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Some Wikipedians have formed a project to better organize information in articles related to Game theory. This page and its subpages contain their suggestions; it is hoped that this project will help to focus the efforts of other Wikipedians. If you would like to help, please inquire on the talk page and see the to-do list there.

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This project is designed to coordinate efforts on Wikipedia pages pertaining to Game theory. This is an interdisciplinary study encompassing Mathematics, Economics, Political science, Psychology, Biology, Computer science and Philosophy. All participants are welcome!

Related WikiProjects and Portals

Since game theory is used by many different disciplines, it is related to many different WikiProjects. Ones with whom we have overlapping interest include:


Please contribute to the discussion on whether Battle of the Sexes (BoS) should be changed to Bach or Stravinsky. There are comments regarding depiction of gender stereotypes and spousal abuse in the current presentation. There is no academic difference between the two presentations. ( talk) 04:02, 20 June 2020 (UTC) Reply reply

My name is Miko Filppula and I am the author for "formal precommitment mechanism" also known as prefunding algorithm.

Shubik. M Journal of Conflict Resolution, Volume 15, Issue 1, Page 110, “If there is no formal mechanism for precommitment, we would need to specify the degree of belief of the other bidders in order to check upon the stability of the market.

According to Dr. Martin Shubik the grandfather of bidding-fee-auction method. Prefunding, formal precommitment mechanism was the original way of doing business in 1971. It was considered commonsense knowledge in 1971 that auction needed to have atleast 2 or more precommitted bidders before the decision to initiate an auction was made.

  • My name is Adam Kalai and I am a professor at Georgia Tech. I am teaching a graduate class in Game Theory. As part of the final, I have asked each student to create/improve a Wikipedia entry on game theory. I hope they have done a good job! 4 May, 2004.
  • I have nominated List of games in game theory for a featured list. Unfortunately, not many people want to review it. Would people involved in this project mind chiming in one way or another? --best, kevin kzollman][ talk 03:13, 4 October 2006 (UTC) Reply reply
  • I am working on material for an undergraduate course on decision theory and game theory that develops the math as needed through actual problems encountered in applications throughout the social sciences. When it fills out, it's to be suitable for an audience without a social science background and little math background, up to upper level econ students who use game theory as a primary tool. (My actual class requires one calc class.) Look at the evolving wiki Self Interest and Social Behavior [1] and contribute if you wish. (As a guest, add "— Your Name" at the end of any page that you modify.) Dan Alger 13 June 2006
  • Our article Game theory has now joined Prisoner's dilemma and Rock, Paper, Scissors as a Featured Article. Congrats everyone! --best, kevin kzollman][ talk 16:10, 6 December 2005 (UTC) Reply reply
*high five* good work Kevin. Pete.Hurd 16:23, 6 December 2005 (UTC) Reply reply
Wow! They even beat out Deep Throat and Masturbation! *shakes head in disbelief* today... Pete.Hurd 02:24, 19 October 2005 (UTC) Reply reply


To add yourself to the list of project participants, go to the list of WikiProject Game theory participants.

Code Result
{{ Template:User interest game theory}}
Game theory schwimmbad kino.svgThis user is interested in
Game theory.
{{ Template:User WP Game theory}}
Game theory schwimmbad kino.svgThis user actively participates in
WikiProject Game theory
{{ Template:User WikiProject Game theory}}
Signaling Game.svgThis user is a member of the
WikiProject Game theory.

Tasks has a very nice collection of class notes and a dictionary. If you don't know the area offhand but want to learn this is a great way. Also, most economic publications are distributed on the web long before they ever reach publication. A Google Scholar search will produce lots of papers (although they may be hard to understand in some cases).

Please add a task to this list. If needed explain what you think needs to be done.

Articles to create

Some of these may just need to be redirected.

  1. Adaptive learning
  2. Bargaining set
  3. Bidder's choice Auction
  4. Bidding increment
  5. Button auction
  6. Cardinal payoffs
  7. Combinatorial auction
  8. Combinatorial bid
  9. Conjectural equilibrium
  10. Cournot learning/ Cournot dynamics/ Cournot updating (should this just redirect to best response? No yet, Topic needs writing up either way Pete.Hurd 17:02, 19 October 2005 (UTC)) Reply reply
  11. Equilibrium refinements (e.g.: Intuitive criterion, Forward induction) (Ch 8 & 11 in Fudenberg & Tirole), Limit ESS (Selten)
  12. Farsightedness - disambig, no game theory. need Farsightedness (game theory)
  13. First price auction
  14. Generic payoff
  15. Hicks optimal
  16. Largest consistent set
  17. Minimum bid
  18. Multicomponent Attrition Game-Different from War of Attrition, this game amounts to a series of rounds with rock-paper-scissors style matrix, with the loser being penalized by a loss of options/resources in further rounds.
  19. Network stability
  20. Nucleolus
  21. Ordinal payoffs
  22. Pareto coordination game → include in Coordination game | Done, redirect set. ~ trialsanderrors 19:48, 5 January 2007 (UTC) Reply reply
  23. Pareto dominated (redirect to pareto optimal, and add a sentence there?)
  24. Pooling equilibrium (discussed on pg 238 of Osborne & Rubenstein, see also Gibbons 1992)
  25. Potential game → Created ~ trialsanderrors 08:54, 9 February 2007 (UTC) Reply reply
  26. Power measure
  27. Prefunded bidding fee auction
  28. Principal agent/ Principal agent model
  29. Proxy bidder
  30. Public good game → should this redirect to Public goods game?
  31. Pure coordination game → include in Coordination game
  32. Risk dominance/ Risk dominant equilibrium → include in Stag hunt (see pp 20-21 Fudenberg & Tirole) Created ~ trialsanderrors 08:54, 9 February 2007 (UTC) Reply reply
  33. Schedule bid
  34. Sequential equilibrium (defined on pg 225 of Osborne & Rubenstein, sect 8.3 in Fudenberg & Tirole)). I've created this page, Bromille 09:56, 31 May 2006 (UTC). Reply reply
  35. Separating equilibrium (discussed on pg 238 of Osborne & Rubenstein, see also Gibbons 1992)
  36. Simultaneous game/ Static game
  37. Static game (see Gibbons 1992 pp 1-2 & 143-144, )
  38. Stationary Bayesian learning/ Stationary Bayesian learning dynamics
  39. Strategic move
  40. Threat point
  41. Variable sum game - I think this is a `rest' class that does not deserve a page Koczy 16:12, 30 July 2007 (UTC) Reply reply
  42. Volunteer's dilemma (redirect to chicken, and add a sentence there?)

