Stark County, Ohio

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Stark County, Ohio
Stark County Courthouse (Canton, OH) edit.JPG
Seal of Stark County, Ohio
Seal
Map of Ohio highlighting Stark County
Location in the U.S. state of Ohio
Map of the United States highlighting Ohio
Ohio's location in the U.S.
Founded January 1, 1809
Named for John Stark
Seat Canton
Largest city Canton
Area
 • Total 581 sq mi (1,505 km2)
 • Land 575 sq mi (1,489 km2)
 • Water 5.3 sq mi (14 km2), 0.9%
Population
 • ( 2010) 375,586
 • Density 653/sq mi (252/km²)
Congressional districts 7th, 13th, 16th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/ -4
Website www.starkcountyohio.gov

Stark County is a county located in the U.S. state of Ohio. As of the 2010 census, the population was 375,586. [1] Its county seat is Canton. [2] The county was created in 1808 and organized the next year. [3] It is named for John Stark, an officer in the American Revolutionary War. [4]

Stark County is included in the Canton-Massillon, OH Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Cleveland-Akron-Canton, OH Combined Statistical Area.

History

Stark County was named in honor of American Revolutionary War General John Stark. John Stark (August 28, 1728 – May 8, 1822) was a general who served in the American Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War. He became widely known as the "Hero of Bennington" for his exemplary service at the Battle of Bennington in 1777.

During the early 20th century, Stark County was an important location in the early development of professional football. The rivalry between the Massillon Tigers and Canton Bulldogs helped bring the Ohio League to prominence in the mid-1900s (decade) and again in the late 1910s. The Bulldogs ended up a charter member of the National Football League, where it played for several years. (The role Stark County had in developing the game is part of the reason the Pro Football Hall of Fame is located in Canton.) Two relatively large football stadiums, Fawcett Stadium in Canton and Paul Brown Tiger Stadium in Massillon, are still in use (albeit now mostly for high school football), with Fawcett Stadium hosting the NFL's annual Pro Football Hall of Fame Game each year.

In the later 20th century, Stark County's voting record swung from one party to another, closely tracking the winner of the U.S. Presidential election. Even within the swing state of Ohio, Stark County is regarded as a quintessential bellwether, and thus presidential candidates have typically made multiple visits to the region. Major media outlets typically pay close attention to the election results in the county. The New York Times in particular has covered the county's citizens and their voting concerns in a series of features each election cycle for over a decade.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 581 square miles (1,500 km2), of which 575 square miles (1,490 km2) is land and 5.3 square miles (14 km2) (0.9%) is water. [5]

Adjacent counties

National protected area

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1810 2,734
1820 12,406 353.8%
1830 26,588 114.3%
1840 34,603 30.1%
1850 39,878 15.2%
1860 42,978 7.8%
1870 52,508 22.2%
1880 64,031 21.9%
1890 84,170 31.5%
1900 94,747 12.6%
1910 122,987 29.8%
1920 177,218 44.1%
1930 221,784 25.1%
1940 234,887 5.9%
1950 283,194 20.6%
1960 340,345 20.2%
1970 372,210 9.4%
1980 378,823 1.8%
1990 367,585 −3.0%
2000 378,098 2.9%
2010 375,586 −0.7%
Est. 2016 373,612 [6] −0.5%
U.S. Decennial Census [7]
1790-1960 [8] 1900-1990 [9]
1990-2000 [10] 2010-2013 [1]

2000 census

As of the census [11] of 2000, there were 378,098 people, 148,316 households, and 102,782 families residing in the county. The population density was 656 people per square mile (253/km²). There were 157,024 housing units at an average density of 272 per square mile (105/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 90.28% White, 7.20% Black or African American, 0.24% Native American, 0.54% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.29% from other races, and 1.43% from two or more races. 0.92% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 148,316 households out of which 31.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.20% were married couples living together, 11.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.70% were non-families. 26.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the county, the population was spread out with 24.80% under the age of 18, 8.30% from 18 to 24, 27.80% from 25 to 44, 24.00% from 45 to 64, and 15.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 92.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $39,824, and the median income for a family was $47,747. Males had a median income of $37,065 versus $23,875 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,417. About 6.80% of families and 9.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.90% of those under age 18 and 6.60% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 375,586 people, 151,089 households, and 100,417 families residing in the county. [12] The population density was 652.9 inhabitants per square mile (252.1/km2). There were 165,215 housing units at an average density of 287.2 per square mile (110.9/km2). [13] The racial makeup of the county was 88.7% white, 7.6% black or African American, 0.7% Asian, 0.3% American Indian, 0.5% from other races, and 2.2% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.6% of the population. [12] In terms of ancestry, 33.6% were German, 15.5% were Irish, 10.1% were English, 10.1% were Italian, and 7.7% were American. [14]

