The N. A. Rimsky-Korsakov Saint Petersburg State Conservatory (
Russian: Санкт-Петербургская государственная консерватория имени Н. А. Римского-Корсакова) (formerly known as the Petrograd Conservatory and Leningrad Conservatory) is a
school of music in
Russia. In 2004, the conservatory had around 275 faculty members and 1,400 students.
Theatre Square and the conservatory, as seen in 1913
The conservatory was founded in 1862 by the Russian Music Society and
Anton Rubinstein, a Russian
composer. On his resignation in 1867, he was succeeded by
Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov was appointed as a professor in 1871, and the conservatory has borne his name since 1944. In 1887, Rubinstein returned to the conservatory with the goal of improving overall standards. He revised the curriculum, expelled inferior students, fired and demoted many professors, and made entrance and examination requirements more stringent. In 1891, he resigned again over the Imperial demand of racial quotas.
The current building was erected in the 1890s on the site of the old
Bolshoi Theatre of Saint Petersburg, and it still preserves its grand staircase and landing. As the city changed its name in the 20th century, the conservatory was renamed Petrograd Conservatory (Петроградская консерватория) and Leningrad Conservatory (Ленинградская консерватория).