Runcorn Information (Geography)
Runcorn's Silver Jubilee Bridge
Coat of arms
|Population||61,789 ( 2011) |
|Demonym||Runcornian[ citation needed]|
|OS grid reference|
|• London||167 mi (269 km)  SE|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
Runcorn is an industrial town and cargo port in the Borough of Halton in Cheshire, England. Its population in 2011 was 61,789.  The town is in the southeast of the Liverpool City Region, with Liverpool 11 mi (18 km) to the northwest across the River Mersey. Runcorn is on the southern bank of the River Mersey, where the estuary narrows to form the Runcorn Gap.
Runcorn was founded by Ethelfleda in 915 AD as a fortification to guard against Viking invasion at a narrowing of the River Mersey.  Under Norman rule, Runcorn fell under the Barony of Halton and an Augustinian abbey was established here in 1115.  It remained a small, isolated settlement until the Industrial Revolution when the extension of the Bridgewater Canal to Runcorn in 1776 established it as a port which would link Liverpool with inland Manchester and Staffordshire.  The docks enabled the growth of industry, initially shipwrights and sandstone quarries. In the late 18th and early 19th centuries, it was a spa and health resort but this ended with the growth of polluting industries, especially soap and chemical works.  In 1964, Runcorn was designated a new town and expanded eastward, swallowing neighbouring settlements and more than doubling its population. 
Three bridges span the River Mersey and the Manchester Ship Canal at Runcorn: the Silver Jubilee Bridge, Mersey Gateway, and Runcorn Railway Bridge. Its location between Liverpool and Manchester and its links to the rail, motorway and canal networks have made it a centre for manufacturing, logistics, and wholesale and retail.  The town's motto is Navem Mercibus Implere (Latin for "fill the ship with goods"), a classical quotation from Juvenal. 
The earliest written reference to the town is in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, where it is spelled "Rumcofan", literally meaning "a wide cove or bay". This word is derived from the Old English words "rúm" ("wide" or "broad") and "cofa" ("cave" or "cove"). Other historical spellings of Runcorn include "Rumcoven", "Ronchestorn", "Runckhorne", and "Runcorne". 
Little is known about the early history of the settlement but isolated findings of objects from the Stone, Bronze, and Iron Ages have been made and there is evidence of a Roman presence in the area. 
The first recorded event in its history is the building by Æthelflæd of a fortification at Runcorn to protect the northern frontier of her kingdom of Mercia against the Vikings in 915. The fort was built on Castle Rock overlooking the River Mersey at Runcorn Gap. 
Following the Norman conquest, Runcorn was not mentioned in the 1086 Domesday survey, although surrounding settlements were. William the Conqueror granted the earldom of Chester to Hugh d'Avranches who granted the barony of Halton to Nigel. It is likely that Nigel erected a motte and bailey castle on Halton Hill in the 1070s. 
In 1115, Nigel's son, William Fitznigel, founded an Augustinian Priory at Runcorn. In 1134, the priory was moved to Norton, about 3.5 mi (6 km) away. In 1391, the priory was raised to the higher status of abbey.  In 1536, the monastery was dissolved, and around nine years later, the buildings and some of the monastic lands were sold to Sir Richard Brooke who converted the habitable part of the abbey into a house. 
During the Civil War, Halton Castle was held for the Royalists by John Savage, 2nd Earl Rivers, the Steward of Halton. It fell twice to Parliamentarian Roundheads. The first siege was led by Sir William Brereton in 1643; the second was during the following year. Following this, a "Council of War" was held in Warrington in 1646 at which it was decided that the castle should be slighted. 
In 1656, Runcorn was described as being "nothing but a fair parish church, a parsonage and a few scattered tenements".  And so it remained for over a century, an isolated and poor hamlet. The only through traffic used the ferry which crossed from Runcorn to the north bank of the River Mersey.
During the 18th century, water transport had been improved in the area by the Mersey and Irwell Navigation, the Bridgewater Canal and the Trent and Mersey Canal. This gave Runcorn waterway connections with most of the interior of England through the canal system and with the sea along the River Mersey, thus forming the basis for the development of the Port of Runcorn. 
Industries began to develop within and around the town, in particular shipbuilding, engineering, chemical manufacturing, tanning, and sandstone quarrying. Towards the end of the 18th century and in the early years of the 19th century, the town was a health resort. 
The growth of industry did not diminish Runcorn's late 18th and early 19th century reputation as a health resort and the "Montpelier of England".  In 1822 the town's first Saltwater Baths opened followed by new visitor accommodation in Belvedere Terrace in 1831.  
In the middle of the century, the growing wealth of the town and its industrialists saw the construction of several new landmarks, including Halton Grange, St Paul's Methodist Chapel and All Saints' Church. 
For hundreds of years, the only means of crossing the River Mersey at this point had been by the Runcorn ferry. Thomas Telford proposed a 1,000 ft (300 m) single span suspension bridge as early as 1817, but it was not until 1868 that the first bridge, Runcorn Railway Bridge, was opened across the Mersey at Runcorn. This gave the town direct rail links with Liverpool and the rest of the country. 
Runcorn was becoming an industrialised and highly polluted town. During the later 19th century the town became increasingly dominated by the chemical and tanning industries. In the 1880s a pipeline was opened between Northwich and Weston Point, supplying brine to the salt works and in 1896 the Castner Kellner chemical works was established. 
In 1894 the Manchester Ship Canal was opened throughout its length.  This allowed ocean-going ships to travel inland as far as Salford, some of them calling at the port of Runcorn. The rise in population between 1881 and 1891 and the drop by 1901 is explained by the number of people involved in constructing the ship canal.
In 1905, the Widnes-Runcorn Transporter Bridge opened, giving a direct link for vehicular traffic for the first time between the two towns.  This would not be replaced until 1961 with the construction of Runcorn Road Bridge (since renamed the Silver Jubilee Bridge) which allowed a more efficient means of road traffic across Runcorn Gap.
During the first half of the 20th century, the industry of the town continued to be dominated by chemicals and tanning. This growth was largely due to government fixed-priced cost contracts for tanned hides. In 1926, four chemical companies merged to form Imperial Chemical Industries (ICI).
During the second half of the 20th century, the tanneries closed (the last to close was the Highfield Tannery in the late 1960s) and the chemical industry declined. At the same time, light industry developed together with warehouses and distribution centres. 
In September 1963, the Ministry of Housing and Local Government published a draft of the Runcorn New Town (Designation) Order which would allocate 7,750 acres (3,140 ha) in and around Runcorn for development of a new town under the New Towns Act 1946. The ministry cited the urgent need for more housing to reduce overcrowding in Liverpool and to increase the rate of slum clearance there. Runcorn was chosen because of its strong road, rail and canal connections, ample water supply, convenient location on the Mersey Estuary for the disposal of effluent, established industry and the availability of land for more. 
Following objections to the draft order, a public Local Inquiry was held at Runcorn from 10 to 12 December 1963. The subsequent report accepted the location in principle and the proposed population of 90,000. It did, however, recommend that 500 acres (200 ha) around the village of Sutton Weaver to the south of the Chester–Manchester and Crewe–Liverpool railway lines be excluded from the designated area, partly to preserve its highly productive agricultural land. The minister, Keith Joseph, accepted the report's recommendations and the designation order was made on 10 April 1964. 
