Madison County, Tennessee

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Madison County, Tennessee
Old Madison County Courthouse, Jackson.JPG
Madison County Courthouse in March 2012
Map of Tennessee highlighting Madison County
Location in the U.S. state of Tennessee
Map of the United States highlighting Tennessee
Tennessee's location in the U.S.
Founded 1821
Named for James Madison [1]
Seat Jackson
Largest city Jackson
Area
 • Total 559 sq mi (1,448 km2)
 • Land 557 sq mi (1,443 km2)
 • Water 1.5 sq mi (4 km2), 0.3%
Population
 • ( 2010) 98,294
 • Density 176/sq mi (68/km²)
Congressional district 8th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/ -5
Website www.co.madison.tn.us

Madison County is a county located in the U.S. state of Tennessee. As of the 2010 census, the population was 98,294. [2] Its county seat is Jackson. [3]

Madison County is included in the Jackson, TN Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History

Madison County was formed in 1821, and named for founding father and president, James Madison. The county was part of lands purchased from the Chickasaw in 1818. [4]

Pinson Mounds, one of the largest Woodland period (c. 1-500CE) mound complexes in the United States, is located in Madison County. It has the second-tallest mound in the United States. [5]

Geography

Madison County TN sign 001.jpg

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 559 square miles (1,450 km2), of which 557 square miles (1,440 km2) is land and 1.5 square miles (3.9 km2) (0.3%) is water. [6]

Adjacent counties

State protected areas

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1830 11,594
1840 16,530 42.6%
1850 21,470 29.9%
1860 21,535 0.3%
1870 23,480 9.0%
1880 30,874 31.5%
1890 30,497 −1.2%
1900 36,333 19.1%
1910 39,357 8.3%
1920 43,824 11.3%
1930 51,059 16.5%
1940 54,115 6.0%
1950 60,128 11.1%
1960 60,655 0.9%
1970 65,727 8.4%
1980 74,546 13.4%
1990 77,982 4.6%
2000 91,837 17.8%
2010 98,294 7.0%
Est. 2016 97,663 [7] −0.6%
U.S. Decennial Census [8]
1790-1960 [9] 1900-1990 [10]
1990-2000 [11] 2010-2014 [2]
Age pyramid Madison County [12]

As of the census [13] of 2000, there were 91,837 people, 35,552 households, and 24,637 families residing in the county. The population density was 165 people per square mile (64/km²). There were 38,205 housing units at an average density of 69 per square mile (26/km²). There were 35,552 households out of which 33.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.80% were married couples living together, 15.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.70% were non-families. 26.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 3.00.

The racial makeup of the county was 65.20% non-Hispanic White or European American, 32.46% non-Hispanic Black or African American, 0.16% Native American, 0.63% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.67% from other races, and 0.86% from two or more races. 1.71% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 35,552 households out of which 33.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.80% were married couples living together, 15.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.70% were non-families. 26.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the county, the population was spread out with 25.80% under the age of 18, 11.00% from 18 to 24, 29.10% from 25 to 44, 21.70% from 45 to 64, and 12.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 92.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $36,982, and the median income for a family was $44,595. Males had a median income of $34,253 versus $23,729 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,389. About 10.80% of families and 14.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.40% of those under age 18 and 11.80% of those age 65 or over.

Government

Presidential Elections Results [14]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 56.0% 21,335 40.5% 15,448 3.5% 1,337
2012 54.0% 21,993 45.1% 18,367 0.8% 342
2008 53.1% 23,290 46.1% 20,209 0.8% 347
2004 56.1% 21,679 43.5% 16,840 0.4% 156
2000 52.6% 17,862 46.5% 15,781 0.9% 287
1996 50.4% 14,908 45.9% 13,577 3.7% 1,080
1992 47.7% 14,869 43.7% 13,629 8.7% 2,698
1988 60.5% 16,952 39.2% 11,001 0.3% 86
1984 59.6% 17,819 40.2% 12,006 0.2% 55
1980 50.3% 13,667 47.8% 12,986 2.0% 534
1976 46.1% 11,364 52.7% 12,989 1.2% 306
1972 72.3% 15,481 24.3% 5,203 3.4% 725
1968 29.1% 6,143 26.2% 5,517 44.7% 9,420
1964 50.8% 10,932 49.2% 10,573
1960 50.1% 8,863 45.7% 8,083 4.2% 747
1956 41.4% 6,642 53.3% 8,540 5.3% 855
1952 45.5% 7,243 54.2% 8,623 0.3% 53
1948 18.7% 1,681 52.5% 4,722 28.8% 2,594
1944 23.9% 1,793 75.9% 5,706 0.2% 18
1940 17.1% 1,271 82.6% 6,154 0.3% 23
1936 16.6% 1,223 82.9% 6,095 0.4% 32
1932 18.6% 1,124 79.8% 4,813 1.5% 92
1928 34.6% 1,894 65.4% 3,574
1924 22.5% 1,110 69.4% 3,422 8.1% 399
1920 33.5% 2,665 66.5% 5,280
1916 30.4% 1,194 67.8% 2,659 1.8% 70
1912 25.1% 1,036 65.4% 2,702 9.6% 396

The county is headed by an elected county mayor (currently Jimmy Harris) and county commission of 25 members elected from 10 districts. [15]

Trivia

This is the Madison County which Kenny Rogers refers to in his song Reuben James. [16]

Communities

Madison County TN county line marker.jpg

Cities

Unincorporated communities


MADISON COUNTY TENNESSEE INFORMATION

Madison ... County ... Tennessee ...

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