was 42.6 years. [13]

The median income for a household in the county was $44,290 and the median income for a family was $60,054. Males had a median income of $39,846 versus $28,378 for females. The per capita income for the county was $23,340. About 4.6% of families and 9.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.9% of those under age 18 and 11.1% of those age 65 or over. [16]

Transportation

Major highways

Airports

The following public-use airports are location in Traill County:

Communities

Sunflower field in Traill County

Cities

Townships

  • Belmont
  • Bingham
  • Blanchard
  • Bloomfield
  • Bohnsack
  • Buxton
  • Caledonia
  • Eldorado
  • Elm River
  • Ervin
  • Galesburg
  • Garfield
  • Greenfield
  • Herberg
  • Hillsboro
  • Kelso
  • Lindaas
  • Mayville
  • Morgan
  • Norman
  • Norway
  • Roseville
  • Stavanger
  • Viking
  • Wold

Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities

Politics

Presidential Elections Results [17]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 57.6% 2,265 31.6% 1,241 10.9% 427
2012 50.9% 1,996 46.2% 1,811 2.9% 114
2008 45.7% 1,845 52.9% 2,136 1.5% 60
2004 59.9% 2,543 38.9% 1,651 1.3% 54
2000 58.2% 2,392 36.8% 1,512 5.1% 208
1996 45.0% 1,820 45.1% 1,822 9.9% 400
1992 44.3% 2,019 36.0% 1,638 19.7% 896
1988 56.2% 2,562 42.6% 1,940 1.3% 57
1984 64.7% 3,037 33.7% 1,580 1.6% 77
1980 60.9% 3,092 28.1% 1,428 11.0% 556
1976 53.3% 2,800 44.8% 2,352 1.9% 99
1972 61.4% 3,118 37.3% 1,892 1.3% 68
1968 57.6% 2,692 37.2% 1,740 5.3% 246
1964 46.9% 2,312 53.0% 2,614 0.1% 3
1960 60.7% 3,218 39.3% 2,084 0.0% 1
1956 61.0% 3,090 38.9% 1,969 0.1% 3
1952 72.1% 3,884 27.5% 1,484 0.4% 23
1948 52.0% 2,328 41.9% 1,874 6.2% 275
1944 48.7% 2,370 50.9% 2,479 0.4% 20
1940 53.5% 2,882 45.9% 2,476 0.6% 32
1936 34.3% 1,807 52.8% 2,780 12.9% 682
1932 37.3% 1,893 61.3% 3,112 1.4% 69
1928 71.4% 3,638 28.4% 1,447 0.3% 13
1924 56.6% 2,596 5.1% 234 38.3% 1,753
1920 86.0% 3,666 12.3% 523 1.7% 74
1916 64.6% 1,423 30.2% 664 5.2% 115
1912 21.1% 365 29.2% 507 49.7% 862
1908 66.0% 1,207 26.8% 490 7.2% 131
1904 83.0% 1,566 9.3% 176 7.7% 145
1900 76.1% 1,537 20.3% 409 3.6% 73

TRAILL COUNTY NORTH DAKOTA INFORMATION

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