Livingston County, Michigan

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Livingston County, Michigan
Livingston County Courthouse Michigan.JPG
Livingston County Courthouse, Howell
Map of Michigan highlighting Livingston County
Location in the U.S. state of Michigan
Map of the United States highlighting Michigan
Michigan's location in the U.S.
Founded 1833, organized in 1836 [1]
Named for Edward Livingston
Seat Howell
Largest city Howell
Area
 • Total 585 sq mi (1,515 km2)
 • Land 565 sq mi (1,463 km2)
 • Water 20 sq mi (52 km2), 3.4%
Population
 • ( 2010) 180,967
 • Density 320/sq mi (124/km²)
Congressional district 8th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/ -4
Website www.livgov.com

Livingston County is a county located in the U.S. state of Michigan. As of the 2010 census, the population was 180,967. [2] It is included in the Detroit- Warren- Dearborn, MI Metropolitan Statistical Area.

The county seat and most populous city is Howell. [3] The county was platted in 1833, but for three years remained a part of Shiawassee and Washtenaw counties. It was formally organized in 1836. As one of Michigan's " Cabinet counties", a group of counties whose names honor members of President Andrew Jackson's Cabinet, it is named after former U.S. Secretary of State Edward Livingston. [1]

Livingston County's location in Southeast Michigan offers its residents relatively convenient access to the major metropolitan centers of Detroit, Lansing, Ann Arbor, and Flint. People from Livingston County commute to all four of these cities, using the three major expressways which pass through the county: I-96, US 23, and M-59.

Although continuing to be composed largely of bedroom communities, the county is experiencing and maintaining significant growth in both the service and industrial economic sectors. Major employers include Pepsico, Citizens Insurance and Ogihara Industries. The Brighton Recreation Area is located in the county.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 585 square miles (1,520 km2), of which 565 square miles (1,460 km2) is land and 20 square miles (52 km2) (3.4%) is water. [4]

Adjacent counties

Major highways

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1840 7,430
1850 13,485 81.5%
1860 16,851 25.0%
1870 19,336 14.7%
1880 22,251 15.1%
1890 20,858 −6.3%
1900 19,664 −5.7%
1910 17,736 −9.8%
1920 17,522 −1.2%
1930 19,274 10.0%
1940 20,863 8.2%
1950 26,725 28.1%
1960 38,233 43.1%
1970 58,967 54.2%
1980 100,289 70.1%
1990 115,645 15.3%
2000 156,951 35.7%
2010 180,967 15.3%
Est. 2016 188,624 [5] 4.2%
U.S. Decennial Census [6]
1790-1960 [7] 1900-1990 [8]
1990-2000 [9] 2010-2013 [2]

As of the census [10] of 2010, there were 180,967 people, 55,384 households, and 43,531 families residing in the county. The population density was 320 people per square mile (107/km²). There were 58,919 housing units at an average density of 104 per square mile (40/km²). 96.7% of the population were White, 0.8% Asian, 0.4% Black or African American, 0.4% Native American, 0.4% of some other race and 1.3% of two or more races. 1.9% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race). 20.8% were of German, 11.2% Irish, 10.6% English, 10.6% Polish, 6.5% American, 5.2% Italian and 5.1% French, French Canadian or Cajun ancestry. 95.9% spoke English and 1.7% Spanish as their first language. [11]

There were 55,384 households out of which 39.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 68.50% were married couples living together, 6.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 21.40% were non-families. 17.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.80 and the average family size was 3.18.

In the county, the population was spread out with 28.80% under the age of 18, 6.60% from 18 to 24, 31.70% from 25 to 44, 24.60% from 45 to 64, and 8.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 102.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.70 males.

With a median household income of $67,400 (2008 estimate - $72,700), and a median family income of $75,284, Livingston county is one of the Highest-income counties in the United States and the highest-income county in Michigan. Males had a median income of $54,358 versus $32,073 for females. The per capita income for the county was $28,069. About 2.40% of families and 3.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.60% of those under age 18 and 4.50% of those age 65 or over.

More than 50% of the population of the county is located in the southeastern communities of Brighton Township, Genoa Township, Hamburg Township, Green Oak Township, the Village of Pinckney, Putnam Township and the city of Brighton.

The US Census Bureau in 2000 identified Brighton, Howell and the nearby city of South Lyon to be a contiguously-urbanized area, one of the newest such areas in the United States.

Media

There are currently two local newspapers, the Livingston County Daily Press & Argus, owned by Gannett Company, and The Community Journal, which is independently owned.

Published Sunday through Friday, the Daily Press & Argus was launched in 2000 through the combination of two weekly newspapers -- The Livingston County Press and The Brighton Argus—which served the communities for many decades.

The Community Journal was launched in February 2010 by Steve Horton and Buddy Moorehouse, two veteran newspaper professionals. It publishes every Tuesday, covering Pinckney, Fowlerville and the Howell areas. It is edited by veteran county journalist Stephenie Koehn. The Journal is published along with the Fowlerville News and Views, which has been published for 25 years by Horton and his wife Dawn. A weekly all-local paper,The Livingston Community News, was launched in May 2003 with offices in downtown Brighton and was closed in July 2009 when "The Ann Arbor News, the newspaper's parent company, ceased publication. Koehn was a former reporter with The Community News.

