Greater Pittston

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Greater Pittston
Region
Aerial view of Greater Pittston. Pittston City can be seen on the right (along the Susquehanna River).
Aerial view of Greater Pittston. Pittston City can be seen on the right (along the Susquehanna River).
Greater Pittston is located in Pennsylvania
Greater Pittston
Greater Pittston
Coordinates: 41°19′26″N 75°47′20″W / 41.32389°N 75.78889°W / 41.32389; -75.78889
GREATER PITTSTON Latitude and Longitude:

41°19′26″N 75°47′20″W / 41.32389°N 75.78889°W / 41.32389; -75.78889
Country United States
State Pennsylvania
County Luzerne
Principal city Pittston
Settled around 1770
Government
 • Type Each municipality ( city, borough, and township) has its own form of government.
Area
 • Total 65.35 sq mi (169.25 km2)
Population (2010)
 • Total 48,020
Time zone Eastern (EST) ( UTC-5)
 • Summer ( DST) EDT ( UTC-4)
Area code(s) 570

Greater Pittston is a 65.35 sq mi (169.25 km²) region in Luzerne County, Pennsylvania, in reference to the area in and around Pittston. As of 2010, the total population of Greater Pittston is 48,020. This region includes Avoca, Dupont, Duryea, Exeter Boro, Exeter Township, Hughestown, Jenkins Township, Laflin, Pittston Township, West Pittston, West Wyoming, Wyoming and Yatesville.

History

The Battle of Wyoming in 1778
Pittston as depicted on an 1892 panoramic map
Hundreds gather at the site of the Twin Shaft Disaster immediately after the cave-in (1896).
Child laborers at a Pittston coal mine (in 1911). The photo was taken by Lewis Hine.
Map of Knox Mine disaster showing inundated area and shafts used for escape and dewatering.
  • 1770s: English men, women, and children ( European-Americans) started to settle in the Wyoming Valley of Northeastern Pennsylvania.
  • 1 July 1778: During the Revolutionary War, Fort Jenkins (a patriot stockade in present-day West Pittston) was surrendered to the British (under Major John Butler). It was later burned to the ground. In 1928, a bridge connecting West Pittston and Pittston City was constructed and named in its honor.
  • 3 July 1778: A force of British soldiers, led by John Butler, with the assistance of about 700 Indians, attacked and killed nearly 300 Wyoming Valley settlers. Today in the Borough of Wyoming, a monument marks the gravesite of the victims from the Battle of Wyoming.
  • 4 July 1778: Fort Pittston (located in what is now Pittston City) surrendered to the British and some of it was partially destroyed. It was later restored and used until the end of the Revolutionary War.
  • September 1778: Revenge for the Wyoming defeat was taken by American Colonel Thomas Hartley who, with 200 soldiers, burned nine to twelve Seneca, Delaware and Mingo villages along the Susquehanna River in northeast Pennsylvania, including Tioga and Chemung.
  • 1833: The Wyoming Monument was constructed in Wyoming to commemorate the 1778 battle and the gravesite of the victims from the massacre.
  • 28 June 1896: The Newton Coal Company's Twin Shaft Mine in Pittston City caved-in and killed 58 miners. [1] [2]
  • 1908 – 1912: The anthracite coal mining industry, and its extensive use of child labor in the early part of the 20th century, was one of the industries targeted by the National Child Labor Committee and its hired photographer, Lewis Hine. Many of Hine's subjects were photographed in the mines and coal fields in and around Pittston during this time. The impact of the Hine photographs led to the enactment of child labor laws across the country.
  • 1930s – 1980s: Pittston City emerged as a national center for clothing manufacturing. Thousands of workers, mainly women, labored in many factories throughout the Greater Pittston area. One such woman was Susan Sebastianelli of Pittston Township. Most were members of the International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union (ILGWU) that gained higher wages, workplace health & safety improvements, and employee rights. The ILGWU was active in civic and political life throughout Pennsylvania.
  • 1934: The right arm of Hughestown resident, Harry Tompkins, was crushed by an Erie Railroad train. This resulted in the U.S. Supreme Court case, Erie Railroad Co. v. Tompkins, which laid the foundation for a large part of modern American civil procedure.
  • 1945 – 1947: Construction of the Wilkes-Barre/Scranton International Airport took place near the Borough of Avoca.
  • 22 January 1959: The Knox Mine Disaster in Port Griffith, Jenkins Township, claimed the lives of 12 people and essentially shut down the mining industry in Northeastern Pennsylvania.
  • June 1972: Hurricane Agnes was responsible for massive flooding in and around the Greater Pittston area.
  • 1974 – 1989: Alleged ghost hauntings took place in the home of Jack and Janet Smurl in West Pittston, inspiring the 1991 film The Haunted.
  • 25 September 1982: George Banks kills 13 people in a shooting rampage in Wilkes-Barre and Jenkins Township.
  • 1992: The opening scenes from the movie School Ties was filmed in West Pittston; it shows David Green, the hero of the movie (played by Brendan Fraser), hanging out with friends in the streets of the tiny town.
  • 15 March 1993: Two Pittston firefighters (John Lombardo and Len Insalaco) were killed while fighting a blaze in the city's downtown. A monument was built and the nearby Water Street Bridge was renamed to commemorate their sacrifice.
  • 2008: The " kids for cash scandal" unfolded over judicial kickbacks at the Luzerne County Court of Common Pleas in Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania. Two judges, President Judge Mark Ciavarella and Senior Judge Michael Conahan, were convicted of accepting money from Robert Mericle, builder of two private, for-profit youth centers for the detention of juveniles. One center was PA Child Care (in Pittston Township).
  • 2011: The Borough of Duryea received national attention for its role in the landmark Supreme Court case Borough of Duryea v. Guarnieri, in which the court stated that "a government employer's allegedly retaliatory actions against an employee do not give rise to liability under the Petition Clause unless the employee's petition relates to a matter of public concern."
  • September 2011: The Greater Pittston area, along with the rest of Luzerne County, witnessed historical flooding from Tropical Storm Lee. The Susquehanna River reached a record high of 42.6 feet (13 meters) in Wilkes-Barre. The river topped the 40.9-foot (12.5 meters) level in flooding caused by Hurricane Agnes in 1972. [3] [4] [5]

