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Rice Leaders of the World Association, founded by
Elwood Ernest Rice and described in the 18-page booklet On Business Integrity, published 1914, archived here
. The association had an advanced rooftop animated electric display in New York in 1910, in itself of technological history interest, discussed in a video here
 and a topic of a number of articles at the time (see video).
Xaxis, founded in 2011, part of WPP and GroupM, largest programmatic services specialist in the world. On December 3, 2013, Xaxis merged with WPP sister company 24/7 Media, a digital-marketing technology company. The merger was finalized January 21, 2014. Less than 3 weeks after the merger, Xaxis acquired Bannerconnect, a media trading firm based in the Netherlands. Bannerconnect specialises in providing infrastructure and services for digital media trading to publishers, advertisers and media agencies..On March 30, 2015 Xaxis acquired the mobile ad-tech startup Action Exchange, Inc. (“ActionX”), a mobile performance-based marketing business with an e-commerce orientation in the United States.  On October 13, 2016, Xaxis acquired ecommerce ad tech business, Triad Retail Media. Triad handled media sales for major ecommerce sites, including those operated by Walmart, Sam's Club, eBay, StubHub, Staples and Toys R Us.. Triad was later sold by WPP to Sam's Club in April 2020. 
Requests for articles about notable for-profit companies are on a separate page, and should be added there.
DIT-MCO International DIT-MCO designs, manufactures and sells automated electrical testing equipment and related connector systems, adapter cables, wire harnesses and software. Products are sold primarily to manufacturers and suppliers in the aerospace and defense industries, to military customers and to companies engaged in rail transportation (to a limited degree). DIT-MCO offers services worldwide and offers sales/support in Europe. Also, they have distributors in 15 countries. DIT-MCO has a 74 year history and has been a part of a number of important projects throughout United States history. You can find the interesting backstory
Canada's Best Managed Companies – A program operated by
Deloitte which has been operating for many years (previously as "Canada's 50 Best Managed Companies"). Very little written about it but many Canadian companies subscribing. Not clear what criteria are used to determine success in the program.
Economic Batch Quantity – Formula involved in inventory management used for calculating reorder quanitity in batch production systems.
PM Consulting – PM Consulting, 24 Balmoral Crescent, North Bay ON P1A 4H4, 705-482-0467 – Media Marketing and Management Company, strategic planning for small to medium size businesses.
Connectivity Integrator (Develop integrated solutions for telecom, network, data center and cloud technologies; often assist throughout the lifecycle of solutions, from design to implementation to service management.)
Chain-Ladder Method Very prominent actuarial loss reserving method in property/casualty and health insurance fields. Looks at historical loss development to estimate how much claims will increase over time.
Business Meal A meal scheduled for the express purpose of improving business relations between two entities and making business deals. There is already an article on three martini lunch, but it focuses more on the concept of businessmen leisurely drinking alcohol during lunch.
Central States Pension Fund (often shortened to Central States). Though about twenty articles mention the fund and the scandal which surrounded it in the 1970s, there is no article on the fund or the scandal. Thirty-seven articles, as of 7 May 2016, include the phrase "Central States Pension Fund", and it is in the headlines, but there is no article.
ClassifEYE, intended as need help with Baadder Food Machinery's "ClassifEYE" (not to be confused with "ClassifEye").
Liberty (tax avoidance scheme), promoted to high earners by Mercury Tax Group and used by many UK celebrities until it was shut down by HMRC in 2017, involved a limited partnership that was registered in Jersey and was claiming to carry out trade in the UK. Each of the users of the scheme contributed a sum which was used, with a large bank loan, to acquire rights to dividends declared by a company registered in the Cayman Islands.
Interrogações sobre o capitalismo na atualidade – trabalho e capital, economia e política. In: Galvão, A. et al. Marxismo e socialismo no século 21. Campinas, Ed. da Unicamp/IFCH: Xamã, 2005, pp. 167-196.
VIANNA FRANCO, M.P. ; MISSEMER, A. . A History of Ecological Economic Thought. 1. ed. London: Routledge, 2022. 208p .
