Lakehurst, New Jersey

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Lakehurst, New Jersey
Borough
Borough of Lakehurst
Cathedral of the Air
Cathedral of the Air
Motto: "Airship Capital of the World"
Map of Lakehurst in Ocean County. Inset: Location of Ocean County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Map of Lakehurst in Ocean County. Inset: Location of Ocean County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Lakehurst, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Lakehurst, New Jersey
Coordinates: 40°00′47″N 74°19′13″W / 40.013119°N 74.320356°W / 40.013119; -74.320356
LAKEHURST NEW JERSEY Latitude and Longitude:

40°00′47″N 74°19′13″W / 40.013119°N 74.320356°W / 40.013119; -74.320356
[1] [2]
Country   United States
State   New Jersey
County Ocean
Incorporated April 7, 1921
Government [6]
 • Type Borough
 • Body Borough Council
 •  Mayor Harry Robbins ( R, term ends December 31, 2019) [3] [4]
 •  Municipal clerk Bernadette Dugan [5]
Area [1]
 • Total 1.008 sq mi (2.610 km2)
 • Land 0.915 sq mi (2.370 km2)
 • Water 0.093 sq mi (0.240 km2)  9.20%
Area rank 497th of 566 in state
22nd of 33 in county [1]
Elevation [7] 66 ft (20 m)
Population ( 2010 Census) [8] [9] [10] [11]
 • Total 2,654
 • Estimate (2016) [12] 2,692
 • Rank 465th of 566 in state
20th of 33 in county [13]
 • Density 2,900.8/sq mi (1,120.0/km2)
 • Density rank 220th of 566 in state
10th of 33 in county [13]
Time zone Eastern (EST) ( UTC-5)
 • Summer ( DST) Eastern (EDT) ( UTC-4)
ZIP codes 08733, 08759 [14] [15]
Area code(s) 732 [16]
FIPS code 3402937770 [1] [17] [18]
GNIS feature ID 0885270 [1] [19]
Website www.lakehurstnj.org

Lakehurst is a borough in Ocean County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the borough's population was 2,654, [8] [9] [10] [11] reflecting an increase of 132 (+5.2%) from the 2,522 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn declined by 556 (-18.1%) from the 3,078 counted in the 1990 Census. [20]

Lakehurst was incorporated as a borough by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on April 7, 1921, from portions of Manchester Township, based on the results of a referendum held on May 24, 1921. [21] The borough is named for its location near lakes and woods. [22]

History

Union Avenue, about 1910

The community of Lakehurst first reached international fame as a winter resort around the turn of the 20th century, following the opening of the Pine Tree Inn in 1898. In 1911, the rope factory in the town burned down, prompting the formation of a volunteer fire department. [23]

The Hindenburg disaster, occurred on May 6, 1937, the German zeppelin Hindenburg arriving from Frankfurt am Main caught fire at the Lakehurst Naval Air Station, which is located in Manchester Township (not in the borough of Lakehurst).

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough had a total area of 1.008 square miles (2.610 km2), including 0.915 square miles (2.370 km2) of land and 0.093 square miles (0.240 km2) of water (9.20%). [1] [2]

The borough's lake, Lake Horicon, existed prior to 1942, as clearly shown in aerial photographs from 1940 and 1931 and topographical maps from 1912. The cedar water lake remains stream-fed. [24]

Lakehurst is completely surrounded by Manchester Township, [25] making it part of 21 pairs of "doughnut towns" in the state, where one municipality entirely surrounds another. [26]

Climate

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Lakehurst has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps. [27]

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 592
1890 717 21.1%
1930 947
1940 827 −12.7%
1950 1,518 83.6%
1960 2,780 83.1%
1970 2,641 −5.0%
1980 2,908 10.1%
1990 3,078 5.8%
2000 2,522 −18.1%
2010 2,654 5.2%
Est. 2016 2,692 [12] [28] 1.4%
Population sources:
1880-1890 [29] 1930-2000 [30]
1930 [31] 1930-1990 [32]
2000 [33] [34] 2010 [8] [9] [10] [11]

Census 2010

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 2,654 people, 881 households, and 661.6 families residing in the borough. The population density was 2,900.8 per square mile (1,120.0/km2). There were 943 housing units at an average density of 1,030.7 per square mile (398.0/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 77.24% (2,050) White, 10.81% (287) Black or African American, 0.64% (17) Native American, 2.11% (56) Asian, 0.23% (6) Pacific Islander, 3.65% (97) from other races, and 5.31% (141) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 13.07% (347) of the population. [9]

