The University of Ibadan (UI) is a
public research university in
Ibadan, Nigeria. The university was founded in 1948 as University College Ibadan, one of many colleges within the
University of London. It became an independent university in 1962 and is the oldest degree-awarding institution in
Nigeria. Through its graduate network, the University of Ibadan has contributed to the political, industrial, economic and cultural development of
Nigeria. The history and influence of the University of Ibadan have made it one of the most prestigious universities in
The University of Ibadan is made up of 92 academic departments organized into 17 faculties, namely Arts, Science, Basic Medical Sciences,
Clinical Sciences, Agriculture, the Social Sciences, Education, Veterinary Medicine, Pharmacy, Technology, Law, Public Health, Dentistry, Economics and Management Sciences, Renewable Natural Resources, Environmental Design and Management, and Multidisciplinary Studies. The Faculties of the
Basic Medical Sciences, Clinical Sciences, Public Health and Dentistry are organized as a College of Medicine. The university has other academic units, among which are: Institute of Child Health, Institute of Education, Institute of African Studies, Centre for Child Adolescent and Mental Health, Centre for Entrepreneurship and Innovation (CEI), Institute for Advanced Medical Research and Training (IAMRAT), Institute of Cardiovascular Diseases, Centre for Drug Discovery, Development & Production (CDDDP) and Centre for Control & Prevention of Zoonosis (CCPZ). The recently established Infectious Diseases Institute (IDI), School of Business (UISB) and National Institute for Maternal, Child & Neonatal Health (NIMCNH) have commenced operation.
The University of Ibadan has 15 halls of residence that provide accommodation for about 30% of the population of students in the regular studies mode. Some of the popular halls in the university include
Lord Tedder Hall,
Kenneth Mellanby Hall,
Sultan Bello Hall,
Nnamdi Azikiwe Hall, Independence Hall, Tafawa Balewa Hall, Kuti Hall,
Queen Idia Hall,
Queen Elizabeth Hall and the
Obafemi Awolowo Hall – which is the largest female hall in
West Africa. The university has a total staff strength of 5,339, with 1,212 housing units for both senior and junior staff. The university has residential and sports facilities for staff and students on campus, as well as separate botanical and zoological gardens.
university has educated many notable alumni, including a
Nobel Laureate in Literature, eminent mathematicians, scientists, politicians, lawyers, business icons, philosophers, writers, monarchs, countless technocrats, recipients of the Nigerian National order of merit, Fellows of the various learned academies. In September 2016, it became the first Nigerian university to make the top 1000 in
Times Higher Education rankings. Prior to that, it had always made the top 10 African Universities in
Webometrics Rankings. UI is currently ranked No. 1 in Nigeria and 1196 in the world according to Webometrics.
Photo Showing the Gate of University of Ibadan
The opening of Sultan Bello Hall by Alhaji Sir
Ahmadu Bello, University College Ibadan, on Second February 1962 (
Kenneth Dike to the left, Ahmadu Bello to the right)
The origins of the university are in the
University of London. It was established in 1948 as the University College Ibadan, as a college of the
University of London, which supervised its academic programmes and awarded degrees until 1967. The establishment came as a result of recommendation of the Asquith and the Elliot Commissions on Higher Education in the then
British colonies, that two University Colleges of the University of London be set up in
Nigeria. Prior to 1948,
Yaba College had been founded in 1932 in
Yaba, Lagos, as the first tertiary educational institute in
Nigeria, focused primarily on providing post-secondary vocational education and teacher training to Africans.
However, the limited aims of Yaba College and clamor by Nigerian nationalists for self-improvement and uninhibited education led to the establishment of University College Ibadan as the first university in Nigeria in 1948. Staff and students from Yaba Higher College were transferred to
Ibadan to form the new University College Ibadan.
Modeled after the
British university system,
Kenneth Mellanby was appointed in 1947 as its first
principal, and he started the university college on 18 January 1948. The sod of its permanent site was cut on 17 November 1948, and the date is now known as Founders' Day. The university's first buildings were designed by eminent modernist architects
Maxwell Fry and
Jane Drew. Following the
tropical modernist style, the 1950s construction comprised administrative blocks, residential colleges and academic facilities.
Following Nigeria's independence in 1960 and subsequent drive to domesticate several institutions, UCI became a full-fledged independent university in early 1962 and the name changed to University of Ibadan.
In late 1963, on the university playing-fields, with a celebration marked by
talking drums, the Rt. Hon. Sir
Abubakar Tafawa Balewa, first Prime Minister of independent Nigeria, became the first Chancellor of its independent university. The first Nigerian vice-chancellor of the university was
Kenneth Dike, after whom the university library is named.
A major arm of the College of Medicine (which comprises the faculties of Basic Medical Sciences, Clinical Sciences, Dentistry and Public Health) is located about five kilometres from the main university, within the structure of The
University College Hospital. The college has a dormitory, the Alexander Brown Hall for students who are in their clinical years of study. The college was created in August 1980. Some of the past provosts are Oluwole Akande,
Isaac Folorunso Adewole, and
Institutes of African Studies
IFRA-Nigeria (Institut français de recherche en Afrique) – an institute funded by the French government to promote research in the social sciences and the humanities, and improve collaborative work between academics in France and
Institute of Child Health
Institute of Education
Advanced Medical Research and Training
Institute for Peace and Strategic Studies
LES Institute of PAU
Centres of excellence
Centre For Excellence in Teaching & Learning]
Centre for Child & Adolescent Mental Health
Centre for Control & Prevention of Zoonoses
Center for Drug Discovery, Development and Production (CDDDP)
Among the notable structures in the university is the central
Kenneth Dike Library, located just beside the Faculty of Arts. The library, which has a large capacity for students, contains books relating to virtually all fields of knowledge both in and outside the university community. To ensure its easy access, students are made to carry out their library registration in their first year of admission.
The Library is named after Professor
Kenneth Dike, who was the first indigenous Principal and former Vice-Chancellor of the university. it was established out of the desires of the founding fathers and matriarch of the institution in order to cut a niche for research and sound teaching. Today, the library is ranked favourably among other[spelling?] libraries in the Commonwealth of nations.
The library contains 700,000 volumes of information and more than 1,250 seats for readers. It is open to all senior staff, students of the institution, senior staff of the
University College Hospital, (
UCH) Ibadan as well as alumni of the university. The library will also admit anyone else with cogent reasons be it research, reference purposes, as well as study into the library on provision of letter of introduction from a recognized university official (i.e. dean of a faculty, head of department from the visitor's school or director of an organization).
Dispute with students' union
Kunle Adepeju, first student martyr in Nigeria
On 29 May 2017, the management of the school stopped academic activities for undergraduate students. This was as a result of the protest by the student union. The student body was in disagreement with the school authorities over their failure to issue identity cards to the students and the outlaw on some electrical appliances. On 9 June, it was announced that school will be reopened on 20 June. The school resumed activities on 2 July.