Hartford, Vermont

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Hartford, Vermont
Town
Location in Windsor County and the state of Vermont.
Location in Windsor County and the state of Vermont.
Hartford, Vermont is located in the US
Hartford, Vermont
Hartford, Vermont
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 43°39′54″N 72°22′18″W / 43.66500°N 72.37167°W / 43.66500; -72.37167
HARTFORD VERMONT Latitude and Longitude:

43°39′54″N 72°22′18″W / 43.66500°N 72.37167°W / 43.66500; -72.37167
Country United States
State Vermont
County Windsor
Chartered 1761 [1]
Area
 • Total 45.9 sq mi (118.9 km2)
 • Land 45.0 sq mi (116.5 km2)
 • Water 0.9 sq mi (2.3 km2)
Elevation 761 ft (232 m)
Population ( 2010)
 • Total 9,952
 • Density 220/sq mi (84/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) ( UTC-5)
 • Summer ( DST) EDT ( UTC-4)
ZIP code 05047
Area code(s) 802
FIPS code 50-32275 [2]
GNIS feature ID 1462116 [3]
Website www.hartford-vt.org

Hartford is a New England town in Windsor County in the state of Vermont, in the United States. It is located on the New Hampshire border, at the intersection of Interstates 89 and 91. It is the site of the confluence of the White River and the Connecticut River; the Ottauquechee River also flows through the town. [4] The town is composed of five unincorporated villages: Hartford, Quechee, West Hartford, White River Junction and Wilder. The population was 9,952 at the 2010 census. [5]

History

The community was chartered by Governor Benning Wentworth of New Hampshire in 1761, [1] and is named for Hartford, Connecticut. [6] [7]

Geography

The town of Hartford is located at 43°39′52″N 72°23′12″W / 43.66444°N 72.38667°W / 43.66444; -72.38667 (43.66444, -72.38667). [8]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 45.9 square miles (118.9 km2), of which 45.0 square miles (116.5 km2) is land and 0.89 square miles (2.3 km2), or 1.93%, is water. [9]

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1790 988
1800 1,494 51.2%
1810 1,881 25.9%
1820 2,010 6.9%
1830 2,044 1.7%
1840 2,194 7.3%
1850 2,159 −1.6%
1860 2,396 11.0%
1870 2,480 3.5%
1880 2,954 19.1%
1890 3,740 26.6%
1900 3,817 2.1%
1910 4,197 10.0%
1920 4,739 12.9%
1930 4,888 3.1%
1940 4,978 1.8%
1950 5,827 17.1%
1960 6,355 9.1%
1970 6,477 1.9%
1980 7,963 22.9%
1990 9,404 18.1%
2000 10,367 10.2%
2010 9,952 −4.0%
Est. 2014 9,829 [10] −1.2%
U.S. Decennial Census [11]

As of the census [2] of 2000, there were 10,367 people, 4,509 households, and 2,800 families residing in the town. The population density was 229.6 people per square mile (88.7/km2). There were 5,493 housing units at an average density of 121.7 per square mile (47.0/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 97.02% White, 0.55% African American, 0.31% Native American, 0.88% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.16% from other races, and 1.05% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.85% of the population.

There were 4,509 households out of which 28.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.8% were married couples living together, 10.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.9% were non-families. 30.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 2.86.

In the town, the population was spread out with 23.4% under the age of 18, 5.9% from 18 to 24, 29.3% from 25 to 44, 26.7% from 45 to 64, and 14.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 89.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.9 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $42,990, and the median income for a family was $51,286. Males had a median income of $35,969 versus $27,073 for females. The per capita income for the town was $22,792. About 5.3% of families and 8.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.8% of those under age 18 and 4.9% of those age 65 or over.

Notable people


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