Mohave County, Arizona

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Mohave County, Arizona
Kingman courthouse.jpg
Mohave County Courthouse in Kingman
Seal of Mohave County, Arizona
Seal
Map of Arizona highlighting Mohave County
Location in the U.S. state of Arizona
Map of the United States highlighting Arizona
Arizona's location in the U.S.
Founded November 9, 1864
Seat Kingman
Largest city Lake Havasu City
Area
 • Total 13,461 sq mi (34,864 km2)
 • Land 13,311 sq mi (34,475 km2)
 • Water 150 sq mi (388 km2), 1.1%
Population (est.)
 • ( 2016) 205,249
 • Density 15/sq mi (6/km²)
Congressional districts 1st, 4th
Time zone Mountain: UTC-7
Website www.mohavecounty.us

Mohave County is in the northwestern corner of the U.S. state of Arizona. As of the 2010 census, its population was 200,186. [1] The county seat is Kingman, [2] and the largest city is Lake Havasu City.

Mohave County comprises the Lake Havasu City-Kingman, AZ Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Las Vegas- Henderson, NV-AZ Combined Statistical Area.

Mohave County contains parts of Grand Canyon National Park and Lake Mead National Recreation Area and all of the Grand Canyon-Parashant National Monument. The Kaibab, Fort Mojave and Hualapai Indian Reservations also lie within the county.

History

Mohave County was the one of four original Arizona Counties created by the 1st Arizona Territorial Legislature. The county territory was originally defined as being west of longitude 113° 20' and north of the Bill Williams River. [3] Pah-Ute County was created from it in 1865 and was merged back into Mohave County in 1871 when much of its territory was ceded to Nevada in 1866. The county's present boundaries were established in 1881. Mohave County has had five county seats: Mohave City (1864-1867), Hardyville (1867-1873), Cerbat (1873-1877), Mineral Park (1877-1887), and Kingman (1887–Present). [4]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 13,461 square miles (34,860 km2), of which 13,311 square miles (34,480 km2) is land and 150 square miles (390 km2) (1.1%) is water. [5] It is the second-largest county by area in Arizona and the fifth-largest in the contiguous United States.

The county consists of two sections divided by the Grand Canyon, with no direct land communication between them. The northern section, smaller and less populated, forms the western part of the Arizona Strip, bordering Utah and Nevada. The larger southern section, borders Nevada and California across the Colorado River, which forms most of the county's western boundary. The southern section includes Kingman, the county seat, and other cities, as well as part of the Mojave Desert.

Adjacent counties

Mohave County and its adjacent counties form the largest such block of counties outside of Alaska. Their combined land area is 89,567.34 square miles (231,978.3 km2), or larger than that of the state of Idaho. They include the #1 (San Bernardino), #2 (Coconino), #5 (Mohave), and #7 (Lincoln) largest counties outside of Alaska.

National protected areas

There are 18 official wilderness areas in Mohave County that are part of the National Wilderness Preservation System. Most of these are managed by the Bureau of Land Management, but some are integral parts of the preceding protected areas, or have shared jurisdiction with the BLM. Some extend into neighboring counties (as indicated below) All wilderness areas within Grand Canyon-Parashant NM are managed by BLM, although the National Monument shares management with the National Park Service:

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 179
1880 1,190 564.8%
1890 1,444 21.3%
1900 3,426 137.3%
1910 3,773 10.1%
1920 5,259 39.4%
1930 5,572 6.0%
1940 8,591 54.2%
1950 8,510 −0.9%
1960 7,736 −9.1%
1970 25,857 234.2%
1980 55,865 116.1%
1990 93,497 67.4%
2000 155,032 65.8%
2010 200,186 29.1%
Est. 2016 205,249 [6] 2.5%
U.S. Decennial Census [7]
1790–1960 [8] 1900–1990 [9]
1990–2000 [10] 2010–2016 [1]

2000 census

As of the 2000 census, there were 155,032 people, 62,809 households, and 43,401 families residing in the county. The population density was 12 people per square mile (4/km²). There were 80,062 housing units at an average density of 6 per square mile (2/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 90.06% White, 0.54% Black or African American, 2.41% Native American, 0.77% Asian, 0.11% Pacific Islander, 4.00% from other races, and 2.13% from two or more races. 11.08% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 62,809 households out of which 25.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.10% were married couples living together, 9.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.90% were non-families. 24.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 2.87.

