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Stirling Range National Park
Western Australia
Bluff Knoll 1 Stirling Range NP II-2012.jpeg
Stirling Range National Park is located in Western Australia
Stirling Range National Park
Stirling Range National Park
Nearest town or city Cranbrook
Coordinates 34°21′50″S 117°59′20″E / 34.36389°S 117.98889°E / -34.36389; 117.98889
STIRLING RANGE NATIONAL PARK Latitude and Longitude:

34°21′50″S 117°59′20″E / 34.36389°S 117.98889°E / -34.36389; 117.98889
Population0 ( SAL 2016) [1] [2]
Established1913
Area1,159.2 km2 (447.6 sq mi) [3]
Managing authorities Department of Parks and Wildlife
Website Stirling Range National Park
See also List of protected areas of
Western Australia
View of Range from Toolbrunup

Stirling Range National Park is a national park in the Great Southern region of Western Australia, approximately 337 kilometres (209 mi) south-east of Perth.

Description

It protects the Stirling Ranges, or Koikyennuruff, a range of mountains and hills over 65 km (40 mi) wide from west to east, stretching from the highway between Mount Barker and Cranbrook eastward past Gnowangerup. Notable features include Toolbrunup, Bluff Knoll – the tallest peak in the southwestern region – and a silhouette called The Sleeping Princess which is visible from the Porongurup Range.

Popular recreational activities in the park include bushwalking, abseiling and gliding. Camping is permitted only in Moingup campsite within the park boundaries (fee applies). Other peaks which have tracks include Mt Trio, Talyuberlup Peak and Mt Magog. A premier walk known as The Stirling Ridge Walk is usually done over two days and includes Ellen Peak (the most easterly peak) and Bluff Knoll.

History

The traditional owners are the Mineng and Koreng groups [4] of the Noongar peoples who have inhabited the region for tens of thousands of years. The Noongar know the range as Koi Kyenunu-ruff which means mist moving around the mountains. The area was important to Indigenous Australians with the surrounding lowlands providing many sources of food. The women gathered seeds, roots and fruit while men hunted kangaroos and other animals. [5]

The first European to sight the range was Matthew Flinders in January 1802 while he was exploring the southern coast of Australia. He named the range Mount Rugged. [4]

Ensign Dale explored the area in 1832 and climbed Toolbrunup. [6]

Stirling Range was named by the surveyor John Septimus Roe in 1835 after the Governor of the Swan River Colony, James Stirling, even though Stirling never actually visited the area. [7]

Sandalwood cutters established a track through the park in about 1848. European settlers arrived in the late 1800s initially around Amelup and farmed much of the surrounding areas. John Forrest climbed Toolbrunup in 1881 with Henry Samuel Ranford and made a cairn at the summit. [6]

The boundaries of the park were first suggested by Jas Hope, the Chief Draftsperson of the Lands and Survey Department, in 1908 and approved by N. J. Moore who was the Minister of Lands at the time. [6]

The National Park was gazetted in 1913 and the first park ranger was appointed in 1964. [7]

The park was listed as a National Heritage place in 2006. [4]

In 2020, a bushfire caused by lightning devastated 40,000 hectares of park land. [8]

In August 2022, there was a lot of snow in the park. [9]

Environment

Stirling Range heath

The area is of great biogeographic and evolutionary interest and displays one of the richest floras in the world. [4] The park provides an important refuge for a large diversity of Australia's native plants and animals.

Flora

Despite the low soils fertility the area supports over 1,500 different flowering plant species with over 87 of the species found only in the area of the park. The park is particularly rich in banksias, eucalypts, orchids and verticordias. [10] Ten species of mountain bells ( Darwinia spp.) have been identified in the park and only one of these is found outside Stirling Range. [11]

Five major vegetation communities are known in the park with thicket and mallee-heath at higher elevations and woodlands, wetlands and salt lake communities on the lower slopes and plains. [4]

Fauna

Varanus gouldii on road in park

The park has been identified by BirdLife International as an Important Bird Area (IBA) because it supports populations of endangered short-billed black cockatoos and western whipbirds, and is visited by endangered long-billed black-cockatoos. [12]

Many native mammals are found in the park including the western pygmy possum and the western grey kangaroo. [4]

Deeper shaded gullies support a range ancient species including land snails, trapdoor spiders and giant earthworms that date back over millions of years. [4]

See also

References

  1. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Stirling Range National Park (Suburb and Locality)". Australian Census 2016.  Edit this at Wikidata
  2. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Stirling Range National Park (Suburb and Locality)". Australian Census 2016 QuickStats. Retrieved 28 June 2022.  Edit this at Wikidata
  3. ^ "Department of Environment and Conservation 2009–2010 Annual Report". Annual Report. Department of Environment and Conservation: 48. 2010. ISSN  1835-114X. Archived from the original on 11 January 2011.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g "National Heritage Places - Stirling Range National Park". Department of the Environment and Energy. Retrieved 9 January 2019.
  5. ^ "Stirling Range National Park" (PDF). Department of Parks and Wildlife. Retrieved 9 January 2019.
  6. ^ a b c "Our Unknown National Park". Sunday Times (Perth). No. 1198. Western Australia. 19 December 1920. p. 4 (Second Section). Retrieved 10 January 2019 – via National Library of Australia.
  7. ^ a b "Stirling Range and Porongurup National Parks Management Plan 1999 - 2009" (PDF). Department of Conservation and Land Management. 1999. Retrieved 9 January 2019.
  8. ^ "'Centuries' to recover: WA bushfires devastate one of the world's richest biodiversity hotspots". ABC News. 7 January 2020. Retrieved 17 October 2021.
  9. ^ "Snow falls on southern Western Australia's highest peak as another cold snap hits". ABC News. 9 August 2022.
  10. ^ George, Alexander (1 January 1969). "Wildflowers of the Stirling Range". Journal of the Department of Agriculture, Western Australia. Series 4. 10 (2): 50–54. ISSN  0021-8618.
  11. ^ "Stirling Range | Explore Parks WA | Parks and Wildlife Service". parks.dpaw.wa.gov.au. Retrieved 17 October 2021.
  12. ^ "IBA: Stirling Range". Birdata. Birds Australia. Archived from the original on 6 July 2011. Retrieved 24 October 2011.