FRANCO, M. P. V. . Essays on the History and Philosophy of Ecological Economic Thought. Belo Horizonte: CEDEPLAR/UFMG, 2019
FRANCO, M. P. V. . Searching for a Scientific Paradigm in Ecological Economics: The History of Ecological Economic Thought, 1880s-1930s. ECOLOGICAL ECONOMICS , v. 153, p. 195-203, 2018.
VIANNA FRANCO, MARCO P. . Ecological Utopianism in Narodnik Thought: Nikolay Chernyshevsky and the Redemption of Land. Capitalism, Nature, Socialism: a journal of socialist ecology , v. 32, p. 1-19, 2020.
Hilferding, Rudolf (2006 ), Finance Capital: A Study in the Latest Phase of Capitalist Development, ed. with an introduction by Tom Bottomore, trans. Morris Watnick and Sam Gordon, London: Routledge
Marois, Thomas (2011), “Emerging market bank rescues in an era of finance-led neoliberalism: A comparison of Mexico and Turkey.” Review of International Political Economy, 18 (2). pp. 168-196; Mandel, Ernest (1978). El capitalismo tardío, ERA, México;
Veltmeyer, H. and J. Petras (2012), “The Natural Resource Dynamics of Post-Neoliberalism in Latin America: New Developmentalism or Canadian Extractivist Imperialism?” Paper prepared for ACAS, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de Honduras, Tegucigalpa, 27 al 31 de agosto. Veltmeyer, H. and J. Petras (2014).
The New Extractivism in Latin America. London: Zed Books. E. K. Hunt, History of Economic Thought: A Critical Perspective, New York and London, M.E. Sharpe 2002, p. 282.
RADOMSKY, G. F.; LEAL, O. F. From the production of rules to seed production: Global Intellectual Property and local knowledge. Vibrant: Virtual Brazilian Anthropology, v. 9, n. 1, p. 451-472, 2012.
JENSEN, C. B.; RÖDJE, K. (orgs.). Deleuzian Intersections: Science, Technology, Anthropology. Oxford: Berghahn Booksed, 2010
MARTIN, E. Anthropology and the Cultural Study of Science. Science, Technology and Human Values, v. 23, n. 1, p. 24-44, 1998.
Ecumenismo y comunismo. Paralelismos y diferencias de las trayectorias de militancia en los autores de la Revista Paz e Terra (Brasil, 1966-1969) DOI: 10.5007/1518-2924.2017v22n50p223
Paredes, A. (2017). Ecumenismo y comunismo. Paralelismos y diferencias de las trayectorias de militancia en los autores de la Revista Paz e Terra (Brasil, 1966-1969). Encontros Bibli: Revista Eletrônica de Biblioteconomia e Ciência Da Informação, 22(50), 223. doi:10.5007/1518-2924.2017v22n50p223
Kinzo, M. D. G. (1991). N. Patrick Peritore, Socialism, Communism, and Liberation Theology in Brazil: An Opinion Survey Using Q-Methodology (Athens, Ohio: Ohio University Press, 1990), pp. xviii + 245, $15.00 (pb only). Journal of Latin American Studies, 23(03), 673. doi:10.1017/s0022216x00016102
POWER, M. (2015). Who but a Woman? The Transnational Diffusion of Anti-Communism among Conservative Women in Brazil, Chile and the United States during the Cold War. Journal of Latin American Studies, 47(01), 93–119. doi:10.1017/s0022216x14001461
Camacho, J. A. (1958). Communist Infiltration in Guatemala, Communism in Latin America, The Mexican Government Today, The Growth and Culture of Latin America and Village and Plantation Life in Northeastern Brazil. International Affairs, 34(2), 267–269. doi:10.2307/2606826
Socialism, Communism, and Liberation Theology in Brazil: An Opinion Survey Using Q-Methodology by N. PATRICK PETITORE. Review by: RODERICK J. BARMAN. Canadian Journal of Latin American and Caribbean Studies / Revue canadienne des études latino-américaines et caraïbes, Vol. 16, No. 32 (1991), pp. 122-124. Published by: University of Calgary Press on behalf of Canadian Association of Latin American and Caribbean Studies. Stable URL:
Perspectives on Communism in Brazil. Anarchists and Communists in Brazil, 1900-1935. by John W. F. Dulles; The Brazilian Communist Party: Conflict and Integration, 1922-1972. by Ronald H. Chilcote. Review by: Rollie E. Poppino Latin American Research Review, Vol. 13, No. 1 (1978), pp. 267-270 Published by: The Latin American Studies Association. Stable URL:
http://www.jstor.org/stable/2502660 Accessed: 15/06/2014 13:17
De-industrialisation of India India went through significant de-industrialisation between 1750-1947; The reasons for de-industrialisation of India consists of political turmoil, droughts, and banning productions in various regions of India.
