Marion County, Oregon

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Marion County, Oregon
Marion County Courthouse Salem Oregon.JPG
Marion County Courthouse in Salem
Map of Oregon highlighting Marion County
Location in the U.S. state of Oregon
Map of the United States highlighting Oregon
Oregon's location in the U.S.
Founded July 5, 1843
Seat Salem
Largest city Salem
Area
 • Total 1,194 sq mi (3,092 km2)
 • Land 1,184 sq mi (3,067 km2)
 • Water 10 sq mi (26 km2), 0.85%
Population (est.)
 • ( 2016) 336,316
 • Density 267/sq mi (103/km²)
Congressional district 5th
Time zone Pacific: UTC-8/ -7
Website www.co.marion.or.us

Marion County is a county located in the U.S. state of Oregon. The population was 315,335 at the 2010 census, [1] making it the fifth-most populous county in Oregon. The county seat is Salem, [2] the state capital. The county was originally named the Champooick District, after Champoeg (earlier Champooick [3]), a meeting place on the Willamette River. On September 3, 1849, the territorial legislature renamed it in honor of Francis Marion, [4] a Continental Army general from South Carolina who served in the American Revolutionary War.

Marion County is part of the Salem, OR Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Portland- Vancouver-Salem, OR- WA Combined Statistical Area. It is located in the Willamette Valley.

History

Marion County was created by the Provisional Legislature of Oregon on July 5, 1843 as the Champooick District, one of the original four districts of the Oregon Country along with Twality (later Washington), Clackamas, and Yamhill counties. The four districts were redesignated as counties in 1845.

Originally, this political entity stretched southward to the California border and eastward to the Rocky Mountains. With the creation of Wasco, Linn, Polk, and other counties, its area was reduced in size. Marion County's present geographical boundaries were established in 1856.

In 1849, Salem was designated the county seat. The territorial capital was moved from Oregon City to Salem in 1852. The ensuing controversy over the location of the capital was settled in 1864 when Salem was confirmed as the state capital.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,193 square miles (3,090 km2), of which 1,182 square miles (3,060 km2) is land and 10 square miles (26 km2) (0.9%) is water. [5]

Adjacent counties

National protected areas

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 2,749
1860 7,088 157.8%
1870 9,965 40.6%
1880 14,576 46.3%
1890 22,934 57.3%
1900 27,713 20.8%
1910 39,780 43.5%
1920 47,187 18.6%
1930 60,541 28.3%
1940 75,246 24.3%
1950 101,401 34.8%
1960 120,888 19.2%
1970 151,309 25.2%
1980 204,692 35.3%
1990 228,483 11.6%
2000 284,834 24.7%
2010 315,335 10.7%
Est. 2016 336,316 [6] 6.7%
U.S. Decennial Census [7]
1790-1960 [8] 1900-1990 [9]
1990-2000 [10] 2010-2016 [1]

2000 census

As of the census of 2000, [11] there were 284,834 people, 101,641 households, and 70,437 families residing in the county. The population density was 241 people per square mile (93/km²). There were 108,174 housing units at an average density of 91 per square mile (35/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 81.62% White, 0.89% Black or African American, 1.44% Native American, 1.75% Asian, 0.36% Pacific Islander, 10.58% from other races, and 3.35% from two or more races. 17.10% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 18.4% were of German, 9.2% English, 8.2% American and 7.4% Irish ancestry. 80.8% spoke English, 14.8% Spanish and 1.4% Russian as their first language.

There were 101,641 households out of which 34.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.70% were married couples living together, 11.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.70% were non-families. 24.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.70 and the average family size was 3.19.