The new town masterplan published in 1966 more than doubled the population as it encompassed neighbouring settlements and created new housing estates to the south and east.  The key features of the new town were its unique housing and estate designs, segregated pedestrian pathways, Busway, extensive landscaped green space, separate industrial areas and new town centre. 
The new town centre was designated at the geographical heart of the expanded town with Shopping City, an American style enclosed mall, as its focus.  This was a source of conflict between Arthur Ling, the new town Master Planner, and Fred Roche, Chief Architect. Whereas Ling envisaged a centre reminiscent of a citadel or acropolis at the base of Halton Castle, Roche preferred to expand the existing town centre, partly to placate the Urban District Council and existing traders.  The new Halton site was favoured and Shopping City opened in 1972. 
However, the Urban District Council secured a commitment from the Development Corporation to continue a programme of regeneration which the council had already begun.  In 1971, the Development Corporation published Master Plan Amendment No.1 which focused on the urban renewal of the Old Town centre, now designated a smaller 'district centre'. The plan sought to increase public open space, reduce shopping provision, rationalise roads and renew housing stock. It also included plans to widen the Runcorn-Widnes Bridge from two to four lanes and create a new system of junctions between the bridge and the expressway. 
The masterplan was amended for the second and final time in 1975. Amendment No.2 extended the expressway further to the east and redesignated land at Sandymoor intended for industrial use to residential.  The Runcorn Development Corporation merged with Warrington Development Corporation on 1 April 1981 and was wound up on 30 September 1989. 
Much of the architecture of the new town was innovative, especially the Southgate development designed by Sir James Stirling and built between 1970 and 1977. Stirling's housing development was beset with problems and it was demolished in the early 1990s.   In 2002, the Castlefields Partnership (made up of English Partnerships and Halton Borough Council) was created to comprehensively redevelop the Castlefields estate, including the demolition of over 700 deck access flats. 
Runcorn is unparished with the exception of Sandymoor, and a large part of the Whitehouse Industrial Estate which falls under Preston Brook Parish Council. The local authority is Halton Borough Council for which the town is divided into nine electoral wards, each electing three councillors. 
Under the Runcorn Improvement Act 1852, a board of Improvement Commissioners was established to administer the civil government of the town.  By the Local Government Act 1894, the administration of the town and the surrounding areas was divided into Runcorn Urban District and Runcorn Rural District. Initially the urban district consisted of only the built-up area of Runcorn itself. By 1937, this area had been extended to include the communities of Weston and Weston Point to the south. In 1964, Runcorn was designated as a New Town and greatly expanded so that by 1971 it had grown to incorporate the village of Halton. 
Runcorn Urban District was abolished in 1974 under the Local Government Act 1972 when it merged with the Municipal Borough of Widnes and parts of Runcorn Rural District and Whiston Rural District to form the Borough of Halton under Halton Borough Council and Cheshire County Council. In 1998, Halton Borough Council became a unitary authority within the ceremonial county of Cheshire.  In April 2014, Halton Borough Council joined five other local authorities in Merseyside to form the Liverpool City Region.
The western area of the town is in the Halton constituency and the eastern part in the Weaver Vale constituency. Since the 1997 general election, the Member of Parliament (MP) for the Halton constituency has been Derek Twigg of the Labour Party.  Weaver Vale is a marginal seat and has switched parties several times since its creation in 1997.
Before the Reform Act 1832, Runcorn was in the constituency of Cheshire which was represented by two Members of Parliament.  Following the Reform Act, the town was placed in the North Cheshire constituency and from 1868 in the Mid Cheshire constituency. From 1885 to 1950 the town was in the constituency of Northwich.  The constituency of Runcorn was created by a 1948 Act of Parliament and Dennis Vosper was the first to be elected to the seat in 1950.  In 1964, he was succeeded by Mark Carlisle who held the seat until the constituency of Runcorn was abolished in 1983 and split between the constituencies of Halton and Warrington South. 
Runcorn is situated on a spur projecting into the River Mersey, which flows to the north and then to the west of the town. On the north bank of the river is another spur forming the West Bank area of Widnes; together these form Runcorn Gap, a narrowing of the River Mersey. The town is bounded to the southwest by the Weaver Navigation; to the south by the Chester–Manchester and Crewe–Liverpool railway lines; and to the east by the West Coast Main Line until the village of Moore. A series of valleys is formed by high points at Runcorn Hill (75m AOD), Halton Castle (75m AOD), Windmill Hill (70m AOD) and Keckwick Hill (75m AOD). 
Runcorn Gap is crossed by three bridges: Runcorn Railway Bridge (which carries the Liverpool branch of the West Coast Main Line), the Silver Jubilee Bridge and the Mersey Gateway which carries the A533. A system of dual carriageways called 'expressways' form a figure of 8 around the town.  The Central Expressway runs through the centre of the town in a north–south direction and is the main through-road. It connects to the M56 motorway which cuts into the south of the town.
To the west of the Central Expressway lies the Old Town of Runcorn, Higher Runcorn, Weston, Weston Point and Clifton (formerly Rocksavage), and the new town estates of Halton Brook and Halton Lodge. To the east are the formerly separate villages of Halton and Norton, and the new town estates of Castlefields, Palacefields, Windmill Hill, Murdishaw, Brookvale, Hallwood Park, Beechwood and Sandymoor.  The density of housing is generally high, but there are open green areas, in particular heathland on Runcorn Hill and the extensive Town Park created as part of the new town. Housing is typically situated within the expressways and industry outside. 
The Runcorn area drains into the River Mersey to the north and the River Weaver to the south.
The bedrock geology of the River Mersey and the northern and western fringes of Runcorn is Sherwood Sandstone and pebbly sandstone. To the south there is a transition to siltstone, sandstone and predominantly Mercia Mudstone. The primary sedimentary rock is New Red Sandstone. 
The superficial geology is varied with pockets of sand and diamicton along the lower-lying land adjacent to the Mersey and through Runcorn. Sand and gravel becomes common on the southern fringes of the town and elsewhere there are small pockets of clay, silt, sand and gravel. 
There are two Sites of Special Scientific Interest within the town: Floodbrook Clough and the Mersey Estuary.  Floodbrook Clough in Beechwood is an Ancient Semi-Natural Woodland and one of the best examples in Cheshire of clough woodland on keuper marl. 
There are five Local Nature Reserves designated under the National Parks and Access to the Countryside Act 1949: Runcorn Hill, Dorchester Park, Oxmoor Woods, Wigg Island and Murdishaw Valley. 
Early census statistics for the town include only the areas known now as the Old Town and Higher Runcorn. In the early twentieth century, Runcorn Urban District grew to incorporate the neighbouring villages of Weston and Halton.  The present statistical boundaries of Runcorn were defined in the Runcorn New Town (Designation) Order 1964 which greatly expanded the town to the east.
The population of Runcorn in 1664 has been estimated as 305. 
|Year||Population||Change as %|
The 2011 census showed that 70.1% of people living in Runcorn declared themselves to be Christian, significantly higher than the national average in England of 59.4%. 23.5% stated that they had "no religion" and 5.5% made no religious claims. Those stating their religions as Buddhist, Hindu, Jewish, Islam, or Sikh amounted to 0.8%.  
