Spotsylvania County, Virginia

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Spotsylvania County, Virginia
Spotsylvania County Courthouse (Built 1839), Spotsylvania Virginia.jpg
Spotsylvania County Courthouse
Seal of Spotsylvania County, Virginia
Seal
Map of Virginia highlighting Spotsylvania County
Location in the U.S. state of Virginia
Map of the United States highlighting Virginia
Virginia's location in the U.S.
Founded 1721
Named for Alexander Spotswood
Seat Spotsylvania Courthouse
Largest community Spotsylvania Courthouse
Area
 • Total 414 sq mi (1,072 km2)
 • Land 401 sq mi (1,039 km2)
 • Water 13 sq mi (34 km2), 3.1%
Population (est.)
 • ( 2016) 132,010
 • Density 315/sq mi (122/km²)
Congressional districts 1st, 7th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/ -4
Website www.spotsylvania.va.us

Spotsylvania County is a county in the U.S. state of Virginia. As of the 2016 estimate, the population was 132,010. [1] Its county seat is Spotsylvania Courthouse. [2] Spotsylvania County is a part of Northern Virginia and the Baltimore–Washington metropolitan area.

History

At the time of European encounter, the inhabitants of the area that became Spotsylvania County were a Siouan-speaking tribe called the Manahoac. [3]

As the colonial population increased, Spotsylvania County was established in 1721 from parts of Essex, King and Queen, and King William counties. The county was named in Latin for Lieutenant Governor of Virginia Alexander Spotswood.

Many battles were fought in this county during the Civil War, including the Battle of Chancellorsville, Battle of the Wilderness, Battle of Fredericksburg, and Battle of Spotsylvania Court House. The war resulted in widespread disruption and opportunity: some 10,000 African-American slaves left area plantations and city households to cross the Rappahannock River, reaching the Union lines and gaining freedom. This exodus is commemorated by historical markers on both sides of the river. [4]

General Stonewall Jackson was shot and mortally wounded by friendly fire in Spotsylvania County during the Battle of Chancellorsville. A group of Confederate soldiers from North Carolina were in the woods and heard General Jackson's party returning from reconnoitering the Union lines. They mistook them for a Federal patrol and fired on them, wounding Jackson in both arms. His left arm was amputated. General Jackson died a few days later from pneumonia at nearby Guinea Station. He and other Confederate wounded were being gathered there for evacuation to hospitals to the south and further away from enemy lines.

Geography

Spotsylvania County is a part of Northern Virginia, which is in turn a part of the Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV Metropolitan Statistical Area. [5] The county has a total area of 414 square miles (1,070 km2), of which 401 square miles (1,040 km2) is land and 13 square miles (34 km2) (3.1%) is water. [6]

It is bounded on the north by the Rappahannock and Rapidan rivers, the independent city of Fredericksburg (all of which were part of the area's early history), and the counties of Stafford and Culpeper; on the south by the North Anna River and its impoundment, Lake Anna, and by the counties of Hanover and Louisa; on the west by Orange County and Culpeper County; and on the east by Caroline County.

Adjacent counties and independent city

National protected area

Major highways

 

Points of interest

Communities

There are no incorporated towns or cities in Spotsylvania County. Unincorporated communities in the county include:

Census-designated places

Other unincorporated communities

Many areas of the county have Fredericksburg addresses.

Governance

County government

Spotsylvania County's highest level of management is that of County Administrator. Mark B. Taylor. He oversees all county departments and agencies and serves as the Spotsylvania County's Board of Supervisors' liaison to state and regional agencies.

Board of Supervisors

Spotsylvania is governed by a Board of Supervisors. The board consists of seven members (one from each district within the county). The Board of Supervisors sets county policies, adopts ordinances, appropriates funds, approves land rezoning and special exceptions to the zoning ordinance, and carries out other responsibilities set forth by the county code. [7]

The following is the current list of supervisors and districts which they represent:

Position Name Affiliation District
  Chairman Tim McLaughlin Independent Chancellor
  Vice Chairman Dr. Paul D. Trampe Independent Salem
  Member David Ross Republican Courtland
  Member Greg Benton Republican Livingston
  Member Gary Skinner Independent Lee's Hill
  Member Chris Yakabouski Republican Battlefield
  Member Greg Cebula Independent Berkeley

State representation

Virginia House of Delegates
Office Name Party District
Delegate Robert D. "Bobby" Orrock Republican Party 54
Delegate Hyland F. "Buddy" Fowler Jr. Republican Party 55
Delegate Peter Farrell Republican Party 56
Delegate Mark Cole Republican Party 88
Virginia State Senate
Office Name Party District
Senator Ryan McDougle Republican Party 4
Senator Bryce Reeves Republican Party 17
Senator Richard Stuart Republican Party 28

