Atlantic County, New Jersey

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Atlantic County, New Jersey
AtlanticCityAirport.png
Seal of Atlantic County, New Jersey
Seal
Map of New Jersey highlighting Atlantic County
Location in the U.S. state of New Jersey
Map of the United States highlighting New Jersey
New Jersey's location in the U.S.
Founded 1837
Seat Mays Landing [1]
Largest city Egg Harbor Township (population)
Galloway Township (total area)
Hamilton Township (land area)
Area
 • Total 671.83 sq mi (1,740 km2)
 • Land 555.70 sq mi (1,439 km2)
 • Water 116.12 sq mi (301 km2), 17.28%
Population (est.)
 • ( 2016) 270,991 [2]
 • Density 494.1/sq mi (191/km²)
Congressional district 2nd
Website www.aclink.org

Atlantic County is a county located in the U.S. state of New Jersey. As of the 2010 United States Census, the county had a population of 274,549, [3] having increased by 21,997 from the 252,552 counted at the 2000 Census (+8.7%, tied for third-fastest in the state), [4] [5] [6] As of the 2016 Census Bureau estimate, the county's population was 270,991, making it the 15th-largest of the state's 21 counties. [7] [8] [9] Its county seat is the Mays Landing section of Hamilton Township. [1] The most populous place was Egg Harbor Township, with 43,323 residents at the time of the 2010 Census; Galloway Township, covered 115.21 square miles (298.4 km2), the largest total area of any municipality, though Hamilton Township has the largest land area, covering 111.13 square miles (287.8 km2). [6]

This county forms the Atlantic CityHammonton Metropolitan Statistical Area, [10] which is also part of the Delaware Valley Combined Statistical Area. [11] [12]

History

All of what is known today as Atlantic County was once called Egg Harbor Township, the eastern half of the original County of Gloucester. Named as an official district as early as 1693, it was bounded on the north by the Little Egg Harbor River (now known as the Mullica River), and on the south by the Great Egg Harbor River and its southern branch the Tuckahoe River. Its eastern boundary was the Atlantic Ocean, but the western boundary in the South Jersey interior was not fixed until 1761. The county was formally created from portions of Gloucester County as of February 7, 1837, and consisted of the townships of Egg Harbor, Galloway, Hamilton and Weymouth. [13]

Geography

According to the 2010 Census, the county had a total area of 671.83 square miles (1,740.0 km2), including 555.70 square miles (1,439.3 km2) of land (82.7%) and 116.12 square miles (300.7 km2) of water (17.3%). [6] [14] It is the third largest county in New Jersey behind Ocean County and Burlington County.

Atlantic County is located in the Atlantic Coastal Plain in the southeastern part of New Jersey.

Topographically, much of Atlantic County is low-lying and flat. The highest elevation, approximately 150 feet (46 m) above sea level, is found at two areas next to the New Jersey Transit passenger rail line just west of Hammonton. [15] Sea level is the lowest point.

Adjacent counties

Atlantic County borders the following counties: [16]

National protected areas

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1840 8,726
1850 8,961 2.7%
1860 11,786 31.5%
1870 14,093 19.6%
1880 18,704 32.7%
1890 28,836 54.2%
1900 46,402 60.9%
1910 71,894 54.9%
1920 83,914 16.7%
1930 124,823 48.8%
1940 124,066 −0.6%
1950 132,399 6.7%
1960 160,880 21.5%
1970 175,043 8.8%
1980 194,119 10.9%
1990 224,327 15.6%
2000 252,552 12.6%
2010 274,549 8.7%
Est. 2016 270,991 [7] [8] [9] −1.3%
Historical sources: 1790-1990 [17]
1970-2010 [6] 2000 [4] 2010 [3] 2000-2010 [18]

Census 2010

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 274,549 people, 102,847 households, and 68,702 families residing in the county. The population density was 494.1 per square mile (190.8/km2). There were 126,647 housing units at an average density of 227.9 per square mile (88.0/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 65.40% (179,566) White, 16.08% (44,138) Black or African American, 0.38% (1,050) Native American, 7.50% (20,595) Asian, 0.03% (92) Pacific Islander, 7.36% (20,218) from other races, and 3.24% (8,890) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 16.84% (46,241) of the population. [3]

There were 102,847 households out of which 29.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.6% were married couples living together, 15.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.2% were non-families. 26.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.17. [3]

In the county, the population was spread out with 23.3% under the age of 18, 9.3% from 18 to 24, 24.6% from 25 to 44, 28.7% from 45 to 64, and 14.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39.9 years. For every 100 females there were 94.2 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and old there were 91 males. [3]

