Clarke County, Virginia

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Clarke County, Virginia
County
County of Clarke
Clarke-County-Courthouse-Berryville-Virginia.jpg
Clarke County Courthouse in Berryville, Virginia
Flag of Clarke County, Virginia
Flag
Seal of Clarke County, Virginia
Seal
Map of Virginia highlighting Clarke County
Location in the U.S. state of Virginia
Map of the United States highlighting Virginia
Virginia's location in the U.S.
Founded 1836
Named for George Rogers Clark
Seat Berryville
Largest town Berryville
Area
 • Total 178 sq mi (461 km2)
 • Land 176 sq mi (456 km2)
 • Water 2.2 sq mi (6 km2), 1.2%
Population (est.)
 • ( 2016) 14,240
 • Density 81/sq mi (31/km²)
Congressional district 10th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/ -4
Website www.co.clarke.va.us

Clarke County is a county in the Commonwealth of Virginia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 14,034. [1] Its county seat is Berryville. [2] Clarke County is included in the Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History

The first settlement of the Virginia Colony in the future Clarke County was in 1736 by Thomas Fairfax, 6th Lord Fairfax of Cameron who built a home, Greenway Court, on part of his 5 million acre (20,000 km²) property, near what is now the village of White Post. White Post was named for the large signpost pointing the way to Lord Fairfax's home.

As it lay just west of the Blue Ridge border demarcated under Governor Spotswood at Albany in 1722, the area was claimed along with the rest of the Shenandoah Valley by the Six Nations Iroquois (who had overrun it during the later Beaver Wars in around 1672), until the Treaty of Lancaster in 1744, when it was purchased from them by Governor Gooch.

Many of the early settlers of what became Clarke County were children of Tidewater planters, who settled on large land grants from Lord Fairfax. Two-thirds of the county was settled by the plantation group, and the plantation lifestyle thrived until the Civil War. County status came in 1836 when it was divided off from Frederick County. Clarke was known for its large crops of wheat.

During the American Civil War, John S. Mosby, "the Gray Ghost" of the Confederacy, raided General Sheridan's supply train in the summer of 1864, in Berryville. The Battle of Cool Spring was fought in Clarke County on July 17 and 18th, 1864, and the Battle of Berryville on September 3, 1864.

In 1881 was founded the Bank of Clarke County, still functional regional bank headquartered in Berryville. [3]

Early in the 20th century, future Virginia politician Harry F. Byrd, Sr. and his wife established their first home near Berryville, where he undertook extensive agricultural activity growing peaches and apples. Byrd became a State senator in the upper house of the Virginia General Assembly, served a term as a Governor of Virginia, and was a United States Senator for over 30 years, heading the powerful Byrd Organization which dominated state politics between the mid-1920s and 1960s.

In 1996, Forrest Pritchard revitalized Smithfield Farm by starting a grass-fed, sustainable livestock operation. Renamed 'Smith Meadows', it is currently one of the oldest fully grass-finished farms in the United States, and its story was chronicled in the New York Times bestseller Gaining Ground.

Historic buildings and structures

  • Clermont Estate (1751)
  • Fairfield (1765)
  • Soldier's Rest (1769)
  • Buck Marsh Church (1772)
  • Norwood (1780)
  • Burwell-Morgan Mill (1782)
  • Holy Cross Abbey (1784)
  • Audley Estate (1794)
  • Bel Voi (1803)
  • Long Branch Plantation (1811)
  • Rosemont Estate (1811)
  • Clay Hill (1816)
  • Smithfield Farm (1816)
  • Clifton (1833)
  • Clarke County Courthouse (1837)
  • Stone's Chapel (1848)
  • Glendale Farm (1850)
  • Site of Mosby's Raid (1863)

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 178 square miles (460 km2), of which 176 square miles (460 km2) is land and 2.2 square miles (5.7 km2) (1.2%) is water. [4] It is the third-smallest county in Virginia by total area.