Stubs to expand

(a good place to get started if you want to help but don't have a definite idea of how)

  1. Ambiguity aversion -- 1diot 21:12, 14 April 2006 (UTC) Reply reply
  2. Asynchrony (game theory) --Created a stub from the above ATC list. Now needs major expansion from experts. Aroundthewayboy ( talk) 19:42, 13 July 2019 (UTC) Reply reply
  3. Auction theory
  4. Bishop-Cannings theorem (ultra-stubby Pete.Hurd 06:45, 15 November 2005 (UTC)) Reply reply
  5. Discriminatory price auction
  6. Evolutionarily stable state: now a stub, but maybe it's done Pete.Hurd 17:02, 19 October 2005 (UTC) Reply reply
  7. Multiunit auction
  8. Precommitment - needs a lot of help. Remember 13:12, 24 September 2007 (UTC) Reply reply
  9. Quantal response equilibrium - stub, and not quite correct Cretog8 ( talk) 03:48, 22 May 2008 (UTC) Reply reply
  10. Repeated game --best, kevin KZOLLMAN/ TALK 17:06, 16 November 2005 (UTC) Reply reply
  11. Revelation principle
  12. Sealed bid auction
  13. Self-confirming equilibrium
  14. Uncorrelated asymmetry: longish stub, maybe it's done Pete.Hurd 17:02, 19 October 2005 (UTC) Reply reply
  15. Uniform price auction
  16. War of attrition (game): Needs explicit formulation, proof of ESS Pete.Hurd 16:29, 15 November 2005 (UTC) Reply reply

Articles to modify

  • Complete information needs better references, and probably has a lot of text that needs to be re-written. The article may even need to be deleted altogether if it is found to be redundant with (or not distinctly different from) Perfect information.
  • Perfect information The core definition at the top of the page seems inconsistent with the definition. I made a comment on the talk page a few months ago. It states that for perfect information "all players know all moves that have taken place" but this would mean that any card game would be a game of perfect information. Can someone please confirm that this is either right or wrong. Tetron76 ( talk) 14:44, 19 February 2011 (UTC) Reply reply
I have modified the one sentence definition to be consistant with the usage in games, the rest of the article and other sources but did not find a direct source to quote. Tetron76 ( talk) 11:27, 23 February 2011 (UTC) Reply reply

Standardization issues

  • We currently use many different articles when referring to "rational actors" or "behaving rationally". We have a stub perfect rationality, but this might be better served as a redirect for homo economicus. Discuss on the talk page.

Ratings and Assessments

Please help us clean out Category:Unassessed game theory articles and Category:Unrated game theory articles. For assessments see Wikipedia:Version 1.0 Editorial Team/Assessment for a description of what they mean. For the importance ratings, please use the following scale:

  • Top: articles which the general public might be interested in (i.e. game theory, nash equilibrium, and prisoner's dilemma)
  • High: articles which might occur in an undergraduate class (e.g. ultimatum game, best response, subgame perfect equilibrium, etc.)
  • Mid: articles which would occur in any graduate course (e.g. fictitious play, rationalizability, common knowledge)
  • Low: everything else

The ratings are done using parameters to the {{ GameTheoryProject}} (which appears on the talk page of relevant articles). Please see its page for instructions.

Are there perhaps statistics available on how often a page is viewed in Wikipedia? That should help us to set priorities. Koczy 17:28, 1 August 2007 (UTC) Reply reply
Hmmm, I remember Kevin digging up some page listing most visited pages on WP once, and having some GT page high up on the list. But I also remember the list being really stale, and not looking like it was updated. Beyond that I don't know, but it sure does seem like a good idea for prioritizing effort. Pete.Hurd 17:55, 1 August 2007 (UTC) Reply reply


{{ Infobox equilibrium}}

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WikiProject Game theory (Rated NA-class)
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{{ Game theory}}

Opera Football
Opera 3,2 1,1
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Battle of the Sexes 2

{{ Payoff matrix}}

Stub templates

Currently stubs are marked with {{ gametheory-stub}}, and if necessary with {{ econ-stub}} and sometimes {{ math-stub}}


Wikipedia articles on Game theory

Maintaining a complete list would be far too hard and not terribly useful. All of our pages will appear in Category:Game theory. Also, a list of pages that use the above template can be found here. The main article is: Game theory.


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