In the county, the population was spread out with 23.10% under the age of 18, 6.50% from 18 to 24, 23.20% from 25 to 44, 26.70% from 45 to 64, and 20.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females there were 98.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $31,521, and the median income for a family was $36,311. Males had a median income of $28,505 versus $20,632 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,788. About 9.80% of families and 13.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.40% of those under age 18 and 7.70% of those age 65 or over.

By 2006 Census Bureau estimates placed the population of Mohave County at 193,035. This represented a 24.5% increase in the population since 2000. [11]

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 200,186 people, 82,539 households, and 54,036 families residing in the county. [12] The population density was 15.0 inhabitants per square mile (5.8/km2). There were 110,911 housing units at an average density of 8.3 per square mile (3.2/km2). [13] The racial makeup of the county was 86.9% white, 2.2% American Indian, 1.1% Asian, 0.9% black or African American, 0.2% Pacific islander, 6.0% from other races, and 2.7% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 14.8% of the population. [12] In terms of ancestry, 23.1% were German, 16.2% were Irish, 15.6% were English, 5.7% were Italian, and 4.5% were American. [14]

Of the 82,539 households, 24.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.5% were married couples living together, 10.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 34.5% were non-families, and 26.7% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 2.86. The median age was 47.6 years. [12]

The median income for a household in the county was $39,785 and the median income for a family was $47,530. Males had a median income of $36,222 versus $28,060 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,523. About 11.6% of families and 16.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.7% of those under age 18 and 7.0% of those age 65 or over. [15]

Politics, government and infrastructure

Mohave County, in accordance with its cultural ties with conservative Mormon Utah, is powerfully Republican. No Democratic presidential nominee has carried Mohave County since Lyndon Johnson – ironically against Arizona native Barry Goldwater – did so in 1964, and even Johnson won by only 152 votes. In recent elections it has become common for Democratic nominees to receive less than thirty percent of the county’s vote, and Hillary Clinton in 2016 received less than 22 percent. Since 2008, Mohave has taken over from Graham and Yavapai as the “reddest” county in the state, and in 2016 it stood as such by twenty percentage points.

Mohave County vote
by party in presidential elections
[16] [17]
Year Republican Democratic Others
2016 72.9% 58,282 21.8% 17,455 5.3% 4,206
2012 69.9% 49,168 27.8% 19,533 2.3% 1,627
2008 65.2% 44,333 32.5% 22,092 2.3% 1,570
2004 63.5% 36,794 35.4% 20,503 1.1% 618
2000 55.3% 24,386 39.6% 17,470 5.2% 2,285
1996 43.3% 17,997 40.0% 16,629 16.6% 6,907
1992 33.7% 13,684 32.6% 13,255 33.7% 13,677
1988 62.4% 17,651 36.1% 10,197 1.6% 438
1984 69.3% 17,364 29.7% 7,436 1.1% 272
1980 68.9% 13,809 24.4% 4,900 6.7% 1,345
1976 51.9% 7,601 44.4% 6,504 3.7% 535
1972 68.9% 6,755 26.4% 2,588 4.7% 458
1968 51.6% 3,208 34.0% 2,109 14.4% 895
1964 48.2% 2,091 51.7% 2,243 0.1% 5
1960 55.6% 1,641 44.1% 1,303 0.3% 8
1956 61.0% 1,523 38.8% 968 0.2% 6
1952 62.1% 1,746 37.9% 1,066
1948 43.0% 1,167 55.3% 1,499 1.7% 46
1944 42.6% 974 57.1% 1,303 0.3% 7
1940 37.2% 1,198 62.8% 2,024 0.1% 2
1936 24.1% 609 71.7% 1,814 4.2% 106
1932 23.5% 537 72.7% 1,660 3.8% 86
1928 60.3% 1,127 39.0% 728 0.7% 13
1924 38.0% 738 24.5% 475 37.5% 729
1920 58.0% 996 42.0% 722
1916 28.9% 643 60.0% 1,335 11.1% 248
1912 8.6% 69 39.7% 320 51.7% 417 [a]

