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Sept haïkaï — esquisses japonaises (Seven Haiku: Japanese Sketches) is a composition for piano and small orchestra by Olivier Messiaen. It was published by Alphonse Leduc in 1966 and subsequently republished numerous times. It typically lasts about twenty minutes.

History

The set of Sept haïkaï were composed by Messiaen in 1962 after a trip to Japan while he was on honeymoon with his new second wife, Yvonne Loriod. They were influenced by the sounds of Indian rhythms, Gagaku, the music of the Noh theatre, and the birdcalls of Japan, which he had first incorporated in Chronochromie. [1] Messiaen also used an underlying melodic-rhythmic structure similar to the isorhythms used by fourteenth century composers such as Vitry and Machaut. [2]

Sept haïkaï are dedicated to Loriod, Pierre Boulez, Seiji Ozawa, Yoritsune Matsudaira, Sadao Bekku, Mitsuaki Hayama, Fumi Yamaguchi, and "to the landscapes, to the music and to all the birds of Japan". The suite premiered on 30 October 1963, conducted by Boulez, and with Loriod as the piano soloist, at Domaine Musical. [3]

Instrumentation

The piece is scored for solo piano and an orchestra with the following instruments.

Movements

The work is composed of seven movements.

  1. Introduction
  2. Le parc de Nara et les lanternes de pierre ( Nara Park and the Lanterns of Stone)
  3. Yamanaka cadenza ("Internal Mountain" Cadenza)
  4. Gagaku
  5. Miyajima et le torii dans le mer (Miyajima and the torii in the sea)
  6. Les oiseaux de Karuizawa (The Birds of Karuizawa)
  7. Coda

References

Notes

  1. ^ Hill, Peter (2011). The Messiaen Companion. London: Faber & Faber. pp. 420–2. ISBN  9780571281046.
  2. ^ Grimshaw, Jeremy. "Sept haïkaï, for piano, 13 winds, 6 percussion & 8 violins, I/45". Allmusic. Retrieved 7 June 2019.
  3. ^ "Sept haïkaï". Boston University Messiaen Project. Archived from the original on 4 December 2010. Retrieved 7 June 2019.