Establishment

Name of community Date incorporated
(declaration of a municipal charter)
Exeter Township 1783
Pittston Township 1790
Jenkins Township 1852
Pittston Borough/City 1853-Borough; 1894-City
West Pittston Borough 1857
Avoca Borough 1871
Yatesville Borough 1878
Hughestown Borough 1879
Exeter Borough 1884
Wyoming Borough 1885
Laflin Borough 1889
Duryea Borough 1891
West Wyoming Borough 1898
Dupont Borough 1917

Geography

A map of Luzerne County. Greater Pittston, which makes up the northeastern portion of the county, is outlined in yellow.
A topographic map of Luzerne County. Greater Pittston makes up the northeastern section of the county.

Greater Pittston is a 65.35 sq mi (169.25 km²) region in Luzerne County, Pennsylvania, encompassing the Susquehanna River. Jenkins Township is the largest municipality with a total area of 13.98 sq mi (36.20 km²). Yatesville is the smallest community in Greater Pittston. It covers a total area of only 0.62 sq mi (1.60 km²).

Ranking by area

The ranking of the following table is based on the area (or square mileage) of each community within the Greater Pittston region.

principal city

Rank City/Town/etc. Municipal type Total Square Miles (km²)
1 Jenkins Township Township 13.98 sq mi (36.20 km²)
2 Pittston Township Township 13.79 sq mi (35.71 km²)
3 Exeter Township Township 13.5 sq mi (34.9 km²)
4 Duryea Borough 5.75 sq mi (14.90 km²)
5 Exeter Borough 4.98 sq mi (12.90 km²)
6 West Wyoming Borough 3.6 sq mi (9.4 km²)
7 Pittston City 1.7 sq mi (4 km²)
8 Wyoming Borough 1.6 sq mi (4.1 km²)
9 Dupont Borough 1.5 sq mi (3.9 km²)
10 Laflin Borough 1.35 sq mi (3.50 km²)
11 Avoca Borough 1.08 sq mi (2.8 km²)
12 West Pittston Borough 0.97 sq mi (2.50 km²)
13 Hughestown Borough 0.93 sq mi (2.4 km²)
14 Yatesville Borough 0.62 sq mi (1.60 km²)
Total Greater Pittston Region 65.35 sq mi (169.25 km²)

Population

Pittston City is the most populous community in Greater Pittston.

