Rowan County, Kentucky

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Rowan County, Kentucky
Rowan County, kentucky courthouse.jpg
Rowan County Arts Center (formerly Rowan County Courthouse) in Morehead
Map of Kentucky highlighting Rowan County
Location in the U.S. state of Kentucky
Map of the United States highlighting Kentucky
Kentucky's location in the U.S.
Founded 1856
Named for John Rowan
Seat Morehead
Largest city Morehead
Area
 • Total 286 sq mi (741 km2)
 • Land 280 sq mi (725 km2)
 • Water 6.5 sq mi (17 km2), 2.3%
Population
 • ( 2010) 23,333
 • Density 83/sq mi (32/km²)
Congressional district 5th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/ -4
Website www.moreheadrowan.org
/rowancounty

Rowan County ( /ˈr.ɪn/) is a county located in the U.S. state of Kentucky. As of the 2010 census, the population was 23,333. [1] Its county seat is Morehead. [2] The county was created in 1856 from parts of Fleming and Morgan counties, and named after John Rowan, who represented Kentucky in the U.S. House and Senate. [3]

With regard to the sale of alcohol, it is classified as a moist county—a county in which alcohol sales are prohibited (a dry county), but containing a "wet" city, in this case Morehead, where package alcohol sales are allowed. [4]

History

The town of Morehead in 1890

It is believed that Rowan County was first explored in 1773 by a party of surveyors from Pennsylvania. The first settlement was established in Farmers, a town 10 miles west of Morehead. Its population rapidly increased due its fertile farming land and proximity to water sources. Additional settlers came to Rowan County from Virginia in the late 18th century after being awarded land grants at the end of the American Revolutionary War. Clearfield was the second settlement established in the county, being colonized by a Virginia aristocrat named Dixon Clack in the early 1800s. It accommodated the first sawmill in the county. [5]

In 1854, Morehead became the third community to be settled in the area. [6] Colonel John Hargis founded the city after purchasing land in the county, naming it after governor James Morehead. [7] Rowan County came into existence in May 1856, seceding from Morgan County and Fleming County. It was divided into four districts with Morehead being declared the county seat. [8] In 1896, a tax was levied on Morehead, sourcing it with the revenue needed to construct hard surface roads. The road system was extended to Farmers by 1920. [5]

In the summer of 2015, Rowan County attracted national attention when County Clerk Kim Davis refused, on grounds of religion, to follow a court order requiring her to issue marriage licenses to same-sex couples. [9]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 286 square miles (740 km2), of which 280 square miles (730 km2) is land and 6.5 square miles (17 km2) (2.3%) is water. [10] Its highest point is "Limestone Knob" at about 1,409 feet (429 m) above mean sea level.

Adjacent counties

National protected area

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 2,282
1870 2,991 31.1%
1880 4,420 47.8%
1890 6,129 38.7%
1900 8,277 35.0%
1910 9,438 14.0%
1920 9,467 0.3%
1930 10,893 15.1%
1940 12,734 16.9%
1950 12,708 −0.2%
1960 12,808 0.8%
1970 17,010 32.8%
1980 19,049 12.0%
1990 20,353 6.8%
2000 22,094 8.6%
2010 23,333 5.6%
Est. 2016 24,451 [11] 4.8%
U.S. Decennial Census [12]
1790–1960 [13] 1900–1990 [14]
1990–2000 [15] 2010–2013 [1]

As of the census [16] of 2010, there were 23,333 people, and 7,956 households residing in the county. The population density was 83.4 per square mile (32.2/km2). There were 10,102 housing units at an average density of 34 per square mile (13/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 96.1% White, 1.5% Black or African American, 0.1% Native American, 0.8% Asian, 0% Pacific Islander, and 1.0% from two or more races. 1.3% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 7,956 households out of which 19.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.40% were married couples living together, 10.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.20% were non-families. 27.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 2.91.

The age distribution was 20.30% under the age of 18, 23.50% from 18 to 24, 25.90% from 25 to 44, 20.00% from 45 to 64, and 10.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. Both the unusually large portion of the population in the 18-to-24 range and the relatively low median age are mainly because of the presence of Morehead State University. For every 100 females there were 94.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $33,081. Males had a median income of $26,777 versus $20,104 for females. The per capita income for the county was $13,888. About 15.90% of families and 21.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.80% of those under age 18 and 16.20% of those age 65 or over.

As of 2014, the county had 14,263 registered voters. [17] Of these, 9,394 were Democrats, 3,929 were Republicans, and 626 listed themselves as members of other parties. [17]

Politics

Rowan County is known as a swing county. It went Republican in 2000, 2012, and 2016, and Democratic in 2004 and 2008, but in most of those elections the winning candidate won by small margins. This changed in 2016 when Republican Donald Trump won the county with nearly 59% of the vote to Democrat Hillary Clinton's 37%, the largest margin of victory since Ronald Reagan won the county in 1984.

Presidential Elections Results [18]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 58.5% 5,174 37.2% 3,295 4.3% 379
2012 52.6% 4,035 44.9% 3,438 2.5% 192
2008 47.9% 3,907 50.0% 4,074 2.1% 173
2004 46.7% 4,063 52.3% 4,556 1.0% 87
2000 49.1% 3,546 48.5% 3,505 2.4% 175
1996 36.6% 2,309 51.0% 3,215 12.4% 780
1992 33.9% 2,469 48.9% 3,558 17.1% 1,247
1988 50.9% 3,093 48.8% 2,968 0.3% 16
1984 57.2% 3,698 42.5% 2,748 0.4% 24
1980 46.1% 2,758 49.7% 2,975 4.2% 254
1976 38.2% 2,244 60.3% 3,541 1.4% 83
1972 59.5% 3,245 39.7% 2,169 0.8% 44
1968 45.2% 2,017 42.6% 1,898 12.2% 544
1964 35.4% 2,824 64.2% 1,554 0.4% 18
1960 51.5% 2,558 48.5% 2,412 0.0% 0
1956 50.9% 2,470 49.0% 2,380 0.1% 7
1952 47.1% 1,985 52.7% 2,220 0.3% 11
1948 41.2% 1,502 57.5% 2,097 1.3% 46
1944 48.1% 1,815 51.5% 1,944 0.4% 15
1940 45.9% 1,944 54.1% 2,294 0.1% 2
1936 45.8% 1,687 54.0% 1,989 0.2% 8
1932 36.1% 1,622 63.3% 2,844 0.5% 24
1928 61.3% 1,857 38.6% 1,170 0.2% 5
1924 53.6% 1,326 44.1% 1,092 2.3% 56
1920 54.9% 1,564 44.4% 1,264 0.7% 19
1916 51.2% 941 47.9% 881 0.9% 17
1912 25.2% 417 44.6% 737 30.2% 499

Media

  • The Morehead News – local paper
  • WMKY – Morehead State University radio
  • W10BM - TV
  • Rowan Review – local online news
  • The Trail Blazer - Morehead State University newspaper

Communities

Cities

Census-designated place

Other unincorporated communities


ROWAN COUNTY KENTUCKY INFORMATION

Rowan ... County ... Kentucky ...

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