The town's Anglican churches are part of the Diocese of Chester and the Deanery of Frodsham.  The parish church is All Saints Church, and there are 10 other Anglican churches in the town.  Five Catholic churches can be found in Runcorn and are administered by the Diocese of Shrewsbury. 
There are two Methodist chapels and several shared churches. Wicksten Drive Christian Centre is shared between Anglicans and Methodists. Hallwood Ecumenical Parish in Beechwood and Palace Fields consists of 2 churches, both recognised by the Church of England, the Methodist Church and the United Reformed Church.  There is also a Pentecostal church, two independent evangelical churches, a Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints chapel, a spiritualist church, and a Jehovah's Witnesses Kingdom Hall. 
In the 2011 census, of Runcorn's 61,789 residents, 97.8% were White, with 96.3% identifying as White British. Mixed/multiple ethnic groups made up 1.2%, Asian/Asian British 0.7%, Black/African/Caribbean/Black British 0.2%, and Other/Arab 0.1%. 98.5% had English as a first language. 
Runcorn has a higher proportion of people working in manufacturing, logistics, and wholesale and retail than the average for England.   Chemical manufacturing has been the town's dominant sector since the 19th century, but the local economy has increasingly diversified into other advanced manufacturing sectors, such as aerospace and automotive, as well as services and logistics. 
The main industrial areas of the town are Astmoor, Manor Park, Whitehouse, the Heath and Weston Point. Sci-Tech Daresbury is to the southeast of the town. The main retail and leisure area is Shopping City in the centre of the town with a smaller district centre at the old town.
|Industry||Runcorn (Resident Jobs)||Runcorn (%)||Halton (%)||England (%)||Runcorn – England Difference|
|H Transport and storage||2,087||7.4||6.9||5.0||2.4|
|G Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motor cycles||5,069||18.1||18.7||15.9||2.2|
|N Administrative and support service activities||1,579||5.6||5.3||4.9||0.7|
|E Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities||334||1.2||1.6||0.7||0.5|
|J Information and communication||1,247||4.4||3.9||4.1||0.3|
|O Public administration and defence; compulsory social security||1,721||6.1||6.5||5.9||0.2|
|D Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply||194||0.7||0.8||0.6||0.1|
|Q Human health and social work activities||3,460||12.3||12.0||12.4||−0.1|
|B Mining and quarrying||40||0.1||0.2||0.2||−0.1|
|L Real estate activities||314||1.1||1.2||1.5||−0.4|
|I Accommodation and food service activities||1,388||5.0||4.6||5.6||−0.6|
|A Agriculture, forestry and fishing||44||0.2||0.2||0.8||−0.6|
|R, S, T, U Other||988||3.5||3.8||5.0||−1.5|
|M Professional, scientific and technical activities||1,305||4.7||4.5||6.7||−2.0|
|K Financial and insurance activities||555||2.0||2.4||4.4||−2.4|
The town's chemical industry was dominated for many years by ICI's Chlor Chemical division. But since 2001, Inovyn (a wholly owned subsidiary of Ineos) has operated the extensive chemical works in the west of the town, employing 750 people in 2020.   In Runcorn, Invoyn manufactures chlorine, caustic soda and chlorinated derivatives. It also produces salt, made from brine transported by pipeline from the saltfields of central Cheshire, and sulphuric acid. Several other chemical manufacturers also have a presence at the site, including Koura (formerly Mexichem Fluor), Industrial Chemicals, Packed Chlorine Limited, VYNOVA and Runcorn MCP Ltd (a joint venture between INOVYN and VYNOVA). The site is considered to be of strategic national importance to the UK.  The site includes two independently owned power stations; the 810 MW natural gas fired Rocksavage Power Station and the Runcorn Energy Recovery Facility operated by Viridor which also supplies heat to the Inovyn facility.   ICI's other former site in Runcorn comprising offices and laboratories is now the Heath Business and Technical Park, which provides office, laboratory, conference, and leisure facilities. 
Other large employers include advanced manufacturing firms Sigmatex (manufacturer of carbon fibre), Héroux-Devtek (manufacturer of aircraft landing gear), Whitford (manufacturer of speciality coatings), Teva (manufacturer of pharmaceuticals) and Fresenius Kabi (manufacturer of medical and pharmaceutical products).  Drinks manufacturer, Diageo, has maintained a packaging plant at Runcorn since 1970 which packages Guinness, Pimm's, Kilkenny and Smirnoff Ice for distribution in Great Britain. 
Sci-Tech Daresbury is a National Science and Innovation Campus to the south east of Runcorn. The campus offers lab space, offices and workshops to rent. It is home to the largest supercomputer in Europe and the Virtual Engineering Centre which works with Bentley motor cars, BAE Systems and Jaguar Land Rover. The site also houses Daresbury Laboratory which employs over 300 staff specialising in accelerator science, bio-medicine, physics, chemistry, materials, engineering and computational science. 
Runcorn's position between Liverpool and Manchester airports and its links to the rail, motorway and canal networks have made it a centre for logistics.  There are two ports in the west of the town on the Manchester Ship Canal. Runcorn Docks is owned by the Manchester Ship Canal Company, which is part of the Peel Ports Group.  Weston Point Docks is operated by FLX Logistics. 
There are several large logistics depots across Runcorn, including Eddie Stobart Group's road haulage site and driver training school in Manor Park, the Downton haulage depot at the Whitehouse Industrial Estate, and an NHS Supply Chain Depot in Astmoor Industrial Estate.  
There has been a shift in employment from manufacturing to service industries. In 1991, 34% worked in the manufacturing sector and 61% were in the service sector. By 2004, 17% were in manufacturing jobs and 78% were in service jobs.  This trend in the local region is demonstrated in this chart which shows the regional "gross value added" of Halton and Warrington at current basic prices, with figures in millions of pounds. 
|Year||Regional Gross Value Added d||Agriculture a||Industry b||Services c|
- ^ includes hunting and forestry
- ^ includes energy and construction
- ^ includes financial intermediation services indirectly measured
- ^ Components may not sum to totals due to rounding
Runcorn has two shopping centres. The original shopping area was in the older part of the town on High Street, Regent Street and Church Street.  This centre continues to exist, but with the coming of the new town, has declined. In the centre of the new town, Runcorn Shopping City is an enclosed shopping mall with two attached bus stations.  Adjacent to it is Trident Retail Park containing shopping outlets and a cinema and nearby is a large Asda superstore that opened in 1989.
The Runcorn Busway was the world's first bus rapid transit system in 1971.  First conceived in the Runcorn New Town Masterplan in 1966, it opened for services in October 1971 and all 22 km (14 mi) were operational by 1980.  It is a road network for use by buses only and, unlike guided busways or bus lanes, it is a totally separate road system, not running alongside (or down the middle of) existing roads. It was designed so that most residents would be no more than five minutes walking distance, or 500 yards (460 m), from a bus stop.  The central station is at Runcorn Shopping City where buses arrive on dedicated raised busways to two enclosed stations.  Professor Arthur Ling, Runcorn Development Corporation's Master Planner, claimed to have invented the concept while sketching on the back of an envelope.  Bus services are provided by Arriva North West, Anthony's Travel, MP Travel, Warrington's Own Buses, Ashcroft Travel, Halton Community Transport and Stagecoach.  Two coach companies operate from the town; Selwyns Travel,  and Anthony's Travel. 
