Conecuh County, Alabama

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Conecuh County, Alabama
Conecuh County Government Center May 2013 2.jpg
The Conecuh County Government Center in Evergreen
Map of Alabama highlighting Conecuh County
Location in the U.S. state of Alabama
Map of the United States highlighting Alabama
Alabama's location in the U.S.
Founded February 13, 1818
Seat Evergreen
Largest city Evergreen
Area
 • Total 853 sq mi (2,209 km2)
 • Land 850 sq mi (2,201 km2)
 • Water 2.6 sq mi (7 km2), 0.3%
Population (est.)
 • ( 2016) 12,395
 • Density 16/sq mi (6/km²)
Congressional district 2nd
Time zone Central: UTC-6/ -5

Footnotes:  

  • County Number 21 on Alabama Licence Plates

Conecuh County ( /kəˈnɛkə/) is a county of the U.S. state of Alabama. As of the 2010 census the population was 13,228. [1] Its county seat is Evergreen. [2] Its name is believed to be derived from a Creek Indian term meaning "land of cane."

History

The areas along the rivers had been used by varying cultures of indigenous peoples for thousands of years. French and Spanish explorers encountered the historic Creek Indians. Later, British colonial traders developed relationships with the Creek, and several married high-status Creek women. As the tribe has a matrilineal system, children are considered born into their mother's clan and take their status from her family.

During the American Revolutionary War, the Upper Creek chief Alexander McGillivray, whose father was Scottish, allied his tribe with the British, hoping they could stop colonial Americans from encroaching on Creek land. Commissioned a British colonel, McGillivray named Jean-Antoine Le Clerc, a French adventurer who lived with the Creeks for 20 years, as the war chief to lead the Creek warriors.

Conecuh County was established by Alabama on February 13, 1818. Some of its territory was taken in 1868 by the Republican state legislature during the Reconstruction era to establish Escambia County. Located in the coastal plain, nineteenth century Conecuh County was an area of plantations and cotton cultivation, and it is still quite rural today. Thousands of African American residents left in the 1940s, during the Second Great Migration, mostly for industrial regions in the major cities.

In September 1979, the county was declared a disaster area, due to damage caused by Hurricane Frederic.

Conecuh County was mentioned as the birthplace of Theodore Bagwell in the television series Prison Break.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 853 square miles (2,210 km2), of which 850 square miles (2,200 km2) is land and 2.6 square miles (6.7 km2) (0.3%) is water. [3]

Major highways

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1820 5,713
1830 7,444 30.3%
1840 8,197 10.1%
1850 9,322 13.7%
1860 11,311 21.3%
1870 9,574 −15.4%
1880 12,605 31.7%
1890 14,594 15.8%
1900 17,514 20.0%
1910 21,433 22.4%
1920 24,593 14.7%
1930 25,429 3.4%
1940 25,489 0.2%
1950 21,776 −14.6%
1960 17,762 −18.4%
1970 15,645 −11.9%
1980 15,884 1.5%
1990 14,054 −11.5%
2000 14,089 0.2%
2010 13,228 −6.1%
Est. 2016 12,395 [4] −6.3%
U.S. Decennial Census [5]
1790–1960 [6] 1900–1990 [7]
1990–2000 [8] 2010–2016 [1]

2010

Whereas according to the 2010 U.S. Census Bureau:

2000

As of the census [9] of 2000, there were 14,089 people, 5,792 households, and 3,938 families residing in the county. The population density was 17 people per square mile (6/km2). There were 7,265 housing units at an average density of 8 per square mile (3/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 55.40% White, 43.55% Black or African American, 0.20% Native American, 0.11% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.09% from other races, and 0.60% from two or more races. 0.72% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 5,792 households out of which 30.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.70% were married couples living together, 16.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.00% were non-families. 30.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 3.01.

In the county, the population was spread out with 25.90% under the age of 18, 8.30% from 18 to 24, 25.80% from 25 to 44, 24.30% from 45 to 64, and 15.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 89.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.30 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $22,111, and the median income for a family was $31,424. Males had a median income of $28,115 versus $19,350 for females. The per capita income for the county was $12,964. About 21.70% of families and 26.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 36.10% of those under age 18 and 28.90% of those age 65 or over.

Government

Conecuh County vote
by party in presidential elections [10]
Year GOP DNC Others
2016 51.9% 3,420 46.8% 3,080 1.3% 85
2012 49.0% 3,439 50.6% 3,555 0.4% 31
2008 50.0% 3,470 49.4% 3,429 0.6% 44
2004 54.3% 3,271 45.2% 2,719 0.5% 31
2000 48.6% 2,699 50.1% 2,783 1.2% 69
1996 38.3% 2,093 53.2% 2,903 8.5% 465
1992 39.1% 2,463 50.0% 3,155 10.9% 689
1988 51.2% 3,256 47.5% 3,022 1.2% 79
1984 55.9% 3,538 43.2% 2,735 1.0% 61
1980 47.7% 2,948 50.2% 3,102 2.1% 131
1976 36.4% 1,812 62.0% 3,086 1.7% 82
1972 74.8% 3,214 24.3% 1,042 0.9% 40
1968 3.5% 186 21.5% 1,151 75.0% 4,009
1964 81.3% 2,782 18.7% 639
1960 25.8% 650 72.2% 1,815 2.0% 50
1956 32.1% 885 61.3% 1,687 6.6% 182
1952 30.5% 749 68.3% 1,678 1.3% 31
1948 4.5% 64 95.5% 1,345
1944 7.7% 127 91.3% 1,498 0.9% 15
1940 2.1% 50 97.7% 2,345 0.2% 5
1936 3.9% 89 95.6% 2,195 0.5% 12
1932 5.1% 114 94.9% 2,125 0.0% 0
1928 56.5% 1,113 43.5% 858 0.0% 0
1924 8.5% 92 88.1% 955 3.4% 37
1920 12.6% 189 87.4% 1,315 0.0% 0
1916 3.8% 42 94.4% 1,036 1.7% 19
1912 6.1% 60 80.9% 802 13.0% 129
1908 13.9% 111 81.8% 651 4.3% 34
1904 12.3% 106 85.4% 739 2.3% 20

Conecuh is a swing county in presidential elections; since 1972 it has voted for both parties an equal number of times.

Communities

City

Towns

Unincorporated communities

Historic sites

Conecuh County has three sites listed on the National Register of Historic Places, the Asa Johnston Farmhouse, Louisville and Nashville Depot, and New Evergreen Commercial Historic District. [11]


CONECUH COUNTY ALABAMA INFORMATION

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