Signal-jamming (economics) – Explained core principles – article including examples: Fudenberg, D. & Tirole, J. (1986) – A signal-jamming theory of predation, Rand Journal of Economics, 17, pp. 366–376
Per Anders Rudling. "Memories of 'Holodomor' and National Socialism in Ukrainian Political Culture," in Yves Bizeul (ed.), Rekonstruktion des Nationalmythos?: Frankreich, Deutschland und die Ukraine im Vergleich (Göttingen: Vandenhoek & Ruprecht Verlag, 2013
Cohen, E., & Gómez, A. (2008). INDIGENCE AND THE INFORMAL SECTOR: A MODEL FOR UNDERSTANDING THE ECONOMIC LOGIC UNDERLYING URBAN DOMESTIC UNITS IN CHILE. The Latin Americanist, 49(1), 91–123. doi:10.1111/j.1557-203x.2005.tb00066.x
Schwartz, M. (2000). Journal of Regulatory Economics, 18(3), 247–288. doi:10.1023/a:1008155020908
Dill, L. M., & Gillett, J. F. (1991). The economic logic of barnacle Balanus glandula (Darwin) hiding behavior. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 153(1), 115–127. doi:10.1016/s0022-0981(05)80010-3
Mikesell, J. L. (1992). State Sales Tax Policy in a Changing Economy: Balancing Political and Economic Logic Against Revenue Needs. Public Budgeting & Finance, 12(1), 83–91. doi:10.1111/1540-5850.00931
Mikesell, J. L. (1978). Government Decisions in Budgeting and Taxing: The Economic Logic. Public Administration Review, 38(6), 511. doi:10.2307/976029
Pyle, W. (2006). Collective action and post-communist enterprise: The economic logic of Russia’s business associations. Europe-Asia Studies, 58(4), 491–521. doi:10.1080/09668130600652068
Bygballe, L. E., Håkansson, H., & Jahre, M. (2013). A critical discussion of models for conceptualizing the economic logic of construction. Construction Management and Economics, 31(2), 104–118. doi:10.1080/01446193.2012.745645
Chalsty, D. (1999). The Economic Logic of Copyright. Legal Reference Services Quarterly, 17(1-2), 145–159. doi:10.1300/j113v17n01_09
Kung, J. K.-S., & Bai, Y. (2011). Induced Institutional Change or Transaction Costs? The Economic Logic of Land Reallocations in Chinese Agriculture. Journal of Development Studies, 47(10), 1510–1528. doi:10.1080/00220388.2010.5069
Mckay, D. (2005). Economic logic or political logic? Economic theory, federal theory and EMU. Journal of European Public Policy, 12(3), 528–544. doi:10.1080/13501760500091810
Held, M., & Nutzinger, H. G. (1998). Nonstop Acceleration. Time & Society, 7(2-3), 209–221. doi:10.1177/0961463x9800700200
Bernhard, R. H. (1990). Improving the Economic Logic Underlying Replacement Age Decisions for Municipal Garbage Trucks: Case Study. The Engineering Economist, 35(2), 129–147. doi:10.1080/00137919008903010
Van Ginkel, R. (2014). A Texel fishing lineage: the social dynamic and economic logic of family firms. Maritime Studies, 13(1). doi:10.1186/s40152-014-0010-9
Dutheil, A., Tester, F., & Konek, J. (2013). Unequal exchange: western economic logic and Inuit/Qablunaat research relationships. Polar Record, 51(02), 140–150. doi:10.1017/s0032247413000673
Wickham, C. (2008). Productive Forces and the Economic Logic of the Feudal Mode of Production. Historical Materialism, 16(2), 3–22. doi:10.1163/156920608x296051
Simchi-Levi, D., Chen, X., & Bramel, J. (2013). Economic Lot Size Models with Constant Demands. Springer Series in Operations Research and Financial Engineering, 117–136. doi:10.1007/978-1-4614-9149-1_7
Bornschier, V., Herkenrath, M., & Ziltener, P. (2004). Political and economic logic of western european integration A study of convergence comparing member and non-member states, 1980–98. European Societies, 6(1), 71–96. doi:10.1080/1461669032000176323