The expressways form a ring road around the town in a figure of eight and are intended to keep all through traffic off the local roads.  This system links north to Widnes and Liverpool by the A533 over the Mersey Gateway bridge, east to Warrington by the A56, south to Northwich and north Cheshire by the A533, and west by the A557 to the M56 and to Frodsham. The M56 links to the M6 and, to the north of Widnes, the A557 links to the M62. 
There are two railway stations. Runcorn, located in the old town, is on the Liverpool branch of the West Coast Main Line, and is managed by Avanti West Coast, which provides services between Liverpool Lime Street and London Euston. West Midlands Trains run a service between Liverpool and Birmingham New Street that calls at the station. Runcorn East station, located in the Murdishaw district of the new town, is managed by Transport for Wales, and provides services to Warrington, Manchester, Chester and North Wales. 
There are two Grade I listed buildings and scheduled monuments in Runcorn: Halton Castle and Norton Priory. Halton Castle is one of two remaining Norman castles in Cheshire, built in 1071 and reconstructed in local sandstone in the 13th century. The castle was slighted following the Civil War and the gatehouse converted to a courthouse in 1737, now The Castle public house and a Grade II* listed building in its own right. Norton Priory, now a museum, is the most excavated monastic site in Europe, consisting of the ruins of an Abbey, 12th century undercroft and 18th century Walled Garden. Both Norton Priory and Halton Castle are managed by Norton Priory Museum Trust Limited. 
Most Grade II*listed buildings in the town are around the base of Halton Castle, including Seneschal's House (1598), Halton Old Hall (1693), Chesshyre Library (1730) and Halton Vicarage (1739). Hallwood (1710), a former mansion house, is also Grade II*listed and its former stable block is Grade II. But both have been derelict since the Tricorn public house closed in 2017.  The town's 19th century Anglican churches are also listed buildings, including the Grade II* All Saints (1849) and St John's (1897), and the Grade II Holy Trinity (1838), Christ Church (1841) and St Mary's (1851).
The Runcorn home of the Duke of Bridgewater, Bridgewater House, is a prominent landmark and Grade II listed building on the banks of the Manchester Ship Canal where a flight of locks from his canal once stood. The home of a later industrialist, Thomas Johnson, became Runcorn Town Hall, a Grade II listed Italianate building with similarities to Osborne House on the Isle of Wight. 
The landmarks largest in scale are the three bridges which span the River Mersey and the Manchester Ship Canal at Runcorn. Runcorn Railway Bridge and the Silver Jubilee Bridge are Grade II*and II listed buildings respectively while the Mersey Gateway Bridge was officially opened in 2018 by Queen Elizabeth II and the Duchess of Sussex.  Norton Water Tower is another prominent Grade II listed landmark at 112 ft (34 m) high. 
Runcorn War Memorial is Grade II listed and commemorates those who died in the First and Second World Wars, as well as those killed in later conflicts.  The garden contains a statue of Thomas Alfred Jones who was awarded the Victoria Cross in the First World War. There is a memorial in Halton Village commemorating residents who served in the Boer War.
Runcorn Shopping City, at the heart of the New Town, was designed by Fred Roche CBE and at the time of its construction was the largest covered shopping centre in Europe.  It was opened by Queen Elizabeth II in 1972. 
The Brindley is a theatre and arts centre which opened in 2004. It is situated in the old town and named after James Brindley, engineer of the adjacent Bridgewater Canal.  It contains a proscenium theatre seating 420 and a multi-purpose theatre seating 108, The Studio, which doubles as a cinema. There is an exhibition space for art installations, a small café and multi-purpose rooms. The centre is owned and administered by Halton Borough Council which runs community events in the building.  In 2007, it won the title of 'Best Arts Project in the UK' at the National Lottery Awards.  A multiplex cinema run by Cineworld is in Trident Retail Park. 
Runcorn is served by two weekly newspapers: the Runcorn & Widnes Weekly News, published by Trinity Mirror North West & North Wales and hosted online by the Liverpool Echo,  and the Runcorn and Widnes World, published by Newsquest.  The town is also home to Halton Community Radio, a volunteer-run radio station which broadcasts over the Runcorn and Widnes area on the frequency 92.3FM.  It was launched on 8 August 2008 with a five-year licence to broadcast. 
The BBC situation comedy Two Pints of Lager and a Packet of Crisps was set in Runcorn and included external shots of the former Waterloo Hotel (known in the programme as The Archer), the Silver Jubilee Bridge and Halton Castle.  Drop Dead Gorgeous, a drama on BBC Three, was also set in Runcorn.  The first two series of the BBC police drama Merseybeat featured sequences of the town  and areas of Runcorn old town featured in The Five TV crime drama series on Sky1. Norton Priory has been used as a location in historical dramas, sitcoms and children's programmes, including Little Birds, Bone Detectives (Channel 4), Island at War, Casanova and Young Dracula.  The Silver Jubilee Bridge featured in the Netflix series, Stay Close.  Runcorn was a setting in the Netflix series, The Last Kingdom, although no scenes were filmed in the town. 
The Runcorn Ferry is a monologue written by Marriott Edgar and popularised by Stanley Holloway celebrating the ancient river crossing which existed from the 12th century until the construction of the Transporter Bridge in 1905. It includes the lines:
Per tuppence per person per trip ... Per trip or per part of per trip. 
- Town Park forms the centre of the eastern part of the New Town. It is accessible from all of the surrounding communities and links them to Shopping City. There is a privately operated dry ski slope in the park in addition to a volunteer-run 7 1/4" gauge miniature railway, first opened in 1979, which runs through the park for almost a mile. 
- Phoenix Park adjoins Town Park to the north and includes a cafe, rock climbing wall, skate park and BMX track. There is a pavilion, walking routes along the Bridgewater Canal, woodland walks, a lake, picnic benches and a children's playground.  Footpaths lead to Norton Priory.
- Runcorn Hill Park and Local Nature Reserve is in the centre of the western part of the town, partly on a dis-used nineteenth-century quarry. It holds a Green Flag Award and incorporates natural woodland and heathland with more formal landscaping, playing fields, a bandstand, model boating lake, sporting facilities and cafe. A Chirotherium dinosaur footprint discovered in the quarry can be viewed in the cafe.
- Wigg Island is a large park and nature reserve to the north on the banks of the Mersey and Manchester Ship Canal. The community park was opened on 19 April 2002 by the Mayor of Halton and Bill Oddie. The island is named after Charles Wigg. It covers 23 hectares of a former industrial site and includes several bird watching hides. It is reached via The Old Quay Bridge, a Grade II listed swing bridge built in 1894.
There are three privately run swimming pools at Beechwood Community Centre, INARA club and Holiday Inn Runcorn. The local authority runs two leisure centres and swimming pools at Runcorn Swimming Pool and Brookvale Recreation Centre in addition to outdoor sporting facilities in its parks. 
Runcorn's hospital is Halton General Hospital, which is administered by the Warrington and Halton Teaching Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust. It has an Urgent Care Centre but acute medical services are provided by Warrington Hospital.  The Cheshire and Merseyside Treatment Centre, a purpose-built hospital for orthopaedic surgery, is on the same site.  Halton Haven Hospice is in the Murdishaw area of the town.  The body responsible for planning health services in Runcorn, including primary care, is the Halton Clinical Commissioning Group. 
