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Sambar deer Cervus unicolor.jpg
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Artiodactyla
Family: Cervidae
Subfamily: Cervinae
Tribe: Cervini
Genus: Rusa
C. H. Smith, 1827
Type species
Cervus unicolor

See text

Rusa is a genus of deer from southern Asia. They have traditionally been included in Cervus, and genetic evidence suggests this may be more appropriate than their present placement in a separate genus. [1]

Three of the four species have relatively small distributions in the Philippines and Indonesia, but the sambar is more widespread, ranging from India east and north to China and south to the Greater Sundas. All are threatened by habitat loss and hunting in their native ranges, but three of the species have also been introduced elsewhere.


Image Scientific name Common name Distribution
Cervus alfredi5.jpg Rusa alfredi Visayan spotted deer, Philippine spotted deer Philippines
Cervus mariannus.jpg Rusa marianna Philippine brown deer or Philippine sambar Negros-Panay, Babuyan/Batanes, Palawan, Sulu Faunal Regions
Javan Deer stag - Baluran NP - East Java (30049870271).jpg Rusa timorensis Javan rusa or Sunda sambar Indonesia and East Timor.
Sambar deer.JPG Rusa unicolor sambar Himalayas, mainland Southeast Asia including Burma, Thailand, Indochina, the Malay Peninsula, South China including Hainan Island, Taiwan, and the Indonesian islands of Sumatra and Borneo


  1. ^ Pitraa, Fickela, Meijaard, Groves (2004). Evolution and phylogeny of old world deer. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 33: 880–895.