Feldman, M. (2012). The Economic Logic of U.S. Science. Science, 335(6073), 1171–1171. doi:10.1126/science.1217823
HIRSHLEIFER, J. (1993). The Affections and the Passions. Rationality and Society, 5(2), 185–202. doi:10.1177/1043463193005002004
Himmelstein, D. U., & Woolhandler, S. (2007). Massachusetts’ Approach to Universal Coverage: High Hopes and Faulty Economic Logic. International Journal of Health Services, 37(2), 251–257. doi:10.2190/q81u-215k-6570-5121
BREINER, P. (1995). The Political Logic of Economics and the Economic Logic of Modernity in Max Weber. Political Theory, 23(1), 25–47. doi:10.1177/009059179502300100
George Abed –
Institute of International Finance Senior Counselor and Director for Africa & the Middle East. Former Chairman of the
Palestine Monetary Authority, where he was responsible for developing and implementing a comprehensive plan to restructure the PMA in preparation for transforming the institution into a full fledged central bank and for reforming and strengthening the banking system in Palestine
. Previously, Mr. Abed had served as Director of the Middle East and Central Asia Department of the
International Monetary Fund and Special Advisor to the Managing Director. Prior to taking up that position, he served as Deputy Director of the IMF’s Fiscal Affairs Department
. Other references:
Dennis R. Appleyard – Chair Department of Economics at Davidson college, Main Author of the International Economics (6th Edition) McGrawHill Inc. Received UNC-Chapel Hill's Tanner Award for "Excellence in Inspirational Teaching of Undergraduate Students" in 1983 and Davidson's Thomas Jefferson Award for teaching and service in 2004;
Dany Bahar (economist)d:Q27892374 – Venezuelan and Israeli economist. Focus areas are international economics and economic development. David M Rubenstein Fellow at the Brookings Instituion and associate at Harvard Center for International Development.
David Besankod:Q30072109 – Alivn J. Huss Professor of Management and Strategy; author of multiple economics text books; Editorial Board, Review of Industrial Organization; Editorial Board, Journal of Regulatory Economics;
Paul Bledsoe – Strategic advisor and energy fellow at the Progressive Policy Institute. Served in the Clinton administration as the director of communications for the White House Climate Change Task Force and on the staff of the Senate Finance Committee;
Bruce Boissonnault – Faculty at Northwestern University's Kellogg Graduate School and founding publisher of www.myHealthFinder.com.
Katrina Ellis – Head of Research at Australian Prudential Reglatory Authority, PhD at Cornell University, Fulbright scholarship alumni. Worked with
Maureen O'Hara on "When the Underwriter is the Market Maker: An Examination of Trading in the IPO Aftermarket"
Robin Brooks (economist) –
Institute of International Finance Mr. Brooks serves as Managing Director and Chief Economist, overseeing the IIF’s macroeconomic analysis and serves as part of the IIF’s senior management team. Previously, Mr. Brooks was the Chief FX Strategist at Goldman Sachs based in NY, where he was responsible for the firm’s foreign exchange forecasts and publishing international macro research. Prior to joining Goldman, Mr. Brooks was the FX strategist at Brevan Howard. Before joining the private sector, Mr. Brooks spent eight years as an economist at the International Monetary Fund, where he worked on the IMF’s fair value models for FX, published academic research and participated in missions to IMF program countries. Mr. Brooks earned his PhD in Economics from Yale University in 1998. He earned a BSc in Monetary Economics from the London School of Economics in 1993.
