Mineral, Virginia

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Mineral, Virginia
Town
C&O Depot in Mineral
C&O Depot in Mineral
Location in Virginia
Location in Virginia
Coordinates: 38°0′22″N 77°54′34″W / 38.00611°N 77.90944°W / 38.00611; -77.90944
MINERAL VIRGINIA Latitude and Longitude:

38°0′22″N 77°54′34″W / 38.00611°N 77.90944°W / 38.00611; -77.90944
Country United States
State Virginia
County Louisa
Founded 1890
Government
 •  Mayor Pam Harlowe
Area
 • Total 0.9 sq mi (2.3 km2)
 • Land 0.9 sq mi (2.3 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 459 ft (140 m)
Population ( 2000)
 • Total 424
 • Density 474.7/sq mi (183.3/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) ( UTC-5)
 • Summer ( DST) EDT ( UTC-4)
ZIP code 23117
Area code(s) 540
FIPS code 51-52120 [1]
GNIS feature ID 1495954 [2]
Website http://townofmineral.com/

Mineral is a town in Louisa County, Virginia, United States. The population was 424 at the 2000 census.

History

Mineral was originally known as Tolersville, [3] but adopted its current name when it incorporated in 1902 due to the mining industry that supported the community. It was the center of gold mining activity in Louisa County, and during its heyday, there were fifteen gold mines located within two miles (3 km) of the town. A zinc and lead mine also operated in the area into the 1970s.

Cuckoo, Harris-Poindexter House and Store, and the Mineral Historic District are listed on the National Register of Historic Places. [4]

At 1:51 p.m. on August 23, 2011, a 5.8 magnitude earthquake was centered 5 miles (8 kilometers) south-southwest of Mineral, at a depth of 3.7 miles (6 kilometers). [5] According to Associated Press, it "forced evacuations of all the monuments on the National Mall in Washington and rattled nerves from Florida to Canada". [6] The roof of Mineral's town hall collapsed, and three of the six schools in the county's school system suffered heavy damage. There were no fatalities, and only minor injuries.

Geography

Mineral is located at 38°0′22″N 77°54′34″W / 38.00611°N 77.90944°W / 38.00611; -77.90944 (38.006117, -77.909553). [7]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.9 sq mi (2.3 km²), all land.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 260
1920 408 56.9%
1930 416 2.0%
1940 427 2.6%
1950 414 −3.0%
1960 366 −11.6%
1970 397 8.5%
1980 399 0.5%
1990 471 18.0%
2000 424 −10.0%
2010 467 10.1%
Est. 2016 492 [8] 5.4%
U.S. Decennial Census [9]

At the 2000 census, [1] there were 424 people, 172 households and 115 families residing in the town. The population density was 474.7 per square mile (183.9/km²). There were 196 housing units at an average density of 219.5/sq mi (85.0/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 82.8% White, 9.9% Black, and 7.3% from two or more races.

There were 172 households of which 30.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.5% were married couples living together, 9.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.6% were non-families. 30.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 3.09.

24.3% of the population were under the age of 18, 7.3% from 18 to 24, 27.1% from 25 to 44, 24.1% from 45 to 64, and 17.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 100.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.8 males.

The median household income was $37,500 and the median family income was $49,000. Males had a median income of $34,375 and females $24,063. The per capita income was $19,397. About 4.5% of families and 6.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.2% of those under age 18 and 3.9% of those age 65 or over.


MINERAL VIRGINIA INFORMATION

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