Of the 151,089 households, 30.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.2% were married couples living together, 12.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.5% were non-families, and 28.1% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 2.96. The median age was 41.1 years. [12]

The median income for a household in the county was $44,941 and the median income for a family was $55,976. Males had a median income of $44,238 versus $31,896 for females. The per capita income for the county was $24,015. About 9.5% of families and 12.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.5% of those under age 18 and 6.7% of those age 65 or over. [15]

Politics

Presidential Elections Results [16]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 55.9% 98,388 38.7% 68,146 5.5% 9,631
2012 48.7% 88,581 49.2% 89,432 2.1% 3,733
2008 46.1% 86,743 51.6% 96,990 2.3% 4,277
2004 48.9% 92,215 50.6% 95,337 0.5% 907
2000 48.9% 78,153 47.1% 75,308 4.0% 6,383
1996 38.0% 60,212 46.4% 73,437 15.6% 24,697
1992 35.3% 61,863 40.0% 70,064 24.7% 43,165
1988 55.1% 87,087 44.1% 69,639 0.9% 1,370
1984 59.7% 98,434 39.5% 65,157 0.8% 1,325
1980 55.9% 87,769 37.6% 59,005 6.6% 10,332
1976 49.8% 72,607 48.1% 70,012 2.1% 3,090
1972 62.7% 92,110 35.1% 51,565 2.1% 3,135
1968 47.9% 68,414 40.4% 57,675 11.8% 16,799
1964 37.7% 53,632 62.3% 88,704
1960 55.2% 82,881 44.8% 67,205
1956 62.9% 83,667 37.2% 49,445
1952 57.7% 74,929 42.3% 55,031
1948 51.4% 51,482 47.5% 47,533 1.1% 1,135
1944 47.3% 51,506 52.7% 57,393
1940 43.8% 46,384 56.2% 59,496
1936 35.9% 34,693 60.0% 57,931 4.1% 3,988
1932 51.1% 40,672 44.9% 35,757 4.1% 3,225
1928 70.9% 59,564 28.4% 23,840 0.8% 671
1924 64.3% 40,858 19.7% 12,544 16.0% 10,160
1920 62.9% 37,483 30.9% 18,437 6.2% 3,688
1916 45.2% 14,159 48.9% 15,316 5.8% 1,828
1912 22.6% 6,033 37.1% 9,908 40.4% 10,788 [17]
1908 50.5% 14,112 44.0% 12,286 5.6% 1,559
1904 65.5% 15,695 28.9% 6,919 5.7% 1,361
1900 54.1% 13,165 43.8% 10,651 2.1% 509
1896 51.1% 12,111 47.9% 11,339 1.0% 235
1892 44.8% 9,231 49.6% 10,227 5.6% 1,150
1888 47.3% 8,763 49.1% 9,094 3.6% 674
1884 49.6% 8,315 47.5% 7,955 2.9% 487
1880 50.2% 7,264 48.1% 6,965 1.7% 238
1876 48.2% 6,410 50.9% 6,772 1.0% 128
1872 52.3% 5,817 47.2% 5,250 0.5% 55

Stark county used to be Republican, but since 1992 it has become a swing county that tilts Democratic. In 2016 Donald Trump won the county by the largest margin of any presidential candidate since Ronald Reagan in 1984.

Government

Elected officials [18]

  • Commissioners: Janet Weir Creighton, Tom Bernabei, Richard Regula
  • Auditor: Alan Harold
  • Clerk of Courts: Louis P. Giavasis
  • Judges of the Court of Common Pleas: Hon. Kristin Farmer, Hon. John G. Haas, Hon. Taryn L. Heath, Hon. Francis G. Forchione, Hon Chryssa Hartnett
  • Coroner: P.S. Murthy M.D.
  • Engineer: Keith Bennett
  • Family Court: Hon. Rosemarie Hall, Hon Jim D. James, Hon Michael L. Howard
  • Probate Court: Hon. Dixie Park
  • Prosecutor: John D. Ferrero
  • Recorder: Rick Campbell
  • Sheriff: George Maier
  • Treasurer: Alexander Zumbar

Education

Colleges and universities

Community, junior, and technical colleges

  • R. G. Drage Career Technical Center

Public school districts

  • Alliance City School District
  • Canton City School District
  • Canton Local School District
  • Fairless Local School District
  • Jackson Local School District
  • Lake Local School District
  • Louisville City School District
  • Marlington Local School District
  • Massillon City School District
  • Minerva Local School District
  • North Canton City School District
  • Northwest Local School District
  • Osnaburg Local School District
  • Perry Local School District
  • Plain Local School District
  • Sandy Valley Local School District
  • Tuslaw Local School District

High schools

Communities

Map of Stark County, Ohio with municipal and township labels

Cities

Villages

Townships

Census-designated places

Other unincorporated communities


STARK COUNTY OHIO INFORMATION

Stark ... County ... Ohio ...

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