Batavia, Illinois

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Batavia, Illinois
City
City of Batavia, Illinois
Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad Depot Museum
Nickname(s): The Windmill City, City of Energy [1]
Motto: "Where Tradition and Vision Meet" [2]
Location of Batavia in DuPage County, Illinois.
Location of Batavia in DuPage County, Illinois.
Location of Illinois in the United States
Location of Illinois in the United States
Coordinates: 41°50′56″N 88°18′30″W / 41.84889°N 88.30833°W / 41.84889; -88.30833
BATAVIA ILLINOIS Latitude and Longitude:

41°50′56″N 88°18′30″W / 41.84889°N 88.30833°W / 41.84889; -88.30833
Country United States
State Illinois
Counties Kane, DuPage
Townships Batavia (Kane), Geneva (Kane), Winfield (DuPage)
Settled 1833
Incorporated July 27, 1872
Government
 • Type Council-manager
 • Mayor Jeff Schielke
Area [3]
 • Total 9.66 sq mi (25.01 km2)
 • Land 9.59 sq mi (24.84 km2)
 • Water 0.07 sq mi (0.17 km2)
Elevation 666 ft (203 m)
Population ( 2010)
 • Total 26,045
 • Estimate (2016) [4] 26,391
 • Density 2,751.64/sq mi (1,062.40/km2)
Time zone CST ( UTC-6)
 • Summer ( DST) CDT ( UTC-5)
ZIP Code(s) 60510 and 60539
Area codes 630 and 331
FIPS code 17-04078
GNIS feature ID 2394077
Wikimedia Commons Batavia, Illinois
Website City of Batavia, Illinois
The Fox River has been of central significance to settlement and life in Batavia

Batavia ( /bəˈtviə/) is a city in DuPage and Kane counties in the U.S. state of Illinois. A suburb of Chicago, it was founded in 1833 and is the oldest city in Kane County. [5] During the latter part of the 19th century, Batavia, home to six American-style windmill manufacturing companies, became known as "The Windmill City." [5] Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, a federal government-sponsored high-energy physics laboratory, where both the bottom quark and the top quark were first detected, is located in the city.

Batavia is part of a vernacular region known as the Tri-City area, along with St. Charles and Geneva, all western suburbs of similar size and relative socioeconomic condition. [6]

As of the 2010 census, the city had a total population of 26,045, which was estimated to have increased to 26,318 by July 2012. [7]

History

Batavia was first settled in 1833 by Christopher Payne and his family. Originally called Big Woods for the wild growth throughout the settlement, the town was renamed by local judge and former Congressman Isaac Wilson in 1840 after his former home of Batavia, New York. [8] [9] Because Judge Wilson owned the majority of the town, he was given permission to rename the city.

Batavia's settlement was delayed one year by the Black Hawk War, in which Abraham Lincoln was a citizen soldier, and Zachary Taylor and Jefferson Davis were Army officers. [10] Although there is no direct evidence that Lincoln, Taylor, or Davis visited the future site of Batavia, there are writings by Lincoln that refer to "Head of the Big Woods," which was Batavia's original name from its first settler, Christopher Payne. The city was incorporated on July 27, 1872. [11]

After the death of her husband, Mary Todd Lincoln was an involuntary resident of the Batavia Institute on May 20, 1875. [12] Mrs. Lincoln was released four months later on September 11, 1875. [13] In the late 19th century, Batavia was a major manufacturer of the Conestoga wagons used in the country's westward expansion. [14] Into the early 20th century, most of the windmill operated waterpumps in use throughout America's farms were made at one of the three windmill manufacturing companies in Batavia. [15] [16] Many of the original limestone buildings that were part of these factories are still in use today as government and commercial offices and storefronts. The Aurora Elgin and Chicago Railway constructed a power plant in southern Batavia and added a branch to the city in 1902. The Campana Factory was built in 1936 to manufacture cosmetics for The Campana Company, most notably Italian Balm, the nation's best-selling hand lotion at the time.