Federal representation

Presidential Elections Results [8]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 55.4% 34,623 38.7% 24,207 6.0% 3,719
2012 54.9% 31,844 43.4% 25,165 1.7% 965
2008 52.9% 28,610 46.1% 24,897 1.0% 562
2004 62.8% 28,527 36.6% 16,623 0.7% 295
2000 59.2% 20,739 38.4% 13,455 2.4% 827
1996 52.6% 13,786 39.5% 10,342 7.9% 2,069
1992 49.3% 11,829 33.9% 8,133 16.9% 4,052
1988 66.2% 10,978 33.1% 5,486 0.8% 129
1984 66.7% 8,207 32.6% 4,012 0.6% 78
1980 53.8% 5,385 40.4% 4,039 5.8% 581
1976 42.5% 3,210 55.7% 4,210 1.9% 140
1972 65.7% 3,577 32.6% 1,775 1.7% 90
1968 34.0% 1,675 33.4% 1,647 32.6% 1,604
1964 37.5% 1,261 62.3% 2,097 0.3% 9
1960 46.0% 1,288 53.0% 1,482 1.0% 29
1956 51.9% 1,244 41.5% 993 6.6% 158
1952 49.0% 1,174 49.8% 1,194 1.2% 29
1948 34.2% 517 54.2% 818 11.6% 175
1944 40.3% 504 59.5% 744 0.2% 3
1940 31.6% 365 68.0% 785 0.4% 4
1936 35.0% 453 64.6% 836 0.4% 5
1932 30.2% 346 68.4% 784 1.5% 17
1928 59.8% 654 40.2% 439
1924 34.7% 255 60.9% 448 4.5% 33
1920 45.6% 380 52.8% 440 1.7% 14
1916 38.4% 249 61.3% 398 0.3% 2
1912 9.4% 58 63.2% 390 27.4% 169

Spotsylvania residents are represented by either Dave Brat (R-7th District) or Rob Wittman (R-1st District) in the House of Representatives. The current U.S. Senators from the Commonwealth of Virginia are Mark Warner (D) and Tim Kaine (D).

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1790 11,252
1800 13,002 15.6%
1810 13,296 2.3%
1820 14,254 7.2%
1830 15,134 6.2%
1840 15,161 0.2%
1850 14,911 −1.6%
1860 16,076 7.8%
1870 11,728 −27.0%
1880 14,828 26.4%
1890 14,233 −4.0%
1900 9,239 −35.1%
1910 9,935 7.5%
1920 10,571 6.4%
1930 10,056 −4.9%
1940 9,905 −1.5%
1950 11,920 20.3%
1960 13,819 15.9%
1970 16,424 18.9%
1980 34,435 109.7%
1990 57,403 66.7%
2000 90,395 57.5%
2010 122,397 35.4%
Est. 2016 132,010 [9] 7.9%
U.S. Decennial Census [10]
1790–1960 [11] 1900–1990 [12]
1990–2000 [13] 2010–2012 [1]

As of the census [14] of 2010, there were 122,397 people, 31,308 households, and 24,639 families residing in the county. The population density was 226 people per square mile (87/km²). There were 33,329 housing units at an average density of 83 per square mile (32/km²). The racial makeup of the county was:

7.8% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 31,308 households out of which 42.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.80% were married couples living together, 9.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 21.30% were non-families. 16.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.87 and the average family size was 3.22.

In the county, the population was spread out with 30.00% under the age of 18, 7.30% from 18 to 24, 32.20% from 25 to 44, 22.20% from 45 to 64, and 8.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 97.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.00 males.

The 2014 median income for a household in the county was $79,402, and the median income for a family was $87,922. Males had a median income of $49,166 versus $38,076 for females. The per capita income for the county was $31,567. About 3.90% of families and 5.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.70% of those under age 18 and 5.20% of those age 65 or over. [15]

Infrastructure

Emergency services

Fire and rescue services in Spotsylvania County are provided by a combination of career and volunteer organizations. The career staff of the Department of Fire, Rescue, and Emergency Management provide fire and rescue services from 4:40 am until 6 pm Monday through Friday at stations 1 (Courthouse), 4 (Four Mile Fork), and 8 (Thornburg). Medic 2 (Brokenburg) also uses that schedule. Stations 3 (Partlow), 6 (Salem Church), 7 (Wilderness), 9 (Belmont), 10 (Salem Fields), 11 (Crossroads), and the Engine Company 2 (Brokenburg) are staffed continuously by career personnel. Career staff provide coverage at Fire Station 5 (Chancellor) from 5 am Monday morning until 7 pm Friday night. The volunteer organizations include: Chancellor Volunteer Fire & Rescue, The Spotsylvania Volunteer Fire Department, and The Spotsylvania Volunteer Rescue Squad. [16] Spotsylvania utilizes a P25 Phase II digital communications system for fire, emergency medical, and law enforcement services.

Education

Public schools

Spotsylvania County Public Schools is a public school district serving Spotsylvania County, Virginia. It consists of 17 Elementary, 7 Middle, and 5 High Schools and has a total enrollment of over 24,000 students. [17] The Spotsylvania County School division also has a Career and Technical Center and participates with other local school systems to offer the Commonwealth Governor's School. The district partners with area businesses to develop learning opportunities for the students. [18] Spotsylvania County Public Schools works with the area Parks and Recreation Department to help maintain the area around the Schools (athletic facilities, etc.).

Private schools

Colleges and universities

Germanna Community College is part of the Virginia Community College System and serves the City of Fredericksburg, and the counties of Stafford, Spotsylvania, Orange, Culpeper, and King George.

The University of Mary Washington located in nearby Fredericksburg, Virginia, is a four-year university and graduate school that also serves the area.

Notable people


SPOTSYLVANIA COUNTY VIRGINIA INFORMATION


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