John William Hatfield – PhD economics, Stanford, 2005; currently at Stanford Graduate School of Business.
Henry T. C. Hu – Allan Shivers Chair in the Law of Banking and Finance at the University of Texas Law School; appointed by U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission Chairman Mary L. Schapiro as the inaugural Director of the SEC's Division of Risk, Strategy, and Financial Innovation (2009-2011).
Kamiar Mohaddes – Macroeconomist at Cambridge Judge Business School at the University of Cambridge and Fellow in Economics at King's College, Cambridge. Executive Secretary for the International Iranian Economic Association.
Sam I. Nakagama Former chief economist at various times for Chase, Kidder Peabody, and Argus Research; WWII camp internee; WWII army veteran; graduate University of Chicago; Milton Friedman student.
Agibank – A digital bank and tech startup that uses the phone number as a bank account.
AirGap - (A free self-custody cold storage crypto wallet that securely stores private keys offline.) (
Akirix – A service that provides a secure way of transferring money from company to company.
Alliance One – An ATM cooperative network for credit unions and community banks similar to the
Co-op Network. Both networks may have overlapping memberships, but not all credit unions are members of both ATM networks.
California Mortgage Association - California nonprofit organization, formed in 1999, that represents individuals, sole proprietorships, corporations and partnerships involved with the origination, selling, or servicing of trust deed loans. Members include those regulated by the Bureau of Real Estate (BRE) and by the Department of Business Oversight (DBO). In addition to California licensed mortgage brokers and lenders, CMA also represents affiliate members, including title, escrow and software services, among others.
Cinium Financial – holding company; provides insurance and financial-related products and services to small an medium businesses; subsidiaries include a licensed and admitted property and casualty insurance company (upper hudson national insurance company), licensed insurance agency (cinium underwriter services group dba OxBonding), risk management group (cinium risk management), a company that provides payroll services (ox payroll), and a company that provides financing and working capital to small businesses (cinium finance corp).
Coficom Trust S.à r.l. – [
 provides expert tax structuring advice and important information on double-tax treaties and changes in law, specifically in Luxembourg.]
Conference of State Bank Supervisors (CSBS) - A national organization founded in 1902, dedicated to protecting and advancing the nation’s dual-banking system. The NMLS is owned and operated by the State Regulatory Registry LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of CSBS.
FINIPC Financial Interprocess Communication message format
Gobi Partners - Gobi Partners is one of the longest-standing venture capital firms with a Pan-Asian presence across North Asia, South Asia, and ASEAN with over US$1.1 billion in assets under management (AUM). The firm, headquartered in Kuala Lumpur and Shanghai, supports entrepreneurs from the early to growth stages and focuses on emerging and underserved markets. 
Internet finance in China - Internet finance services in China such as P2P, third-part lending, and online investment funds have increased in recent years, China has biggest internet finance industry; scandals and frauds related to internet finance in China; and regulatory framework and policies.
Kasasa cash – some sort of financial tool or alternative currency being used by smaller banks.
KCRise Fund – A venture capital firm based in
Kansas City that focuses on investing in emerging business in and around the
Kansas City metropolitan area.
 KCRise Fund is the most active venture capital fund in the state of Kansas
 and, with $60 million in assets under management, is the largest Midwest-based venture capital firm founded solely by a woman.
Mlhuillier Financial Services – One of largest Financial Services Company in the Philippines offering Quick Cash Loans, Money Transfer Services (Domestic & International), Bills Payment and other services.
Named order – a type of order on the London Stock Exchange, not allowed for all financial instruments. An explanation is needed by someone familiar with the subject.