Other media in the county includes WHMI-FM, a Classic Hits radio station that has local news on the hour, and www.LivingstonTalk.com, a web-based product launched in the fall of 2009 by Moorehouse and fellow veteran journalist Maria Stuart. Moorehouse and Stuart previously worked as editors for a combined 45 years at the Daily Press and Argus.

The Marketeer is a free monthly magazine that is mailed to more than 42,000 in Livingston County. Its content is primarily advertising from local businesses plus articles and information about people and community events. The Marketeer has been published by George Moses Company since 1974.

Government

The county government operates the jail and Sheriff's Department, maintains rural roads, operates the major local courts, keeps files of deeds and mortgages, maintains vital records, administers public health regulations, and participates with the state in the provision of welfare and other social services. The All Republican county board of commissioners controls the budget, but has only limited authority to make laws or ordinances. In Michigan, most local government functions — police and fire, building and zoning, tax assessment, street maintenance, etc. — are the responsibility of individual cities and townships.

Elected officials

(information as of October 2016)

Politics

Presidential Elections Results [12]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 61.7% 65,680 32.3% 34,384 6.0% 6,425
2012 60.9% 60,083 37.7% 37,216 1.4% 1,341
2008 55.6% 55,592 42.4% 42,349 2.0% 1,965
2004 62.8% 58,860 36.3% 33,991 1.0% 891
2000 59.1% 44,637 38.1% 28,780 2.7% 2,058
1996 50.8% 30,598 37.4% 22,517 11.8% 7,127
1992 44.6% 27,539 28.9% 17,851 26.5% 16,345
1988 68.8% 31,331 30.2% 13,749 1.0% 466
1984 74.4% 31,846 25.0% 10,720 0.6% 246
1980 60.2% 25,012 30.4% 12,626 9.5% 3,932
1976 59.8% 19,437 38.2% 12,415 2.0% 634
1972 66.9% 16,856 30.3% 7,634 2.9% 725
1968 51.0% 10,034 35.9% 7,052 13.1% 2,584
1964 40.9% 6,723 59.0% 9,698 0.1% 20
1960 64.7% 10,340 35.1% 5,608 0.2% 39
1956 72.6% 10,315 27.1% 3,845 0.3% 45
1952 75.6% 9,790 23.8% 3,086 0.6% 79
1948 71.0% 7,368 27.1% 2,813 1.9% 198
1944 71.4% 7,417 28.0% 2,910 0.6% 64
1940 68.3% 7,068 31.4% 3,254 0.3% 34
1936 53.5% 5,117 43.1% 4,117 3.4% 329
1932 48.5% 4,534 50.1% 4,684 1.5% 139
1928 72.9% 5,642 26.8% 2,075 0.3% 24
1924 67.4% 4,886 28.1% 2,037 4.5% 329
1920 64.1% 4,639 33.7% 2,437 2.2% 161
1916 50.9% 2,460 47.5% 2,297 1.6% 78
1912 28.5% 1,408 39.7% 1,960 31.9% 1,574
1908 50.8% 2,740 44.8% 2,418 4.3% 234
1904 60.3% 3,288 36.5% 1,988 3.2% 175
1900 49.7% 2,860 47.4% 2,727 2.9% 168
1896 47.7% 2,893 49.4% 2,994 3.0% 179
1892 43.8% 2,447 42.7% 2,385 13.6% 760
1888 45.0% 2,706 47.3% 2,842 7.8% 467
1884 44.7% 2,597 50.6% 2,938 4.7% 272

Livingston County is a stronghold of the Republican Party. In 2008, Republican John McCain received 55,592 votes (55.6% of the county's vote) to 42,349 (42.4%) for Democrat Barack Obama, even as Obama carried the state by a double-digit margin. [13] Democrats last carried the county in 1964.

In 2004, Republican George W. Bush easily won the county, receiving 58,860 votes (62.8%) to 33,991 (36.2%) for Democrat John Kerry. [14]

In 2000, George W. Bush received 44,637 votes (59.1%) to 28,780 (38.1%) for Democrat Al Gore. [15]

In 1996, Republican Bob Dole received 30,598 votes (50.8%) to 22,517 (37.4%) to Democrat Bill Clinton, who carried the state by a double-digit margin. [16]

In 1992, Republican George H.W. Bush received 27,539 votes (44.6%) to Clinton's 17,851 (28.9%), while independent Ross Perot received 15,971 (25.9%). [17]

In 1988, George H.W. Bush received 31,331 votes (68.8%) to 13,749 (30.2%) for Democrat Michael Dukakis. [18]

In 1984, Republican Ronald Reagan received 31,846 votes (74.4%) to 10,720 (25.0%) for Democrat Walter Mondale [19]

Communities

Cities

Villages

Census-designated place

Other unincorporated communities

Townships


LIVINGSTON COUNTY MICHIGAN INFORMATION

Livingston ... County ... Michigan ...

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