According to the 2010 census, 48,020 people live in and around Pittston City. Pittston has the highest population with 7,739 citizens. Yatesville has the smallest population with around 600 citizens.

Population ranking

The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2010 census of the Greater Pittston region. [6]

principal city

Rank City/Town/etc. Municipal type Population (2010 Census)
1 Pittston City 7,739
2 Exeter Borough 5,652
3 Duryea Borough 4,917
4 West Pittston Borough 4,868
5 Jenkins Township Township 4,442
6 Pittston Township Township 3,368
7 Wyoming Borough 3,073
8 West Wyoming Borough 2,725
9 Dupont Borough 2,711
10 Avoca Borough 2,661
11 Exeter Township Township 2,378
12 Laflin Borough 1,487
13 Hughestown Borough 1,392
14 Yatesville Borough 607
Total Greater Pittston Region 48,020

Demographics

Government

Each municipality ( city, borough, and township) has its own form of government. Each city and borough is headed by an elected mayor. The townships are each governed by a board of supervisors/commissioners.

Public safety

There are many fire and police departments scattered throughout Greater Pittston. The firefighters provide fire protection for all of its citizens. The police provide full-time protection to its citizens, visitors, businesses, and public property.

Healthcare

There are many healthcare clinics scattered throughout Greater Pittston. The following list is a small sample of health clinics in the region.

  • Garden Village Medical Center, West Pittston
  • Geisinger Medical Group, Pittston
  • Geisinger Pittston, Pittston
  • Geisinger, Wyoming
  • Intermountain Medical Group, Dupont
  • The Care and Concern Free Health Clinic, Pittston

Education

Pittston Area, Wyoming Area, and Wilkes-Barre Area School Districts are located in the northeastern corner of Luzerne County (they can be seen in green, pink, and blue).

Public school districts

Private schools

  • Holy Rosary Elementary School, Duryea
  • New Story School, Wyoming
  • Wyoming Area Catholic Elementary School, Exeter

Libraries

  • Pittston Memorial Library, Pittston City
  • West Pittston Library, West Pittston
  • Wyoming Free Library, Wyoming

Transportation

Fort Jenkins Bridge ( U.S. Route 11)

Highways

Interstate 81 passes near Pittston, heading north to Binghamton and south to Harrisburg. Pittston is also located near the Northeast Extension of the Pennsylvania Turnpike, Interstate 476, providing a link to Allentown and Philadelphia. U.S. Route 11, Pennsylvania Route 92, Pennsylvania Route 315, and Pennsylvania Route 502 can also be found within the region.

Public transportation

Pittston is served by the Luzerne County Transportation Authority and COLTS, which provides bus services to the city and other communities within Luzerne County and Lackawanna County. Martz Trailways also provides commuter, tour, and trip service from Pittston, and nearby locations in downtown Scranton and Wilkes-Barre to points east and south, such as Philadelphia, New York City, and Atlantic City.

Air

The Wilkes-Barre/Scranton International Airport is located in Pittston Township. The airport is served by eight international airlines and has hosted Air Force One on regional presidential visits several times in the past. In the spring of 2002, the airport began offering an increased number of non-stop flights across the nation. Service is provided by Allegiant, Delta, United Airlines, and US Airways.

Rail

At present, the Reading Blue Mountain & Northern Railroad, Canadian Pacific Railway (successor to the Delaware and Hudson) and the Luzerne & Susquehanna Railroad (designated-operator of the county-owned shortline) provide freight service within the city and Pittston Township. A proposed nearby commuter train from Scranton to New York City has received government funding.

Notable people

Charles Calvin Bowman: Served as acting mayor of Pittston (1896); served on Pittston's City Council for sixteen terms; served as a member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Pennsylvania's 11th district (1911-1912)

Gallery


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