Crawford County, Illinois

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Crawford County, Illinois
Crawford County Courthouse in Robinson.jpg
Map of Illinois highlighting Crawford County
Location in the U.S. state of Illinois
Map of the United States highlighting Illinois
Illinois's location in the U.S.
Founded 1816
Named for William H. Crawford
Seat Robinson
Largest city Robinson
Area
 • Total 446 sq mi (1,155 km2)
 • Land 444 sq mi (1,150 km2)
 • Water 2.2 sq mi (6 km2), 0.5%
Population
 • ( 2010) 19,817
 • Density 45/sq mi (17/km²)
Congressional district 15th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/ -5
Website main.crawfordcountycentral.com

Crawford County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. As of the 2010 census, the population was 19,817. [1] Its county seat is Robinson. [2]

History

Crawford County was formed in Illinois Territory on December 31, 1816 out of Edwards County. At the time of its formation, it encompassed about one third of the State, but it was reduced to its present borders by 1831 as it spawned new counties. It was named in honor of William H. Crawford, [3] from Georgia, who was serving as Secretary of War and Secretary of the Treasury at the time. Crawford County was home to several battles between the settlers and Indians, and also the location of the only woman ever hanged in Illinois.

In 1818, the town of Palestine was designated as the county seat. After elections in 1843, a new site was chosen, which would become the town of Robinson. [4]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 446 square miles (1,160 km2), of which 444 square miles (1,150 km2) is land and 2.2 square miles (5.7 km2) (0.5%) is water. [5] Some of the county's eastern border is defined by the Wabash River.

Climate and weather

Robinson, Illinois
Climate chart ( explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
2.5
 
 
37
21
 
 
2.6
 
 
44
26
 
 
3.8
 
 
55
35
 
 
4
 
 
66
44
 
 
4.7
 
 
77
54
 
 
3.8
 
 
85
64
 
 
4.2
 
 
89
67
 
 
3.8
 
 
87
65
 
 
3.5
 
 
81
57
 
 
3
 
 
69
45
 
 
3.9
 
 
54
37
 
 
3.2
 
 
42
26
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel [6]

In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Robinson have ranged from a low of 21 °F (−6 °C) in January to a high of 89 °F (32 °C) in July, although a record low of −23 °F (−31 °C) was recorded in December 1989 and a record high of 114 °F (46 °C) was recorded in July 1954. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.45 inches (62 mm) in January to 4.67 inches (119 mm) in May. [6]

Adjacent counties

Major highways

Demographics

2000 census age pyramid for Crawford County
Historical population
Census Pop.
1820 3,022
1830 3,117 3.1%
1840 4,422 41.9%
1850 7,135 61.4%
1860 11,551 61.9%
1870 13,889 20.2%
1880 16,197 16.6%
1890 17,283 6.7%
1900 19,240 11.3%
1910 26,281 36.6%
1920 22,771 −13.4%
1930 21,085 −7.4%
1940 21,294 1.0%
1950 21,137 −0.7%
1960 20,751 −1.8%
1970 19,824 −4.5%
1980 20,818 5.0%
1990 19,464 −6.5%
2000 20,452 5.1%
2010 19,817 −3.1%
Est. 2016 19,308 [7] −2.6%
U.S. Decennial Census [8]
1790-1960 [9] 1900-1990 [10]
1990-2000 [11] 2010-2013 [1]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 19,817 people, 7,763 households, and 5,154 families residing in the county. [12] The population density was 44.7 inhabitants per square mile (17.3/km2). There were 8,661 housing units at an average density of 19.5 per square mile (7.5/km2). [5] The racial makeup of the county was 92.8% white, 4.7% black or African American, 0.5% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 0.8% from other races, and 0.9% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.8% of the population. [12] In terms of ancestry, 25.0% were German, 14.4% were American, 12.4% were Irish, and 9.9% were English. [13]

Of the 7,763 households, 28.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.6% were married couples living together, 9.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.6% were non-families, and 29.1% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 2.88. The median age was 41.7 years. [12]

The median income for a household in the county was $41,434 and the median income for a family was $51,218. Males had a median income of $40,050 versus $30,870 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,545. About 11.1% of families and 16.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.0% of those under age 18 and 8.2% of those age 65 or over. [14]

Communities

Cities

Villages

Census-designated places

Townships

Crawford County is divided into ten townships:

Politics

Presidential Elections Results [15]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 71.8% 6,277 22.8% 1,992 5.4% 470
2012 64.7% 5,585 33.1% 2,858 2.2% 190
2008 55.4% 5,070 42.4% 3,883 2.2% 200
2004 65.2% 6,083 34.2% 3,194 0.6% 55
2000 58.5% 4,974 39.2% 3,333 2.3% 193
1996 45.6% 3,965 41.7% 3,627 12.7% 1,101
1992 37.3% 3,606 41.0% 3,964 21.7% 2,101
1988 57.8% 4,951 41.5% 3,555 0.8% 65
1984 66.4% 6,261 33.2% 3,130 0.4% 33
1980 60.7% 5,894 34.7% 3,372 4.6% 444
1976 52.0% 5,522 47.1% 5,007 0.9% 93
1972 65.3% 6,568 34.6% 3,477 0.1% 10
1968 58.1% 5,870 33.5% 3,383 8.4% 845
1964 46.2% 4,834 53.8% 5,624
1960 61.6% 6,809 38.4% 4,245 0.0% 4
1956 63.3% 6,747 36.6% 3,906 0.1% 9
1952 63.1% 6,768 36.8% 3,947 0.1% 9
1948 54.6% 5,111 44.3% 4,150 1.1% 103
1944 57.0% 6,056 42.2% 4,482 0.7% 79
1940 55.0% 7,036 44.5% 5,703 0.5% 66
1936 48.1% 5,823 51.0% 6,164 0.9% 112
1932 42.1% 4,550 56.3% 6,081 1.6% 169
1928 62.9% 5,989 36.7% 3,495 0.4% 38
1924 51.3% 4,830 44.8% 4,223 3.9% 372
1920 55.0% 5,188 43.4% 4,092 1.6% 150
1916 46.3% 5,084 50.7% 5,570 3.0% 331
1912 22.3% 1,266 47.4% 2,691 30.3% 1,719
1908 49.4% 3,090 46.2% 2,890 4.4% 272
1904 51.9% 2,296 41.8% 1,850 6.4% 282
1900 49.1% 2,301 49.1% 2,299 1.8% 85
1896 47.7% 2,172 51.4% 2,342 0.9% 43
1892 45.4% 1,790 47.6% 1,875 7.0% 274

Although Crawford County was solidly Democratic before the Populist-backed candidacy of William Jennings Bryan in 1896, it has since become strongly Republican. The last Democrat to gain a majority in the county was Lyndon Johnson in his 1964 landslide, although Bill Clinton won a plurality in 1992. Like all the rural Upland South, Crawford County has shown dramatic swings against the Democratic Party in recent elections, with Hillary Clinton’s 22.8 percent in 2016 the worst performance ever by a Democrat.


CRAWFORD COUNTY ILLINOIS INFORMATION

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