Neal Analytics(A B2B consulting company focused on AI, data science, and cloud technology. Founded in 2011, headquarters is in Bellevue, Washington. Currently over 200 employees across several countries. Serving the United States, Canada, and India. Gold Partner with Microsoft.)(
Novantas, Inc. – An international banking analytics and advisory services firm with locations in New York, Chicago, Toronto and others. A FinTech 100 firm
Ox Bonding – national leader in credit and bonding services. The Contractor Credit Program (CCP) provides A.M. Best A− rated Bid, Payment and Performance bonds to contractors as well as working capital advances, payroll processing and other services designed to support their client’s needs. In addition to the CCP program, they offer traditional commercial surety bonds to the millions of American business that are required to post a bond under the terms of their licenses
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Paytron – an Australian financial software company that specializes in payments online. Offering a global payments platform that simplifies the way businesses and accountants can manage their transactions from start to end. The Saas tool simplifies accounts payables, international transfers, payroll payments and approval workflows. Paytron currently integrates with additional accounting, financial and payroll software companies including Xero and KeyPay while MYOB Advanced and Netsuite are coming soon. Paytron was co-founded in Sydney Australia by Francois Henrion and Jaco Veldsman.
Regulation H – Membership of State Banking Institutions in the Federal Reserve System
Defines the requirements for membership of state-chartered banks in the Federal Reserve System; sets limitations on certain investments and requirements for certain types of loans; describes rules pertaining to securities-related activities; establishes the minimum ratios of capital to assets that banks must maintain and procedures for prompt corrective action when banks are not adequately capitalized; prescribes real estate lending and appraisal standards; sets out requirements concerning bank security procedures, suspicious-activity reports, and compliance with the Bank Secrecy Act; and establishes rules governing banks' ownership or control of financial subsidiaries;
Republic (Investment Platform) – Republic is a financial technology firm headquartered in New York City focused on expanding access to the private markets. Republic operates several distinct business lines including a retail investment platform, a private capital division, and a blockchain advisory practice. Republic was founded by Kendrick Nguyen in 2016 as a spinout of AngelList, an angel investing website.
 History: Republic was founded in 2016 after the passing of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission enacted Title III of the JOBS Act, which allowed non-accredited investors to participate in funding rounds for startups.
 After spinning out of AngelList in 2016, Republic opened up investing in startups to retail investors with minimums of $20-$50.
 In April 2020, Republic acquired Fig, a crowdfunding platform for games, to add video game investing to their platform.
 In June 2020, Republic acquired Compound, a real estate investment platform, to add real estate investing to its platform.
 In November 2020, Republic acquired NextSeed, a local business debt-financing platform, to add main street investing to their platform.
 On March 15th, 2021, Gumroad, a startup helping creators sell their work, took advantage of a regulation passed on that same day that allowed companies to raise up to $5M from crowdfunding. Gumroad became the first company in history to raise the $5M and sold out within 12 hours of launching.
 On March 17th, 2021, Republic announced their $36M Series A funding round led by Galaxy Interactive, a division of Mike Novogratz's Galaxy Digital with participation from Tribe Capital, Motley Fool Ventures, and Broadhaven Ventures.
 On October 13th 2021, Republic launched a $60M Crypto Seed Fund.
 On October 19th, 2021, Republic announced a $150M Series B round led by Valor Equity Partners with new backers like Pillar VC, Brevan Howard, GoldenTree, and Atreides.
 In November 2021, Republic helped Chingari, India’s short-form video app, launch the GARI token and raised $40M within 24 hours of the live sale.
 On December 1, 2021, Republic announced its plan to acquire UK equity crowdfunding business Seedrs in a $100 million deal to expand into Europe.
Rune.Game - Rune is a dark fantasy role playing game (RPG). Play and earn runes. Use runes to craft gear (NFTs) that can be used to make your character more powerful. Earn crypto in this addicting game by raiding farms, crafting, lending, trading unique gear, and battling other players, guilds, and AI for victory. We're taking this game to Virtual Reality MMORPG in 2022
^Bagchi, Amiya Kumar (23 November 2007). "De‐industrialization in India in the nineteenth century: Some theoretical implications". The Journal of Development Studies. 12 (2): 135–164.