Salinas Pueblo Missions National Monument

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Salinas Pueblo Missions National Monument
Salinas Pueblo Missions National Monument ruins.jpg
Salinas Pueblo ruins
Salinas Pueblo Missions National Monument is located in New Mexico
Salinas Pueblo Missions National Monument
Salinas Pueblo Missions National Monument is located in the US
Salinas Pueblo Missions National Monument
Nearest city Gran Quivira, New Mexico
Coordinates 34°15′35″N 106°5′25″W / 34.25972°N 106.09028°W / 34.25972; -106.09028
SALINAS PUEBLO MISSIONS NATIONAL MONUMENT Latitude and Longitude:

34°15′35″N 106°5′25″W / 34.25972°N 106.09028°W / 34.25972; -106.09028
Area 1,076.9 acres (435.8 ha)
Built 1622-1635
Visitation 32,414 (2016) [2]
Website Salinas Pueblo Missions National Monument
NRHP reference # 66000494 [1]
NMSRCP # 64
Significant dates
Added to NRHP October 15, 1966
Designated NMON November 1, 1909
Designated NMSRCP May 21, 1971

The Salinas Pueblo Missions National Monument is a complex of three Spanish missions located in the U.S. state of New Mexico, near Mountainair. The main park visitor center is in Mountainair. Construction of the missions began in 1622 and was completed in 1635. [3] [4]

History

Once, thriving Native American trade communities of Tiwa and Tompiro language-speaking Puebloans inhabited this remote frontier area of central New Mexico. Early in the 17th century Spanish Franciscans found the area ripe for their missionary efforts. However, by the late 1670s the entire Salinas District, as the Spanish had named it, was depopulated of both Indian and Spaniard. What remains today are austere yet beautiful reminders of this earliest contact between Pueblo Indians and Spanish Colonials: the ruins of three mission churches, at Quarai, Abó, and Gran Quivira and the partially excavated pueblo of Las Humanas or, as it is known today, the Gran Quivira pueblo.

It was first proclaimed Gran Quivira National Monument on November 1, 1909. As with all historic areas administered by the National Park Service, the National Monument was listed on the National Register of Historic Places on October 15, 1966. On December 19, 1980 it was enlarged and two New Mexico State Monuments were absorbed into it on November 2, 1981. It was renamed on October 28, 1988.

Quarai Ruins

The Quarai Ruins are located about 8 miles north of Mountainair, at about 6650 feet (2026 m) above sea level. There is a visitor center and a 0.5 mile (0.8 km) trail through the ruins.

Abó Ruins

Gran Quivira Ruins

The Gran Quivira Ruins are located about 25 miles south of Mountainair, at about 6500 feet (1981 m) above sea level. There is a small visitor center near the parking lot. A 0.5 mile (0.8 km) trail leads through partially excavated pueblo ruins and the ruins of the uncompleted mission church.

Gallery


SALINAS PUEBLO MISSIONS NATIONAL MONUMENT INFORMATION

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