Census 2000

As of the 2000 United States Census [19] there were 252,552 people, 95,024 households, and 63,190 families residing in the county. The population density was 450 people per square mile (174/km²). There were 114,090 housing units at an average density of 203 per square mile (79/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 68.36% White, 17.63% Black or African American, 0.26% Native American, 5.06% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 6.06% from other races, and 2.58% from two or more races. 12.17% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. [4] [20] Among those residents listing their ancestry, 18.3% were of Italian, 17.3% Irish, 13.8% German and 7.7% English ancestry according to Census 2000. [20] [21]

There were 95,024 households out of which 31.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.50% were married couples living together, 14.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.50% were non-families. 27.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 3.16. [4]

In the county, the population was spread out with 25.30% under the age of 18, 8.10% from 18 to 24, 30.60% from 25 to 44, 22.40% from 45 to 64, and 13.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 93.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.20 males. [4]

The median income for a household in the county was $43,933, and the median income for a family was $51,710. Males had a median income of $36,397 versus $28,059 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,034. About 7.6% of families and 10.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.8% of those under age 18 and 10.50% of those age 65 or over. [20] [22]

Government and politics

The Atlantic County Courthouse in Mays Landing in 2006

In 1974, Atlantic County voters changed the county governmental form under the Optional County Charter Law to the County executive form. The charter provides for a directly elected executive and a nine-member Board of Chosen Freeholders, responsible for legislation. The executive is elected to a four-year term and the freeholders are elected to staggered three-year terms, of which four are elected from the county on an at-large basis and five of the freeholders represent equally populated districts. [23] [24]

As of 2017, Atlantic County's Executive is Republican Dennis Levinson, whose term of office ends December 31, 2019. [25] Members of the Board of Chosen Freeholders are: [26] [27]

  • Chairman Frank D. Formica, Freeholder At-Large (R, 2018) [28]
  • Amy Gatto, Freeholder At-Large (R, 2019) [29]
  • James A. Bertino, Freeholder District 5, including Buena Borough, Buena Vista Township, Corbin City, Egg Harbor City, Estell Manor, Folsom, Hamilton Township (part), Hammonton, Mullica Township and Weymouth (R, 2018) [30]
  • John L. Carman, Freeholder District 3, including Egg Harbor Township (part) and Hamilton Township (part) (R, 2017) [31]
  • Ernest D. Coursey, Freeholder District 1, including Atlantic City (part), Egg Harbor Township (part) and Pleasantville (D, 2019) [32]
  • Richard Dase, Freeholder District 4, including Absecon, Brigantine, Galloway Township and Port Republic. ( R, 2019) [33]
  • Maureen Kern, Freeholder District 2, including Atlantic City (part), Egg Harbor Township (part), Linwood, Longport, Margate, Northfield, Somers Point and Ventnor (R, 2018) [34]
  • Alexander C. Marino, Freeholder At-Large (R, 2017) [35]
  • Vice Chairman John W. Risley, Freeholder At-Large (R, 2017) [36]

Constitutional officers are County Clerk Edward P. McGettigan (2021), [37] Sheriff Frank X. Balles (2017) [38] and Surrogate James Curcio (2020). [39] [40]

Atlantic County, along with Cape May County, is part of Vicinage 1 of New Jersey Superior Court. [41] Atlantic County has a civil courthouse in Atlantic City, while criminal cases are heard in May's Landing; the Assignment Judge for Vicinage 1 is the Honorable Julio L. Mendez. [42] [43]

Presidential Elections Results [44]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 44.6% 52,690 51.6% 60,924 3.8% 4,427
2012 41.0% 46,522 57.9% 65,600 1.1% 1,222
2008 41.9% 49,902 56.9% 67,830 1.3% 1,517
2004 46.6% 49,487 52.5% 55,746 0.8% 864
2000 39.1% 35,593 58.0% 52,880 2.9% 2,629
1996 35.3% 29,538 53.2% 44,434 11.5% 9,629
1992 38.0% 34,279 43.9% 39,633 18.2% 16,386
1988 56.3% 44,748 42.9% 34,047 0.8% 647
1984 59.3% 49,158 40.1% 33,240 0.6% 453
1980 49.8% 37,973 41.1% 31,286 9.1% 6,943
1976 45.6% 36,733 52.1% 41,965 2.4% 1,932
1972 59.5% 45,667 36.8% 28,203 3.7% 2,830
1968 42.2% 32,807 45.7% 35,581 12.1% 9,446
1964 32.9% 25,626 65.3% 50,945 1.9% 1,448
1960 50.9% 39,158 46.9% 36,129 2.2% 1,682
1956 65.7% 44,698 31.9% 21,668 2.5% 1,672
1952 58.0% 40,259 41.7% 28,953 0.2% 163
1948 54.4% 31,608 43.6% 25,313 2.0% 1,150
1944 46.7% 25,593 52.9% 28,972 0.4% 229
1940 45.7% 30,551 54.1% 36,155 0.1% 92
1936 38.2% 24,680 61.2% 39,605 0.6% 403
1932 51.9% 31,264 46.6% 28,071 1.5% 926
1928 66.0% 37,238 33.9% 19,152 0.1% 75
1924 73.6% 27,936 18.3% 6,937 8.1% 3,066
1920 76.6% 21,245 20.8% 5,753 2.6% 727
1916 62.9% 9,713 35.4% 5,467 1.7% 267
1912 31.7% 4,422 35.0% 4,885 33.3% 4,656
1908 63.7% 8,822 33.1% 4,578 3.2% 448
1904 70.4% 7,933 27.2% 3,064 2.4% 268
1900 67.7% 6,122 28.4% 2,566 4.0% 358

