Elmore County, Alabama

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Elmore County, Alabama
Elmore County Alabama Courthouse.JPG
County courthouse in Wetumpka
Map of Alabama highlighting Elmore County
Location in the U.S. state of Alabama
Map of the United States highlighting Alabama
Alabama's location in the U.S.
Founded February 15, 1866
Named for John A. Elmore
Seat Wetumpka
Largest city Millbrook
Area
 • Total 657 sq mi (1,702 km2)
 • Land 618 sq mi (1,601 km2)
 • Water 39 sq mi (101 km2), 5.9%
Population (est.)
 • ( 2016) 81,799
 • Density 128/sq mi (49/km²)
Demonym(s) Elmorean
Congressional district 2nd
Time zone Central: UTC-6/ -5
Website www.elmoreco.org

Footnotes:  

  • County Number 29 on Alabama Licence Plates

Elmore County is a county of the State of Alabama. As of the 2010 census, the population was 79,303. [1] Its county seat is Wetumpka. [2] Its name is in honor of General John A. Elmore. [3]

Elmore County is part of the Montgomery, AL Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History

Elmore County was established on February 15, 1866, from portions of Autauga, Coosa, Tallapoosa, and Montgomery counties.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 657 square miles (1,700 km2), of which 618 square miles (1,600 km2) is land and 39 square miles (100 km2) (5.9%) is water. [4]

Major highways

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 14,477
1880 17,502 20.9%
1890 21,732 24.2%
1900 26,099 20.1%
1910 28,245 8.2%
1920 28,085 −0.6%
1930 34,280 22.1%
1940 34,546 0.8%
1950 31,649 −8.4%
1960 30,524 −3.6%
1970 33,661 10.3%
1980 43,390 28.9%
1990 49,210 13.4%
2000 65,874 33.9%
2010 79,303 20.4%
Est. 2016 81,799 [5] 3.1%
U.S. Decennial Census [6]
1790–1960 [7] 1900–1990 [8]
1990–2000 [9] 2010–2016 [1]

As of the census [10] of 2000, there were 65,874 people, 22,737 households, and 17,552 families residing in the county. The population density was 106 people per square mile (41/km2). There were 25,733 housing units at an average density of 41 per square mile (16/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 77.02% White, 20.64% Black or African American, 0.43% Native American, 0.36% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.48% from other races, and 1.04% from two or more races. 1.22% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 22,737 households out of which 37.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.40% were married couples living together, 12.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.80% were non-families. 20.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.66 and the average family size was 3.07.

In the county, the population was spread out with 25.70% under the age of 18, 8.80% from 18 to 24, 32.10% from 25 to 44, 22.70% from 45 to 64, and 10.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 102.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.30 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $41,243, and the median income for a family was $47,155. Males had a median income of $32,643 versus $24,062 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,650. About 7.40% of families and 10.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.20% of those under age 18 and 11.30% of those age 65 or over. In the late 1990s voters voted to pass a mandatory fire fee for volunteer fire services. All citizens pay this same fee regardless of valuation of the property or income levels.

2010 census

As of the census [11] of 2010, there were 79,303 people, 28,301 households, and 21,003 families residing in the county. The population density was 128 people per square mile (49/km2). There were 32,657 housing units at an average density of 49.7 per square mile (19.2/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 76.2% White, 20.0% Black or African American, 0.4% Native American, 0.7% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 1.2% from other races, and 1.4% from two or more races. 2.7% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 28,301 households out of which 32.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.6% were married couples living together, 13.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.8% were non-families. 22.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.04.

In the county, the population was spread out with 23.6% under the age of 18, 9.3% from 18 to 24, 27.9% from 25 to 44, 27.4% from 45 to 64, and 11.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37.8 years. For every 100 females there were 95.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.7 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $53,128, and the median income for a family was $62,870. Males had a median income of $46,952 versus $31,542 for females. The per capita income for the county was $22,640. About 9.1% of families and 12.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.8% of those under age 18 and 9.4% of those age 65 or over.

Government and infrastructure

The Julia Tutwiler Prison for Women of the Alabama Department of Corrections is in Wetumpka in Elmore County. The prison houses Alabama’s female death row. [12] Wetumpka was previously the site of the Wetumpka State Penitentiary. [13]

Elmore County vote
by party in presidential elections [14]
Year GOP DNC Others
2016 74.2% 27,634 22.7% 8,443 3.2% 1,183
2012 73.9% 26,253 25.2% 8,954 1.0% 339
2008 75.1% 25,777 24.2% 8,301 0.7% 237
2004 76.9% 22,056 22.6% 6,471 0.5% 153
2000 70.5% 16,777 27.9% 6,652 1.6% 375
1996 61.8% 12,937 31.2% 6,530 7.1% 1,479
1992 55.7% 11,356 30.5% 6,223 13.8% 2,809
1988 69.8% 10,852 29.0% 4,501 1.2% 186
1984 72.7% 11,694 26.1% 4,198 1.2% 185
1980 57.2% 8,688 39.2% 5,947 3.7% 555
1976 48.5% 6,551 49.2% 6,646 2.3% 311
1972 79.9% 8,461 17.9% 1,891 2.3% 238
1968 6.8% 801 14.8% 1,745 78.5% 9,266
1964 83.8% 6,363 16.2% 1,233
1960 35.5% 1,919 63.6% 3,440 0.9% 50
1956 30.0% 1,619 62.2% 3,353 7.8% 422
1952 23.8% 1,315 76.1% 4,199 0.1% 4
1948 6.5% 167 93.5% 2,403
1944 5.6% 184 94.3% 3,108 0.1% 3
1940 3.3% 144 96.5% 4,267 0.2% 9
1936 4.2% 182 92.3% 3,967 3.4% 148
1932 4.4% 160 87.8% 3,198 7.8% 283
1928 57.5% 1,770 42.5% 1,309 0.1% 2
1924 16.4% 219 81.6% 1,088 2.0% 26
1920 16.6% 353 83.1% 1,762 0.3% 6
1916 0.0% 0 99.6% 1,631 0.4% 7
1912 5.7% 81 81.7% 1,152 12.6% 177
1908 11.2% 138 86.5% 1,063 2.3% 28
1904 10.7% 151 86.6% 1,226 2.7% 38

Economy

Over the past two decades, Elmore County has transferred from an economy based on agriculture to one of Alabama's fastest-growing counties. According to a recent report, 1110 jobs were created over the last 4 years. [15]

Elmore County's largest employer is the manufacturing sector. The top ten manufacturers in Elmore County include: GKN Aerospace, Neptune Technologies, Frontier Yarns, Russell Corporation, Madix, Inc, Arrowhead Composites, Hanil USA, YESAC Alabama Corporation, Quality Networks, Inc., and AES Industries.

Education

The Elmore County Public School System serves the county.

Communities

Cities

Towns

Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities


ELMORE COUNTY ALABAMA INFORMATION

Elmore ... County ... Alabama ...

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