Baker County, Florida

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Baker County, Florida
Baker County (Macclenny).jpg
Baker County Courthouse in Macclenny
Seal of Baker County, Florida
Seal
Map of Florida highlighting Baker County
Location in the U.S. state of Florida
Map of the United States highlighting Florida
Florida's location in the U.S.
Founded February 8, 1861
Named for James McNair Baker
Seat Macclenny
Largest city Macclenny
Area
 • Total 589 sq mi (1,526 km2)
 • Land 585 sq mi (1,515 km2)
 • Water 3.7 sq mi (10 km2), 0.6%
Population (est.)
 • ( 2016) 27,937 [1]
 • Density 46/sq mi (18/km²)
Congressional district 5th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/ -4
Website www.bakercountyfl.org

Baker County is a county in the U.S. state of Florida. As of the 2010 census, the population was 27,115. [2] Its county seat is Macclenny. [3] The county was founded in 1861 and is named for James McNair Baker, a judge and Confederate Senator.

Baker County is included in the Jacksonville, FL Metropolitan Statistical Area.

In 1864 the Battle of Olustee, which was the only major American Civil War battle in Florida, was fought near Lake City in Baker County.

History

Baker County was founded in 1861. It was named for James McNair Baker, a judge and Confederate senator. [4] In 1864 the Battle of Olustee, which was the only major American Civil War battle in Florida, was fought near Lake City in Baker County. [5]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 589 square miles (1,530 km2), of which 585 square miles (1,520 km2) is land and 3.7 square miles (9.6 km2) (0.6%) is water. [6] The extreme northern part of the county lies within the Okefenokee Swamp and its federally protected areas. Baker County is one of the many counties that is home to the St. Mary's River. The St. Marys River is a remote blackwater stream, located in southeastern Georgia and northeastern Florida, forming the easternmost border between the two states. [7] [8]

Adjacent counties

National protected areas

Major highways

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 1,325
1880 2,303 73.8%
1890 3,333 44.7%
1900 4,516 35.5%
1910 4,805 6.4%
1920 5,622 17.0%
1930 6,273 11.6%
1940 6,510 3.8%
1950 6,313 −3.0%
1960 7,363 16.6%
1970 9,242 25.5%
1980 15,289 65.4%
1990 18,486 20.9%
2000 22,259 20.4%
2010 27,115 21.8%
Est. 2016 27,937 [9] 3.0%
U.S. Decennial Census [10]
1790-1960 [11] 1900-1990 [12]
1990-2000 [13] 2010-2015 [2]

As of the census [14] of 2000, there were 22,259 people, 7,043 households, and 5,599 families residing in the county. The population density was 38 people per square mile (15/km²). There were 7,592 housing units at an average density of 13 per square mile (5/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 84.04% White, 13.92% Black or African American, 0.38% Native American, 0.40% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.25% from other races, and 0.98% from two or more races. 1.88% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 34.5% were of American, 9.9% Irish, 8.6% English and 6.6% German ancestry according to Census 2000. Those claiming "American" ancestry are of predominantly English ancestry but most people in Baker County who are of English stock have a tendency to identify simply as Americans. [15] [16] [17] [18] 97.2% spoke English and 2.5% Spanish as their first language.

There were 7,043 households out of which 41.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.70% were married couples living together, 13.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 20.50% were non-families. 17.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.86 and the average family size was 3.20.

In the county, the population was spread out with 27.50% under the age of 18, 9.90% from 18 to 24, 30.70% from 25 to 44, 22.70% from 45 to 64, and 9.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 110.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 112.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $40,035, and the median income for a family was $43,503. Males had a median income of $30,240 versus $21,279 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,164. About 11.40% of families and 14.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.20% of those under age 18 and 8.60% of those age 65 or over.

Politics

Voter registration

According to the Secretary of State's office, Republicans hold plurality among registered voters in Baker County.

Baker County Voter Registration & Party Enrollment as of August 31, 2017 [19]
Political Party Total Voters Percentage
Democratic 5,750 37.73%
Republican 7,862 51.58%
Independent 1,582 10.38%
Third Parties 47 0.31%
Total 15,241 100%

Statewide elections

Previous Presidential Elections Results [20]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 81.02% 10,294 16.62% 2,112 2.35% 299
2012 78.80% 8,975 20.29% 2,311 0.91% 104
2008 78.22% 8,672 20.99% 2,327 0.79% 88
2004 77.73% 7,738 21.90% 2,180 0.37% 37
2000 68.80% 5,611 29.33% 2,392 1.86% 152
1996 55.54% 3,686 34.25% 2,273 10.22% 678
1992 50.59% 3,418 29.25% 1,976 20.16% 1,362
1988 71.49% 3,418 28.34% 1,355 0.17% 8
1984 71.62% 3,485 28.38% 1,381
1980 45.88% 2,283 52.47% 2,611 1.65% 82
1976 25.22% 1,058 71.16% 2,985 3.62% 152
1972 83.64% 1,943 16.32% 379 0.04% 1
1968 10.72% 294 17.75% 487 71.53% 1,962
1964 49.65% 1,121 50.35% 1,137
1960 21.32% 398 78.68% 1,469
1956 20.23% 366 79.77% 1,443
1952 22.04% 419 77.96% 1,482
1948 9.52% 112 72.19% 849 18.28% 215
1944 10.05% 127 89.95% 1,137
1940 7.78% 114 92.22% 1,352
1936 6.94% 116 93.06% 1,555
1932 6.37% 87 93.63% 1,278
1928 72.38% 676 25.91% 242 1.71% 16
1924 32.72% 124 56.73% 215 10.56% 40
1920 22.64% 115 68.11% 346 9.25% 47
1916 9.25% 52 78.11% 439 12.63% 71
1912 11.18% 37 50.76% 168 38.07% 126
1908 30.95% 104 45.24% 152 23.81% 80
1904 35.40% 120 61.06% 207 3.54% 12
Previous Gubernatorial Elections Results
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2014 70.54% 5,956 24.87% 2,100 4.59% 388
2010 62.34% 4,940 34.46% 2,731 3.20% 253
2006 69.39% 4,335 27.82% 1,738 2.79% 174
2002 69.22% 4,515 30.06% 1,961 0.72% 47
1998 71.14% 3,268 28.86% 1,326
1994 68.52% 3,600 31.48% 1,654

Education

The Baker County School District serves public school students in the county.

The main library serving Baker County is the Emily Taber Public Library. The building used to be the Old Baker County Courthouse, built in 1908. The library director is April Teel. [21]

Communities

City

Town

Unincorporated communities


BAKER COUNTY FLORIDA INFORMATION

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