The town has two senior football teams – Runcorn Linnets FC and Runcorn Town FC. It also has a Sunday League and a Junior League. There is an open age women's team, Runcorn Ladies FC, which is affiliated to Liverpool FA and plays in the Liverpool County Women's Open Age Division.
It has several Sunday League teams - Runcorn Sports First Team, Runcorn Sports Third Team, Runcorn Sports U21s, Runcorn Sports Reserves, Runcorn Sports Ladies, and Runcorn Albion.
The town also has several clubs from U-6 to U-18 level, including Linnets, Weston Point, Beechwood, Brookvale and more - all who play in district leagues and development leagues.
Runcorn Linnets were formed as a trust-based team in 2006 from the now defunct Runcorn F.C. Halton. It has existed in various guises since 1918, and its performance peaked in 1982 when it won the Alliance Premier League, then the highest division below the Football League. 
Runcorn Town was formed in 1970 as Mond Rangers FC with the club changing their name in 2005 in order to "try and bring a more professional look to the club in general, and increase support from both businesses and individuals in the local community."  After finishing in third place in the West Cheshire League at the end of the 2009/10 season, the club were elected to join the North West Counties League at their AGM, the highest level that they have ever played at. 
In the late 19th century, and prior to the 1895 schism, rugby union was played at the now defunct Runcorn RFC. When the rugby football schism occurred in 1895, Runcorn became founder members of the Northern Rugby Football Union (now Rugby Football League). Runcorn finished bottom of the league in the 1914–15 season and did not recommence playing in the aftermath of the First World War.
Rugby league in the town is now represented by Runcorn RLC.
Runcorn Sports Club in Higher Runcorn hosts several clubs, including Runcorn Cricket Club, Hockey Club, Running Club and Subscription Bowling Club. 
Weston Angling Club Runcorn is a private fishing club which owns Sandymoor Pool in the east of the town. 
Runcorn Ski Centre in Town Park consists of three dry ski slopes: an 85-metre main slope, a 45-metre extended nursery slope, and a 25-metre nursery slope. The centre runs both skiing and snowboarding lessons. 
Runcorn had a professional wrestling school and promotion called the Runcorn Wrestling Academy (RWA) from 2005 until 2020, when it closed following allegations of sexual harassment during the Speaking Out movement. 
- Elizabeth Jocelin (1595–1622), writer 
- Francis William Bourdillon (1852–1921), poet, translator, bibliophile, and scholar 
- Sir Hall Caine (1853–1931), novelist, dramatist, short story writer, poet and critic. World War I allied propagandist. Awarded Order of Leopold (Belgium). 
- Alistair Taylor (1935–2004) assistant to Brian Epstein and General Manager of Apple Corps 
- Anna Keaveney (1949–2004), actress 
- Martin Roscoe (born 1952), classical pianist 
- John Bishop (born 1966), comedian, presenter, and actor 
- Phil Collins (born 1970), artist 
- Pete Edmunds (born c. 1972), actor, voice actor, photographer, and artist
- Kym Marsh (born 1976), singer and actress 
- Raymond Waring (born 1977), actor 
- Susan Nickson (born 1982), television writer and producer 
- Nicola Roberts (born 1985), singer and member of girl band Girls Aloud 
- The Barony of Halton (1071–1413) comprised a succession of 15 barons; the seat of the Barons of Halton was Halton Castle
- Richard Brooke (died 1569), bought the manor of Norton from Henry VIII in 1545
- John Savage, 2nd Earl Rivers (c. 1603–1654), politician and royalist
- Sir Henry Brooke, 1st Baronet (1611–1664), soldier and politician
- Sir John Chesshyre (1662–1738), lawyer 
- Nathan Alcock (1707–1779), physician 
- Thomas Alcock (1709–1798), Vicar of Runcorn, writer, cider maker 
- Thomas Hazlehurst (1816–1876), Methodist who paid for the construction of 12 chapels and three schools in the area 
- Sir John Rigby PC (1834–1903), judge, politician, and MP for Wisbech 
- William Allen Whitworth (1840–1905), mathematician and priest in the Church of England 
- Thomas Alfred Jones VC, DCM (1880–1956), awarded the Victoria Cross and Distinguished Conduct Medal during World War I 
- Wilson Baker FRS (1900–2002), organic chemist
- John Riley Holt FRS (1918–2009), Professor of Experimental Physics at Liverpool University, helped develop the atom bomb 
- Harry Speakman (1864–1915), rugby player
- Samuel Houghton (1870–1920), rugby player
- Jack Fish (1880–1940), rugby player
- Dick Padbury (1886–unknown), rugby player
- Ernie Shaw (1894–unknown) rugby player
- Robert Done (1904–1982), footballer
- Bridget Duke-Wooley (1915–1976), alpine skier, competed in the 1948 Winter Olympics
- Ray Dutton (born 1945), rugby player
- Graham Abel (born 1960), footballer 
- Robin Reid (born 1971), boxer 
- Kieron Durkan (1973–2018), footballer
- Mike Jackson (born 1973), footballer 
- Kenny Lunt (born 1979), footballer 
- Lorna Webb (born 1983), professional cyclist
- Scott Brown (born 1985), footballer 
- Jimmy McNulty (born 1985), footballer 
- Shauna Coxsey MBE (born 1993), professional rock climber 
- Thomas Hazlehurst (1779–1842), founder of soap and alkali manufacturer Hazlehurst & Sons
- Charles Wigg (1824–1899), manufacturer of chemicals at Wigg Works, which later became Wigg Island
- Hamilton Castner (1858–1899), American industrial chemist, formed the Castner-Kellner Alkali Company in Runcorn, which operates the Castner–Kellner process
- Sir William Edward Dudley (1868–1938), president of the Co-operative Wholesale Society 
- UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Runcorn Built-up area (E35001305)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 26 May 2020.
- "Coordinate Distance Calculator". boulter.com. Archived from the original on 8 March 2016. Retrieved 8 March 2016.
- Nickson 1887, pp. 6–13.
- Greene 1989, pp. 1–9.
- Starkey 1983, pp. 19–24. and Starkey 1990, pp. 125–130.
- Starkey 1990, pp. 133–137.
- Ling, Arthur (1967). Runcorn New Town Master Plan (PDF). Runcorn Development Corporation. OCLC 311425. Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 June 2018. Retrieved 25 February 2018.
- Halton Borough Council. "2011 Census Halton key statistics profile" (PDF). Census and Statistics. Archived from the original (PDF) on 19 August 2020. Retrieved 31 October 2019.
- "Runcorn – Coat of arms (crest) of Runcorn". Heraldry of the World. Archived from the original on 2 March 2018. Retrieved 1 March 2018.
- Nickson 1887, p. 5. and Starkey 1990, p. 4.
- Starkey 1990, pp. 1–4.
- Nickson 1887, pp. 6–13. The foundations of the fort were discovered during the building of the railway bridge but were covered by an abutment of the bridge.
- Starkey 1990, pp. 7–8.
- Greene 1989, p. 151. and Nickson 1887, p. 39.
- Historic England, "Remains of Rock Savage (1330365)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 4 April 2015
- Starkey 1990, pp. 57–58.