Geography

Batavia is located at 41°50′56″N 88°18′30″W / 41.84889°N 88.30833°W / 41.84889; -88.30833 (41.8488583, −88.3084400). [17]

According to the 2010 census, Batavia has a total area of 9.707 square miles (25.14 km2), of which 9.64 square miles (24.97 km2) (or 99.31%) is land and 0.067 square miles (0.17 km2) (or 0.69%) is water. [18]

Major streets

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 1,621
1880 2,639
1890 3,543 34.3%
1900 3,871 9.3%
1910 4,436 14.6%
1920 4,395 −0.9%
1930 5,045 14.8%
1940 5,101 1.1%
1950 5,838 14.4%
1960 7,496 28.4%
1970 9,060 20.9%
1980 12,574 38.8%
1990 17,076 35.8%
2000 23,866 39.8%
2010 26,045 9.1%
Est. 2016 26,391 [4] 1.3%
U.S. Decennial Census [19]

As of the 2000 U.S. census, there were 23,866 people, 8,494 households, and 6,268 families residing in the city. [20] The population density was 2,638.4 people per square mile (1,018.2/km²). There were 8,806 housing units at an average density of 973.5 per square mile (375.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 93.21% White, 2.42% Black or African American, 0.11% Native American, 1.35% Asian, none Pacific Islander, 1.53% from other races, and 1.39% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.27% of the population.

There were 8,494 households out of which 41.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.0% were married couples living together, 7.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.2% were non-families. 22.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.75 and the average family size was 3.27.

In the city, the population was spread out with 31.3% under the age of 18, 6.0% from 18 to 24, 30.6% from 25 to 44, 22.2% from 45 to 64, and 9.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 94.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.4 males.

Males had a median income of $55,913 versus $35,083 for females. The per capita income for the city was $38,576. About 2.5% of families and 3.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.1% of those under age 18 and 5.6% of those age 65 or over.

According to the 2008 U.S. Census Bureau estimate, the median income for a household in the city was $90,680, the median income for a family was $103,445, and the median home value was $329,800. [21]

Economy

Aldi, Inc., the U.S. subsidiary of Aldi, has its headquarters in Batavia. [22]

Fermilab is located just outside the town borders and serves as employment for many of the town's residents.

Principal employers

According to the City's 2015 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, [23] the top employers in the city are:

# Employer # of employees
1 Suncast 800
2 Unit School District #101 670
3 Aldi, Inc 500
4 Agco Corporation 365
5 Power Packaging 300
6 Wal-Mart 300
7 HOBI International 225
8 VWR Scientific 221
9 Eagle Concrete 200

Accolades

Batavia is an award-winning community.

  • In 2007, BusinessWeek ranked Batavia #21 on a national list of the 50 best places in America to raise kids. [24]
  • In 2009, Batavia was ranked #56 on CNN Money's Best Small Towns in the nation.
  • In 2011, Batavia was voted by RelocateAmerica as one of the Top 100 Places to Live in America. [25]
  • In 2013, Batavia won the Best Street Award from the Illinois Chapter of the Congress of New Urbanism for the City's Streetscape redevelopment of River Street. [26] The River Street design was also awarded the Lieutenant Governor's Award for Excellence in Downtown Revitalization at the Illinois Main Street Conference in 2013. [27]
  • In 2013, the City of Batavia was designated as a Bike Friendly Community (Bronze Level) by the League of American Bicyclists. Currently, only six communities in Illinois are designated Bike Friendly Communities. [28] [29]
  • In 2013, Batavia's collection of historic windmills was designated as an Historic Mechanical Engineering Landmark by the American Society of Mechanical Engineers.
  • In 2013, the Batavia High School football team won the 6A state championship.
  • In 2015, for the third consecutive year, Batavia High School was designated a GRAMMY Signature School for excellence in music education. [30]

Schools

Batavia is served by Batavia Public School District No. 101. The district currently consists of six K–5 elementary schools, one 6–8 middle school, and Batavia High School. [31] Small pockets of the city are served by Geneva Community Unit School District 304 and West Aurora Public School District 129.

A college preparatory school, Harbridge College Prep, was going to open in 2015 in the historic Campana Building. [32] but failed to recruit enough students. [33] [34]

Library

Batavia is served by Batavia Public Library District, which was founded in 1882 as a township library. It converted to a district library in June 1975. The library serves most of Batavia Township, Kane County, Illinois and portions of Winfield Township, DuPage County, Illinois, Geneva Township, Kane County, Illinois, and Blackberry Township, Kane County, Illinois. Its current facility opened in January 2002. [35]

Transportation

Notable people

Ragnhild and Stefan Anderson, visiting in 1955 from Sweden, under the kind of massive oak trees (here on South Batavia Avenue) that are found all over Batavia

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