The 2nd Congressional District covers all of Atlantic County. [45] [46] New Jersey's Second Congressional District is represented by Frank LoBiondo ( R, Ventnor City). [47]

The county is part of the 1st, 2nd, 8th and 9th Districts in the New Jersey Legislature. [48] For the 2016–2017 session ( Senate, General Assembly), the 1st Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Jeff Van Drew ( D, Dennis Township) and in the General Assembly by Bob Andrzejczak (D, Middle Township) and R. Bruce Land (D, Vineland). [49] For the 2016–2017 session ( Senate, General Assembly), the 2nd Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Colin Bell ( D, Margate City) and in the General Assembly by Chris A. Brown ( R, Ventnor City) and Vince Mazzeo (D, Northfield). [50] Bell was sworn into office on October 5, 2017 to fill the seat of Jim Whelan, who had died in office on August 22, 2017. [51] For the 2016–2017 session ( Senate, General Assembly), the 8th Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Dawn Marie Addiego ( R, Evesham Township) and in the General Assembly by Maria Rodriguez-Gregg (R, Evesham Township) and Joe Howarth (R, Evesham Township). [52] For the 2016–2017 session ( Senate, General Assembly), the 9th Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Christopher J. Connors ( R, Lacey Township) and in the General Assembly by DiAnne Gove (R, Long Beach Township) and Brian E. Rumpf (R, Little Egg Harbor Township). [53]

Politics

In state and national elections, Atlantic County is a reliably Democratic county, in contrast to the other three counties on the Jersey Shore, Monmouth, Ocean, and Cape May Counties, which tend to lean heavily Republican.

As of October 31, 2014, there were a total of 171,490 registered voters in Atlantic County, of whom 50,536 (29.5%) were registered as Democrats, 41,695 (24.3%) were registered as Republicans and 79,135 (46.1%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 124 voters registered to other parties. [54] Among the county's 2010 Census population, 62.5% were registered to vote, including 76.7% of those ages 18 and over. [54] [55]

In the 2012 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 65,600 votes in the county (57.9%), ahead of Republican Mitt Romney with 46,522 votes (41.1%) and other candidates with 1,057 votes (0.9%), among the 113,231 ballots cast by the county's 172,204 registered voters, for a turnout of 65.8%. [56] [57] In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 67,830 votes in Atlantic County (56.5%), ahead of Republican John McCain with 49,902 votes (41.6%) and other candidates with 1,310 votes (1.1%), among the 120,074 ballots cast by the county's 176,316 registered voters, for a turnout of 68.1%. [58] In the 2004 presidential election, Democrat John Kerry received 55,746 votes (52.0%), ahead of Republican George W. Bush with 49,487 votes (46.2%%) and other candidates with 864 votes (0.8%), among the 107,187 ballots cast by the county's 153,496 registered voters, for a turnout of 69.8%. [59]

In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 43,975 votes in the county (60.0%), ahead of Democrat Barbara Buono with 25,557 votes (34.9%) and other candidates with 947 votes (1.3%), among the 73,258 ballots cast by the county's 176,696 registered voters, yielding a 41.5% turnout. [60] [61] In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 35,724 votes (47.7%), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 33,361 votes (44.5%), Independent Chris Daggett with 3,611 votes (4.8%) and other candidates with 913 votes (1.2%), among the 74,915 ballots cast by the county's 166,958 registered voters, yielding a 44.9% turnout. [62]

Municipalities

Index map of Atlantic County (click to see index key)

Municipalities in Atlantic County (with 2010 Census data for population, housing units and area) are: [63]