- King, Daniel, The Vale Royal of England, 1656 (quoted in Starkey 1990, p. 73.).
- Starkey 1990, p. 173.
- Nickson 1887, pp. 176–177.
- Fowler, G. (1834). The Visitor's Guide to Runcorn and its Vicinity. W. Walker. p. 45.
- Nickson 1887, p. 176.
- Vardy, Peter I. (2006). "Thomas Hazlehurst and his family: Methodism and the Early Chemical Industry in Runcorn in the Nineteenth Century". Cheshire History. 45: 67–82. ISSN 0141-8696.
- Nickson 1887, p. 206.
- Starkey 1990, pp. 160–162.
- Starkey 1983, p. 184.
- Thompson 2000, p. 17.
- "Halton Business Directory". Halton Borough Council. Archived from the original on 22 August 2007. Retrieved 1 September 2007.
- "Runcorn New Town – 5. Designation Order Material". rudi.net. Archived from the original on 18 October 2014. Retrieved 24 July 2020.
- "Runcorn New Town – 5.3 Minister's letter". rudi.net. Archived from the original on 22 October 2014. Retrieved 24 July 2020.
- Renison, Nathan (8 April 2014). "What happened to the New Towns?". The Planner. Archived from the original on 23 July 2020. Retrieved 23 July 2020.
- Couch, Chris; Fowles, Steven (2006). "Britain: Runcorn – A Tale of Two Centres". Built Environment. 32 (1): 88–102. doi: 10.2148/benv.32.1.88. JSTOR 23289488.
- "The New Towns Record – Planning the New Towns...In their own words" (PDF). Idox Knowledge Exchange. May 2016. Archived (PDF) from the original on 28 February 2021. Retrieved 23 July 2020.
- "Runcorn New Town – 7.6 Town centre". rudi.net. Archived from the original on 18 October 2014. Retrieved 24 July 2020.
- "Runcorn New Town Master Plan Amendment No.1" (PDF). Runcorn Development Corporation. 1971. Archived from the original (PDF) on 11 April 2013. Retrieved 24 July 2020.
- "Runcorn New Town Master Plan Amendment No.2" (PDF). Runcorn Development Corporation. 1975. Archived from the original (PDF) on 11 April 2013. Retrieved 24 July 2020.
- "Runcorn, Cheshire – 'Mark Two' New Town – Designated 10 April 1964". Town and Country Planning Association. Archived from the original on 15 July 2020. Retrieved 23 July 2020.
- "Unhappy customers". BD: The Architects' Website. 30 March 2007. Archived from the original on 28 September 2007. Retrieved 27 July 2007.
- Hugh Pearman (15 January 2015). "Naked and Demolished in Runcorn: The Scandalous Tale of James Stirling's Lost Utopia". FLASHBAK. Archived from the original on 21 July 2020. Retrieved 21 July 2020.
- "New Towns: Follow-Up – Ninth Report of Session 2007–08" (PDF). House of Commons. 11 July 2008. Archived (PDF) from the original on 26 April 2021. Retrieved 23 July 2020.
- "Your Councillors". Halton Borough Council. Archived from the original on 27 June 2013. Retrieved 23 June 2013.
- Phillips & Phillips 2002, p. 27.
- Phillips & Phillips 2002, p. 9.
- Starkey 1990, p. 193.
- Phillips & Phillips 2002, p. 11.
- "The Borough of Halton". Halton Borough Council. Archived from the original on 22 September 2008. Retrieved 23 June 2013.
- "Derek Twigg". UK Parliament. Archived from the original on 5 July 2013. Retrieved 23 June 2013.
- Phillips & Phillips 2002, p. 100.
- Phillips & Phillips 2002, pp. 102–103.
- Starkey 1990, p. 221..
- "Lord Carlisle of Bucklow". The Daily Telegraph. 19 July 2005. Archived from the original on 12 January 2022. Retrieved 23 June 2013.
- "Halton Landscape Character Assessment 2008" (PDF). Halton Borough Council. Archived (PDF) from the original on 23 July 2020. Retrieved 23 July 2020.
- "Runcorn New Town". Halton Borough Council. Archived from the original on 16 February 2007. Retrieved 28 June 2007.
- Liverpool, St Helens, Widnes & Runcorn:Explorer 275 map, Ordnance Survey.
- "Floodbrook Clough". Woodland Trust. Archived from the original on 29 September 2020. Retrieved 23 July 2020.
- "Cheshire Historic Towns Survey – Runcorn and Halton Archaeological Assessment" (PDF). Cheshire County Council and English Heritage. Archived (PDF) from the original on 12 July 2020. Retrieved 12 July 2020.
- "Runcorn UD through time – Population Statistics". University of Portsmouth. Archived from the original on 14 July 2020. Retrieved 13 July 2020.
- "2011 Census Halton key statistics profile" (PDF). Halton Borough Council. Archived (PDF) from the original on 11 June 2017. Retrieved 23 June 2018.
- "Chester Diocese:Frodsham Deanery". The Church of England: Diocese of Chester. Archived from the original on 3 February 2007. Retrieved 2 April 2007.
- "Churches in Runcorn". Halton Borough Council. Archived from the original on 30 September 2007. Retrieved 2 April 2007.
- "The Diocese of Shrewsbury". The Roman Catholic Diocese of Shrewsbury. Archived from the original on 17 April 2009. Retrieved 23 June 2018.
- "Home". Wat Phra Singh UK. Archived from the original on 21 May 2017. Retrieved 3 January 2017.
- "Halton Business Guide and Directory" (PDF). Burrows Communications Limited. Archived (PDF) from the original on 21 July 2020. Retrieved 21 July 2020.
- "ICI says goodbye to Chlor-Chemicals". The Engineer. 5 December 2000. Archived from the original on 13 March 2014. Retrieved 30 August 2011.
- "Runcorn Site, UNITED KINGDOM". Inovyn. Archived from the original on 31 October 2019. Retrieved 31 October 2019.
- "Rocksavage – InterGen". InterGen. Archived from the original on 24 September 2020. Retrieved 7 October 2020.
- "Runcorn Energy Recovery Facility". Viridor. Archived from the original on 31 October 2019. Retrieved 31 October 2019.
- "the heath ... the best place for your business". The Heath Business and Technical Park. Archived from the original on 3 May 2007. Retrieved 29 March 2007.
- "Economic Assessment and Halton 2030" (PDF). Halton Borough Council. 24 September 2018. Archived (PDF) from the original on 21 July 2020. Retrieved 21 July 2020.
- Halton Borough Council. "This is Halton: An Essential Guide to Living and Working in Halton" (PDF). Runcorn and Widnes – Make Halton Your Business. Archived (PDF) from the original on 28 February 2018. Retrieved 27 February 2018.
- "Peel Ports Group". Peel Ports Group. Archived from the original on 12 March 2013. Retrieved 18 August 2008.
- "FLX Logistics". FLX Logistics. Archived from the original on 23 April 2021. Retrieved 23 April 2021.
- "About us – Eddie Stobart Logistics". Eddie Stobart Logistics PLC. Archived from the original on 16 May 2020. Retrieved 31 October 2019.
- "Runcorn". C M Downton (Haulage Contractors) Ltd. Archived from the original on 31 October 2019. Retrieved 31 October 2019.