The Mohave County Administration Building is located in downtown Kingman at 700 West Beale Street. The old County Complex, which the Administration Building replaced, was located adjacent to the courthouse on Spring Street and 4th Street. The Mohave County Superior Courthouse, built in 1915, is an Art Deco/ Streamline Moderne building on the National Register of Historic Places. The county jail is adjacent to the County Administration Building at 501 S. Highway 66.

Arizona State Prison - Kingman, a privately run prison of the Arizona Department of Corrections, is located in unincorporated Mohave County near Golden Valley and Kingman. [18] [19]

Education

The following school districts and colleges serve Mohave County

Unified school districts

High school districts

Elementary school districts

  • Bullhead City Elementary School District
  • Hackberry School District
  • Mohave Valley Elementary School District
  • Owens-Whitney Elementary School District
  • Topock Elementary School District
  • Valentine Elementary School District
  • Yucca Elementary School District

Colleges

Transportation

Major highways

Airports

The following public use airports are located in Mohave County:

Communities

Cities

Towns

Census designated places

Unincorporated communities

Ghost towns

Indian reservations

County population ranking

The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2010 census of Mohave County. [20] [21]

county seat

Rank City/Town/etc. Population (2010 Census) Municipal type Incorporated
1 Lake Havasu City 52,527 City 1978
2 Bullhead City 39,540 City 1984
3 Kingman 28,068 City 1952
4 Fort Mohave 14,364 CDP
5 New Kingman-Butler 12,134 CDP
6 Golden Valley 8,370 CDP
7 Colorado City 4,821 City 1913 (founded)
8 Mohave Valley 2,616 CDP
9 Desert Hills 2,245 CDP
10 Golden Shores 2,047 CDP
11 Dolan Springs 2,033 CDP
12 Beaver Dam 1,962 CDP
13 Valle Vista 1,659 CDP
14 Scenic 1,643 CDP
15 Centennial Park 1,264 CDP
16 Meadview 1,224 CDP
17 Peach Springs 1,090 CDP
18 Willow Valley 1,062 CDP
19 Arizona Village 946 CDP
20 Walnut Creek 562 CDP
21 So-Hi 477 CDP
22 Cane Beds 448 CDP
23 Lazy Y U 428 CDP
24 Mesquite Creek 416 CDP
25 White Hills 323 CDP
26 Littlefield 308 CDP
27 Crystal Beach 279 CDP
28 Chloride 271 CDP
29 Pinion Pines 186 CDP
30 Clacks Canyon 173 CDP
31 Pine Lake 138 CDP
32 Oatman 135 CDP
33 Truxton 134 CDP
34 Wikieup 133 CDP
t-35 Antares 126 CDP
t-35 Yucca 126 CDP
36 Kaibab (partially in Coconino County) 124 CDP
37 Katherine 103 CDP
38 Moccasin 89 CDP
39 McConnico 70 CDP
40 Hackberry 68 CDP
41 Mojave Ranch Estates 52 CDP
42 Valentine 38 CDP
43 Crozier 14 CDP
44 Topock 10 CDP
45 Grand Canyon West 2 CDP

MOHAVE COUNTY ARIZONA INFORMATION

Mohave ... County ... Arizona ...

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