Adjacent counties

Government

Presidential Elections Results [5]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 56.8% 4,661 37.2% 3,051 6.1% 501
2012 55.4% 4,296 41.7% 3,239 2.9% 227
2008 51.7% 3,840 46.5% 3,457 1.8% 134
2004 57.5% 3,741 41.5% 2,699 1.0% 65
2000 54.6% 2,883 41.0% 2,166 4.5% 235
1996 48.2% 2,201 41.7% 1,906 10.1% 462
1992 42.9% 1,994 39.0% 1,811 18.1% 843
1988 62.2% 2,502 36.8% 1,478 1.0% 40
1984 67.2% 2,529 32.3% 1,215 0.5% 19
1980 57.4% 1,876 35.4% 1,156 7.2% 234
1976 51.5% 1,440 45.7% 1,276 2.8% 78
1972 69.1% 1,816 27.2% 715 3.7% 96
1968 42.6% 1,127 29.1% 768 28.3% 749
1964 48.4% 1,068 51.5% 1,136 0.1% 2
1960 46.3% 804 53.2% 923 0.5% 9
1956 48.9% 785 45.2% 725 5.9% 95
1952 52.9% 809 46.8% 716 0.3% 5
1948 33.2% 384 41.6% 482 25.2% 292
1944 33.6% 415 66.0% 816 0.4% 5
1940 24.1% 333 75.6% 1,043 0.3% 4
1936 17.4% 198 82.4% 940 0.3% 3
1932 12.7% 124 86.4% 841 0.8% 8
1928 25.1% 248 74.9% 740
1924 9.8% 76 88.2% 687 2.1% 16
1920 15.8% 154 79.3% 774 4.9% 48
1916 7.7% 49 92.2% 590 0.2% 1
1912 6.2% 39 91.4% 576 2.4% 15

Board of Supervisors

Berryville District: Mary Costello Daniel (D)

Buckmarsh District: David Weiss (R)

Millwood District: John Staelin (I)

Russell District: Barbara Byrd (I)

White Post District: Bev McKay (R)

Constitutional Officers

Clerk of the Circuit Court: Helen Butts (D)

Commissioner of the Revenue: Donna Mathews Peake (R)

Commonwealth's Attorney: Suzanne "Suni" Mackall (D)

Sheriff: Anthony W. Roper (D)

Treasurer: Sharon E. Keeler (D)

Clarke County is represented by Republican Jill Holtzman Vogel in the Virginia Senate, Republicans J. Randy Minchew and Dave LaRock in the Virginia House of Delegates, and Republican Barbara Comstock in the U.S. House of Representatives.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1840 6,353
1850 7,352 15.7%
1860 7,146 −2.8%
1870 6,670 −6.7%
1880 7,682 15.2%
1890 8,071 5.1%
1900 7,927 −1.8%
1910 7,468 −5.8%
1920 7,165 −4.1%
1930 7,167 0.0%
1940 7,159 −0.1%
1950 7,074 −1.2%
1960 7,942 12.3%
1970 8,102 2.0%
1980 9,965 23.0%
1990 12,101 21.4%
2000 12,652 4.6%
2010 14,034 10.9%
Est. 2016 14,374 [6] 2.4%
U.S. Decennial Census [7]
1790–1960 [8] 1900–1990 [9]
1990–2000 [10] 2010–2015 [1]

As of the census [11] of 2000, there were 12,652 people, 4,942 households, and 3,513 families residing in the county. The population density was 72 people per square mile (28/km²). There were 5,388 housing units at an average density of 30 per square mile (12/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 91.15% White, 6.73% Black or African American, 0.19% Native American, 0.49% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.55% from other races, and 0.85% from two or more races. 1.46% of the population was Hispanic or Latino of any race.

By 2005 90.1% of Clarke County's population was non-Hispanic whites. 6.3% were African-American. 0.2% Native American. 0.6% Asian. 2.6% were Latino.

There were 4,942 households out of which 29.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.20% were married couples living together, 8.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.90% were non-families. 24.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 2.97.

In the county, the population was spread out with 23.40% under the age of 18, 5.80% from 18 to 24, 29.10% from 25 to 44, 27.10% from 45 to 64, and 14.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 98.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.60 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $51,601, and the median income for a family was $59,750. Males had a median income of $40,254 versus $30,165 for females. The per capita income for the county was $24,844. About 4.20% of families and 6.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.10% of those under age 18 and 11.10% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation

Major highways

Services

Communities

Towns

Census-designated place

Other unincorporated communities

Gallery


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