- "Halton Unitary in Figures". Halton Borough Council. Archived from the original on 2 July 2007. Retrieved 4 April 2007.
- "Regional Gross Value Added" (PDF). Office for National Statistics. 21 December 2005. p. 242. Archived from the original (PDF) on 26 February 2007. Retrieved 7 April 2007.
- "Town centres". Halton Borough Council. Archived from the original on 13 May 2007. Retrieved 28 June 2007.
- "Halton Lea". Halton Borough Council. Archived from the original on 16 February 2007. Retrieved 28 June 2007.
- "Cycling and walking". Halton Borough Council. Archived from the original on 23 June 2018. Retrieved 23 June 2018.
- Lesley, Lewis (1983). "Runcorn – A Rapid Transit New Town?". Built Environment. 9 (3/4): 234. JSTOR 23286723.
- "Runcorn New Town – 7.3 Transport". rudi.net. Archived from the original on 18 October 2014. Retrieved 24 July 2020.
- Crabtree, Gordon (6 August 1971). "Runcorn Busway creates worldwide interest". Commercial Motor. Archived from the original on 25 July 2020. Retrieved 25 July 2020.
- "Bus timetables in Halton". Halton Borough Council. Archived from the original on 16 July 2020. Retrieved 16 July 2020.
- "Coach hire Liverpool, Manchester, Merseyside, the Wirral and Cheshire". Selwyns Travel Ltd. Archived from the original on 7 July 2013. Retrieved 23 June 2013.
- "Anthony's Travel". Anthony's Travel. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 28 June 2007.
- Landranger 108, 109 and 117 maps, Ordnance Survey
- "Trains – information and advice". Halton Borough Council. Archived from the original on 30 August 2013. Retrieved 23 June 2013.
- "Norton Priory Museum & Gardens". Archived from the original on 20 July 2020. Retrieved 21 July 2020.
- "Listed Buildings in Halton" (PDF). Halton Borough Council. Retrieved 23 June 2013.[ permanent dead link]
- Hartwell et al. 2011, p. 561 harvnb error: no target: CITEREFHartwellHydeHubbardPevsner2011 ( help)
- "The Queen and Meghan Markle to officially open Mersey Gateway Bridge". Liverpool Echo. 4 June 2018. Archived from the original on 21 July 2020. Retrieved 21 July 2020.
- Starkey 1990, p. 162.
- "Runcorn War Memorial, non Civil Parish - 1437933 | Historic England". Archived from the original on 24 February 2019. Retrieved 24 February 2019.
- "Commercial Opportunities". Runcorn Shopping City. Archived from the original on 27 February 2018. Retrieved 27 February 2018.
- "Background". The Brindley. Archived from the original on 28 May 2013. Retrieved 23 June 2013.
- "Facilities". The Brindley. Archived from the original on 29 May 2013. Retrieved 23 June 2013.
- "Cineworld: Runcorn". Cineworld Cinemas. Archived from the original on 24 October 2007. Retrieved 28 June 2007.
- "Runcorn and Widnes". Liverpool Echo. Archived from the original on 21 July 2020. Retrieved 21 July 2020.
- "Runcorn and Widnes World". Archived from the original on 20 July 2020. Retrieved 21 July 2020.
- "Halton Community Radio 92.3 FM". Archived from the original on 21 July 2020. Retrieved 21 July 2020.
- Glynn, Paul (6 November 2008). "Station tunes in for relaunch". Runcorn Weekly News. Archived from the original on 27 July 2011. Retrieved 9 April 2009.
- "Two Pints of Lager & a Packet of Crisps". BBC. Archived from the original on 21 March 2007. Retrieved 30 March 2007. 2007
- "Drop Dead Gorgeous". BBC. Archived from the original on 15 March 2007. Retrieved 30 March 2007.
- "Mersey Beat (2001–2004)". IMDb. 16 July 2001. Archived from the original on 26 January 2013. Retrieved 23 June 2013.
- "Filming at Norton Priory". Norton Priory Museum & Gardens. Archived from the original on 13 January 2022. Retrieved 12 January 2022.
- Heale, Jack (11 January 2022). "Netflix gives shoutout to Silver Jubilee Bridge in Stay Close". Runcorn Widnes World. Newsquest Media Group Ltd. Archived from the original on 11 January 2022. Retrieved 12 January 2022.
- Clay, Oliver (16 March 2022). "'Something feels wrong' - Season 5 of Netflix series The Last Kingdom heads to Runcorn". Liverpool Echo. Reach plc. Retrieved 26 April 2022.
- "The Runcorn Ferry". monologues.co.uk. Archived from the original on 17 May 2014.
- "Library Opening Hours". Halton Borough Council. Archived from the original on 17 November 2017. Retrieved 1 March 2018.
- "Contact Us". Halton Borough Council. Archived from the original on 2 March 2018. Retrieved 1 March 2018.
- "What is The Mersey Forest?". The Mersey Forest. Archived from the original on 25 March 2018. Retrieved 1 March 2018.
- "Parks and Allotments". Halton Borough Council. Archived from the original on 2 March 2018. Retrieved 1 March 2018.
- "Halton Miniature Railway". Halton Miniature Railway. Archived from the original on 22 September 2017. Retrieved 10 March 2018.
- "PHOENIX PARK – Windmill Hill Online". Archived from the original on 30 September 2018. Retrieved 27 February 2019.
- "Sports in Halton". Halton Borough Council. Archived from the original on 13 April 2007. Retrieved 29 March 2007.
- "Halton General Hospital". Warrington and Halton Teaching Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust. Archived from the original on 21 July 2020. Retrieved 22 July 2020.
- "Cheshire and Merseyside Treatment Centre". Warrington and Halton Teaching Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust. Archived from the original on 21 July 2020. Retrieved 22 July 2020.
- "Halton Haven Hospice". Halton Haven Hospice. Archived from the original on 2 March 2018. Retrieved 1 March 2018.
- "Halton CCG Home". Halton Clinical Commissioning Group. Archived from the original on 19 June 2015. Retrieved 1 March 2018.
- "Runcorn Police Station – Cheshire Police". Cheshire Constabulary. Archived from the original on 5 July 2017. Retrieved 23 June 2018.
- "Runcorn Fire Station". Cheshire Fire and Rescue Service. Archived from the original on 23 June 2018. Retrieved 23 June 2018.
- "A History of Runcorn AFC/Runcorn FC Halton". Runcorn Linnets FC. Archived from the original on 19 July 2011. Retrieved 25 July 2010.
- "Club History". Runcorn Town FC. Archived from the original on 5 December 2010. Retrieved 27 October 2010.
- Bergin, Dave (24 June 2010). "Football: Runcorn Town accepted into Vodkat League". Runcorn Weekly News. icCheshireOnline. Archived from the original on 1 August 2010. Retrieved 27 October 2010.
- "Runcorn Sports Club". Archived from the original on 11 July 2020. Retrieved 11 July 2020.
- "Runcorn Rowing Club". Runcorn Rowing Club. Archived from the original on 5 February 2008. Retrieved 29 March 2007.
- "Weston Angling Club Runcorn". Archived from the original on 15 May 2021. Retrieved 15 May 2021.
- "Runcorn Golf Club". English Golf Courses. Archived from the original on 27 April 2007. Retrieved 25 April 2007.