There were 881 households out of which 36.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.7% were married couples living together, 16.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.9% were non-families. 18.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 4.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.01 and the average family size was 3.43. [9]

In the borough, the population was spread out with 28.4% under the age of 18, 10.1% from 18 to 24, 29.4% from 25 to 44, 25.2% from 45 to 64, and 7.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31.9 years. For every 100 females there were 105.4 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and old there were 97.8 males. [9]

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $67,872 (with a margin of error of +/- $8,972) and the median family income was $67,838 (+/- $7,173). Males had a median income of $44,844 (+/- $8,788) versus $34,950 (+/- $7,557) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $27,171 (+/- $4,950). About 2.1% of families and 3.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 0.0% of those under age 18 and 9.4% of those age 65 or over. [35]

Census 2000

As of the 2000 United States Census [17] there were 870 households (662 of which were families of two or more) in the borough making up the total population of 2,522. The population density was 2,733.9 people per square mile (1,058.4/km2). There were 961 housing units at an average density of 1,041.7 per square mile (403.3/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 84.22% White, 7.85% African American, 0.63% Native American, 2.34% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 2.74% from other races, and 2.14% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.97% of the population. [33] [34]

There were 870 households out of which 41.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.5% were married couples living together, 13.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.9% were non-families. 19.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.90 and the average family size was 3.33. [33] [34]

In the borough the population was spread out with 30.6% under the age of 18, 8.0% from 18 to 24, 34.1% from 25 to 44, 19.4% from 45 to 64, and 8.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 106.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.3 males. [33] [34]

The median income for a household in the borough was $43,567, and the median income for a family was $48,833. Males had a median income of $35,403 versus $26,667 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $18,390. About 4.4% of families and 7.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.6% of those under age 18 and 2.5% of those age 65 or over. [33] [34]

Government

Local government

Lakehurst is governed under the Borough form of New Jersey municipal government. The governing body consists of a Mayor and a Borough Council comprising six council members, with all positions elected at-large on a partisan basis as part of the November general election. A Mayor is elected directly by the voters to a four-year term of office. The Borough Council consists of six members elected to serve three-year terms on a staggered basis, with two seats coming up for election each year in a three-year cycle. [6] The Borough form of government used by Lakehurst, the most common system used in the state, is a " weak mayor / strong council" government in which council members act as the legislative body with the mayor presiding at meetings and voting only in the event of a tie. The mayor can veto ordinances subject to an override by a two-thirds majority vote of the council. The mayor makes committee and liaison assignments for council members, and most appointments are made by the mayor with the advice and consent of the council. [36] [37]

As of 2016, the Mayor of Lakehurst Borough is Republican Harry Robbins, whose term of office ends December 31, 2019. Members of the Lakehurst Borough Council are Council President Steven Oglesby (R, 2019), Robin Busch (R, 2017), Stephen F. Childers (R, 2019), James W. Davis Jr. (R, 2018), Patricia A. Hodges (R, 2017) and Gary L. Lowe (R, 2018). [3] [38] [39] [40] [41] [42] [43]

In August 2015, the Borough Council selected former mayor Stephen F. Childers to fill the unexpired term ending in December 2016 of Glenn McComas, who had resigned from office the previous month as he was moving out of the borough. [44]

Federal, state and county representation

Lakehurst is located in the 4th Congressional District [45] and is part of New Jersey's 10th state legislative district. [10] [46] [47] Prior to the 2011 reapportionment following the 2010 Census, Lakehurst had been in the 9th state legislative district. [48]

New Jersey's Fourth Congressional District is represented by Christopher Smith ( R). [49] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Democrats Cory Booker ( Newark, term ends 2021) [50] and Bob Menendez ( Paramus, 2019). [51] [52]

For the 2016–2017 session ( Senate, General Assembly), the 10th Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by James W. Holzapfel ( R, Toms River Township) and in the General Assembly by Gregory P. McGuckin (R, Toms River Township) and David W. Wolfe (R, Brick Township). [53] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie ( R, Mendham Township). [54] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach). [55]