In the county, the population was spread out with 27.40% under the age of 18, 10.30% from 18 to 24, 28.70% from 25 to 44, 21.20% from 45 to 64, and 12.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 101.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.50 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $40,314, and the median income for a family was $46,202. Males had a median income of $33,841 versus $26,283 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,408. About 9.60% of families and 13.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.10% of those under age 18 and 7.40% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 315,335 people, 112,957 households, and 77,044 families residing in the county. [12] The population density was 266.7 inhabitants per square mile (103.0/km2). There were 120,948 housing units at an average density of 102.3 per square mile (39.5/km2). [13] The racial makeup of the county was 78.2% white, 1.9% Asian, 1.6% American Indian, 1.1% black or African American, 0.7% Pacific islander, 12.6% from other races, and 3.9% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 24.3% of the population. [12] In terms of ancestry, 22.1% were German, 11.4% were English, 11.0% were Irish, and 4.7% were American. [14]

Of the 112,957 households, 35.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.4% were married couples living together, 12.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.8% were non-families, and 25.0% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.70 and the average family size was 3.23. The median age was 35.1 years. [12]

The median income for a household in the county was $46,069 and the median income for a family was $54,661. Males had a median income of $39,239 versus $32,288 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,915. About 11.7% of families and 16.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.8% of those under age 18 and 7.6% of those age 65 or over. [15]

Politics

Presidential Elections Results [16]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 46.3% 63,377 42.2% 57,788 11.5% 15,675
2012 50.0% 60,190 46.8% 56,376 3.2% 3,810
2008 47.4% 59,059 49.6% 61,816 3.0% 3,688
2004 53.9% 69,900 44.5% 57,671 1.6% 2,048
2000 50.7% 57,443 43.6% 49,430 5.7% 6,461
1996 43.2% 46,415 45.3% 48,637 11.6% 12,411
1992 38.2% 42,145 37.3% 41,137 24.5% 27,052
1988 51.2% 45,292 46.6% 41,193 2.3% 2,007
1984 59.8% 54,535 40.0% 36,440 0.3% 234
1980 49.4% 42,191 37.6% 32,134 13.0% 11,124
1976 49.1% 35,497 46.7% 33,781 4.2% 3,053
1972 57.5% 36,441 37.7% 23,908 4.8% 3,012
1968 54.8% 30,417 40.2% 22,327 5.0% 2,758
1964 36.9% 18,897 62.7% 32,091 0.4% 221
1960 58.3% 29,124 41.6% 20,791 0.1% 55
1956 64.2% 28,990 35.8% 16,170 0.0% 0
1952 70.4% 29,887 29.1% 12,337 0.5% 224
1948 57.3% 18,997 39.7% 13,183 3.0% 991
1944 56.6% 16,176 41.6% 11,907 1.8% 518
1940 54.3% 16,940 44.9% 14,031 0.8% 256
1936 33.0% 8,595 59.6% 15,536 7.4% 1,940
1932 39.0% 8,633 56.8% 12,572 4.2% 926
1928 62.0% 11,754 36.9% 6,998 1.2% 219
1924 52.1% 8,351 25.0% 3,996 22.9% 3,669
1920 66.2% 8,798 28.8% 3,831 5.0% 669
1916 55.5% 8,316 38.0% 5,699 6.5% 973
1912 31.2% 2,523 32.0% 2,588 36.8% 2,974 [17]
1908 57.2% 3,788 33.8% 2,239 8.9% 591
1904 70.0% 4,106 18.5% 1,084 11.5% 673

Marion is a historically Republican county that has become more competitive in the last 30 years. Although the Democrats won with pluralities in 1996 and 2008, no Democrat has carried a majority of the county since Lyndon Johnson in 1964.

Economy

Agriculture and food processing are important to the county's economy, as are lumber, manufacturing, and education. Marion County is the leader in agricultural production among all other Oregon counties. [18] Marion County has 10,640 acres (43 km²) planted in orchards. The marionberry was named after the county. Government, however, is the county's main employer and economic base.[ citation needed]

Education

Marion County is the home of Willamette University, Corban University, and Chemeketa Community College. [18]

Communities

Cities

Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities


MARION COUNTY OREGON INFORMATION

Marion ... County ... Oregon ...

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