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Sir William Schooling KBE FRAS FSS (16 December 1860 – 18 February 1936) was a British expert on insurance and statistics. He was named a CBE in the 1918 Birthday Honours and a KBE in 1920 for his work with the War Savings Committee. [1]

Schooling was the editor of Bourne's Directory, a listing of British insurance companies, and the author of several books on insurance [2] and on the history of the Hudson's Bay Company. [3]

With Mark Barr, he also did pioneering work on the mathematics of the golden ratio. [4]


  1. ^ "Sir William Schooling", Obituary Notices, Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 97 (4): 280–281, 1937, Bibcode: 1937MNRAS..97R.280., doi: 10.1093/mnras/97.4.280a.
  2. ^ The Forester, vol. 23 (1902), p. 13.
  3. ^ Simmons, Deidre (2007), Keepers of the Record: The History of the Hudson's Bay Company Archives, McGill-Queen's Press, p. 7, ISBN  9780773560499.
  4. ^ Cook, Theodore Andrea (1914), The Curves of Life: Being an Account of Spiral Formations and Their Application to Growth in Nature, to Science and to Art: with the special reference to the manuscripts of Leonardo da Vinci, London: Constable, p. ix, ISBN  9780486237015.