Ocean County is governed by a Board of Chosen Freeholders consisting of five members, elected on an at-large basis in partisan elections and serving staggered three-year terms of office, with either one or two seats coming up for election each year as part of the November general election. [56] At an annual reorganization held in the beginning of January, the board chooses a Director and a Deputy Director from among its members. As of 2015, Ocean County's Freeholders (with party affiliation, term-end year, residence and department directorship listed in parentheses) are Freeholder Director John C. Bartlett, Jr. ( R, term ends December 31, 2015, Pine Beach; Finance, Parks and Recreation), [57] Freeholder Deputy Director Gerry P. Little (R, 2015, Surf City; Human Services), [58] John P. Kelly (R, 2016, Eagleswood Township; Law and Public Safety), [59] James F. Lacey (R, 2016, Brick Township; Transportation) [60] and Joseph H. Vicari (R, 2017, Toms River; Senior Services and County Operations). [61] [62] [63] Constitutional officers elected on a countywide basis are County Clerk Scott M. Colabella (R, 2015, Barnegat Light), [64] [65] Sheriff Michael Mastronardy (R, 2016; Toms River) [66] and Surrogate Jeffrey Moran (R, 2018, Beachwood). [67] [68]

Politics

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 1,373 registered voters in Lakehurst, of which 254 (18.5%) were registered as Democrats, 295 (21.5%) were registered as Republicans and 823 (59.9%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There was one voter registered to another party. [69] Among the borough's 2010 Census population, 51.7% (vs. 63.2% in Ocean County) were registered to vote, including 72.2% of those ages 18 and over (vs. 82.6% countywide). [69] [70]

In the 2012 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 50.8% of the vote (438 cast), ahead of Republican Mitt Romney with 48.5% (418 votes), and other candidates with 0.7% (6 votes), among the 872 ballots cast by the borough's 1,480 registered voters (10 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 58.9%. [71] [72] In the 2008 presidential election, Republican John McCain received 49.5% of the vote (459 cast), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 47.7% (443 votes) and other candidates with 1.7% (16 votes), among the 928 ballots cast by the borough's 1,521 registered voters, for a turnout of 61.0%. [73] In the 2004 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush received 58.8% of the vote (518 ballots cast), outpolling Democrat John Kerry with 39.8% (351 votes) and other candidates with 0.8% (12 votes), among the 881 ballots cast by the borough's 1,427 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 61.7. [74]

In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 73.4% of the vote (398 cast), ahead of Democrat Barbara Buono with 25.1% (136 votes), and other candidates with 1.5% (8 votes), among the 555 ballots cast by the borough's 1,461 registered voters (13 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 38.0%. [75] [76] In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 65.0% of the vote (371 ballots cast), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 25.4% (145 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 7.4% (42 votes) and other candidates with 1.1% (6 votes), among the 571 ballots cast by the borough's 1,469 registered voters, yielding a 38.9% turnout. [77]

Education

The Lakehurst School District serves students in public school for pre-kindergarten through eighth grade at Lakehurst Elementary School. As of the 2014-15 school year, the district and its one school had an enrollment of 525 students and 33.8 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 15.5:1. [78]

Public school students from Lakehurst in ninth through twelfth grades attend Manchester Township High School in Manchester Township, as part of a sending/receiving relationship with the Manchester Township School District. [79] [80] As of the 2014-15 school year, the high school had an enrollment of 997 students and 88.3 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 11.3:1. [81]

The Lakehurst district decided in 2012 against a proposal that would have had borough students attend Jackson Liberty High School as part of a sending / receiving relationship with the Jackson School District. The change in the sending relationship had been considered as a means of reducing the costs associated with paying $14,000 for each of the 150 students attending Manchester High School, as opposed to the $11,300 that would have been paid at Jackson, yielding annual savings of $400,000, less the added cost of transporting students to and from Jackson. [82]

Transportation

Looking east along Route 70

Roads and highways

As of May 2010, the borough had a total of 13.55 miles (21.81 km) of roadways, of which 7.72 miles (12.42 km) were maintained by the municipality, 3.95 miles (6.36 km) by Ocean County and 1.88 miles (3.03 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation. [83]

New Jersey Route 70 is the main highway through the borough, which lies at the western end of New Jersey Route 37. County Route 547 connects from the North after paralleling the eastern edge of the Lakehurst Maxfield Field portion of Joint Base McGuire-Dix-Lakehurst.

Public transportation

Ocean Ride local service is provided on the OC1A Whiting Express and the OC2 Manchester routes. [84] [85] [86]

Lakehurst is located on the former Central Railroad of New Jersey Southern Division Main Line. The Barnegat Branch formerly extended from Lakehurst through Toms River and Beachwood down to Barnegat.

Lakehurst is being considered as the southern terminus of the planned NJ Transit Monmouth-Ocean-Middlesex Line, which would closely follow the CNJ line. [87]

Media

The Asbury Park Press provides daily news coverage of the community as does WOBM-FM radio. The government of the borough provides columns and commentary to The Manchester Times, which is one of seven weekly papers from Micromedia Publications; founded in 1995, the company is headquartered on Union Avenue in the borough. [88]

Notable people

People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Lakehurst include:


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