Municipality
(with map key)
Municipal
type
Population Housing
Units
Total
Area
Water
Area
Land
Area
Pop.
Density
Housing
Density
Communities [64]
Absecon (11) City 8,411 3,365 7.29 1.90 5.40 1558.8 623.6
Atlantic City (10) City 39,558 20,013 17.04 6.29 10.75 3680.8 1862.2
Brigantine (12) City 9,450 9,222 10.36 3.98 6.39 1479.5 1443.8
Buena (17) Borough 4,603 1,855 7.58 0.00 7.58 607.4 244.8
Buena Vista Township (18) Township 7,570 3,008 41.53 0.47 41.05 184.4 73.3 Collings Lakes CDP (1,706)
Richland
Corbin City (2) City 492 212 8.94 1.28 7.67 64.2 27.7
Egg Harbor City (14) City 4,243 1,736 11.44 0.51 10.93 388.1 158.8
Egg Harbor Township (21) Township 43,323 16,347 74.93 8.34 66.6 650.5 245.5 Jeffers Landing
Estell Manor (1) City 1,735 673 55.10 1.78 53.32 32.5 12.6
Folsom (16) Borough 1,885 717 8.44 0.24 8.2 229.8 87.4 Penny Pot
Galloway Township (22) Township 37,349 14,132 115.21 26.14 89.07 419.3 158.7 Pomona CDP (7,124)
Hamilton Township (20) Township 26,503 10,196 113.07 1.94 111.13 238.5 91.8 Mays Landing CDP (2,135)
Hammonton (15) Town 14,791 5,715 41.42 0.53 40.89 361.8 139.8 Dutchtown
Linwood (5) City 7,092 2,798 4.24 0.38 3.87 1834.9 723.9
Longport (4) Borough 895 1,656 1.56 1.17 0.39 2323.7 4299.4
Margate City (6) City 6,354 7,114 1.63 0.22 1.42 4490.3 5027.4
Mullica Township (23) Township 6,147 2,360 56.9 0.48 56.42 108.9 41.8 Elwood CDP (1,437)
Nesco
Northfield (7) City 8,624 3,260 3.44 0.04 3.40 2533.7 957.8
Pleasantville (9) City 20,249 7,219 7.30 1.60 5.69 3556.5 1267.9
Port Republic (13) City 1,115 444 8.58 1.10 7.48 149.0 59.3
Somers Point (3) City 10,795 5,556 5.16 1.13 4.03 2678.8 1378.7
Ventnor City (8) City 10,650 7,829 3.52 1.57 1.95 5457.4 4011.8
Weymouth Township (19) Township 2,715 1,220 12.45 0.36 12.09 224.6 100.9

Education

Institutions of higher education in Atlantic County include:

Transportation

Roads and highways

As of 2010, the county had a total of 1,930.77 miles (3,107.27 km) of roadways, of which 1,357.05 miles (2,183.96 km) were maintained by the local municipality, 372.63 miles (599.69 km) by Atlantic County and 143.50 miles (230.94 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation and 57.59 miles (92.68 km) by either the New Jersey Turnpike Authority or South Jersey Transportation Authority. [68]

Major roadways include the Garden State Parkway (with 21.5 miles (34.6 km) of roadway in the county), the Atlantic City Expressway (29.6 miles (47.6 km)), U.S. Route 9, U.S. Route 30, U.S. Route 40, U.S. Route 206 and U.S. Route 322, as well as Route 49, Route 50, Route 52, Route 54, Route 87 and Route 152. [69]

Public transportation

New Jersey Transit's Atlantic City Line connects the Atlantic City Rail Terminal in Atlantic City with the 30th Street Station in Philadelphia, with service at intermediate stations at Hammonton, Egg Harbor City and Absecon in the county. [70] [71]

Climate and weather

Mays Landing, New Jersey
Climate chart ( explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
3.2
 
 
41
24
 
 
3
 
 
44
27
 
 
4.2
 
 
52
33
 
 
3.6
 
 
62
42
 
 
3.4
 
 
71
51
 
 
3.1
 
 
81
61
 
 
3.7
 
 
86
67
 
 
4.1
 
 
84
65
 
 
3.2
 
 
77
57
 
 
3.4
 
 
67
46
 
 
3.3
 
 
56
37
 
 
3.7
 
 
46
28
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel [72]

In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Mays Landing have ranged from a low of 24 °F (−4 °C) in January to a high of 86 °F (30 °C) in July, although a record low of −11 °F (−24 °C) was recorded in February 1979 and a record high of 106 °F (41 °C) was recorded in June 1969. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.99 inches (76 mm) in February to 4.21 inches (107 mm) in March.[ dead link] [72]

Wineries


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