- "Heath Tennis Club". Archived from the original on 11 July 2020. Retrieved 11 July 2020.
- "Runcorn Ski Centre". Runcorn Ski Centre. Archived from the original on 3 April 2007. Retrieved 29 March 2007.
- "Wrestling school shuts suddenly amid sexual harassment allegations". Liverpool Echo. Archived from the original on 6 July 2020. Retrieved 6 July 2020.
- Cannan, Edwin (1892). Lee, Sidney (ed.). . Dictionary of National Biography, 1885–1900. London: Elder Smith & Co. Vol. 29 – via Wikisource.
- "Francis William Bourdillon". PoemHunter.com. Archived from the original on 17 May 2016. Retrieved 4 May 2016.
- Allen, Vivien (1997). Hall Caine: Portrait of a Victorian Romancer. Sheffield Academic Press. ISBN 1-85075-809-3.
- "IMDb Database". IMDb. Archived from the original on 19 February 2017. Retrieved 26 July 2018.
- "IMDb Database". IMDb. Archived from the original on 19 February 2017. Retrieved 26 July 2018.
- Morrison, Bryce (2001). "Martin Roscoe". Grove Music Online (8th ed.). Oxford University Press.
- Jamieson, Teddy (20 July 2010). "The rise and rise of comic John Bishop". Herald Scotland. Herald and Times Group. Archived from the original on 13 February 2012. Retrieved 22 February 2011.
- Gaertner Gerbracht, Kerry (15 October 2013). "Pop Politics: An Interview with Phil Collins". Art in America. Archived from the original on 26 July 2018. Retrieved 26 July 2018.
- "Ex Hear'Say star's passion for Runcorn". CheshireLive. 27 April 2006. Archived from the original on 13 April 2009. Retrieved 2 December 2021.
- "Raymond Waring". IMDb. Archived from the original on 20 May 2012. Retrieved 14 September 2013.
- "Two Pints of Lager And a Packet of Crisps" (Press release). BBC. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 6 April 2009.
- "About Nicola". Nicola Roberts [dot net]. Archived from the original on 30 April 2007. Retrieved 23 April 2007.
- McMullen Rigg, James (1887). Stephen, Leslie (ed.). . Dictionary of National Biography, 1885–1900. London: Elder Smith & Co. Vol. 10 – via Wikisource.
- Moore, Norman (1904). Lee, Sidney (ed.). . Dictionary of National Biography, 1885–1900. London: Smith, Elder & Co. Vol. 1 – via Wikisource.
- Low, Sidney James Mark (1885). Stephen, Leslie (ed.). . Dictionary of National Biography, 1885–1900. London: Elder Smith & Co. Vol. 1 – via Wikisource.
- Vardy, P.I. "Thomas Hazlehurst and his family". Cheshire History. 2005–2006 (45).
- Beresford Atlay, James (1912). Lee, Sidney (ed.). . Dictionary of National Biography, 1912 supplement. London: Smith, Elder & Co. Vol. 3 – via Wikisource.
- Owen, D.J. (1912). Lee, Sidney (ed.). . Dictionary of National Biography, 1912 supplement. London: Smith, Elder & Co. Vol. 3 – via Wikisource.
- Thompson, Dave (2002). I Laughed Like Blazes!: The Life of Private Thomas 'Todger' Jones VC, DCM. D. Thompson. OCLC 49907277.
- Bremner, Charles; Robertson, David (9 March 2009). "Professor John Holt: experimental physicist". The Times. Archived from the original on 3 December 2021. Retrieved 2 December 2021.
- "Graham Abel". SoccerBase Database. Archived from the original on 26 July 2018. Retrieved 26 July 2018.
- "Robin Reid". BoxRec.com. Archived from the original on 26 July 2018. Retrieved 26 July 2018.
- "Mike Jackson". SoccerBase Database. Archived from the original on 17 June 2018. Retrieved 26 July 2018.
- "Kenny Lunt". SoccerBase Database. Archived from the original on 26 July 2018. Retrieved 26 July 2018.
- "21. Scott Brown". SoccerBase Database. Archived from the original on 26 July 2018. Retrieved 26 July 2018.
- "4. Jim McNulty". SoccerBase Database. Archived from the original on 26 July 2018. Retrieved 26 July 2018.
- "Runcorn rock-climber second best on the planet after winning silver at Bouldering World Cup". Runcorn and Widnes Weekly News. Archived from the original on 18 August 2014. Retrieved 4 July 2014.
- Purvis, Martin (2004). "Dudley, Sir William Edward (1868–1938)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi: 10.1093/ref:odnb/50551. Retrieved 13 July 2015. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.) ((subscription or UK public library membership required))
- Greene, J. Patrick (1989). Norton Priory: The archaeology of a medieval religious house. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-33054-8.
- Nickson, Charles (1887). History of Runcorn; with an account of the ancient village of Weston ... Drawings by H. Fitton. [Reprinted from the "Runcorn Guardian."]. London and Warrington: Mackie & Co. OCLC 5389146. Archived from the original on 27 July 2020. Retrieved 26 July 2020.
- Phillips, A.D.M.; Phillips, C.B. (2002). A New Historical Atlas of Cheshire. Chester: Cheshire County Council. ISBN 0-904532-46-1.
- Starkey, H.F. (1983). Schooner Port: Two Centuries of Upper Mersey Sail. Ormskirk: G.W. & A. Hesketh. ISBN 0-905777-34-4.
- Starkey, H.F. (1990). Old Runcorn. Halton Borough Council.
- Thompson, Dave (2000). Bridging the Years: The Story of Runcorn-Widnes Transporter Bridge. Runcorn: Dave Thompson.
- Cowan, C.A. (1990). Runcorn Ferry and Hale Ford. Crossing the Runcorn Gap. Halton Borough Council.
- Cowan, C.A. (1990). Runcorn Railway Bridge. Crossing the Runcorn Gap. Halton Borough Council.
- Cowan, C.A. (1990). Runcorn Town Hall: A History and Description. Halton Borough Council.
- Cowan, C.A. (1992). Early Bridging Proposals. Crossing the Runcorn Gap. Halton Borough Council.
- Halton Borough Council (1978). The Bridging of Runcorn Gap. Halton Borough Council.
- Howard, Liz. (1993). The Way We Were – Runcorn Remembered: A Social History. Manchester: Aurora. ISBN 1-85926-031-4.
- Howard, Liz. (1995). Runcorn in Old Picture Postcards. Back in Time. Zaltbommel: European Library. ISBN 90-288-6124-6.
- Nicolle, Dorothy (2004). Widnes and Runcorn: Photographic Memories. Salisbury: Frith Book Company. ISBN 1-85937-854-4.
- Starkey, H.F. (1980). Runcorn in Times Past. Chorley: Countryside Publications. ISBN 0-86157-032-4.
- Starkey, H.F. (1994). Runcorn. The Old Photographs Series. Bath: Alan Sutton. ISBN 0-7524-0025-8.
- Starkey, H.F. (1999). Runcorn – The Second Selection. Images of England. Stroud: Tempus. ISBN 0-7524-1826-2.
- Starkey, H.F. (2005). Runcorn: A Century of Change. Images of England. Stroud: Tempus. ISBN 0-7524-3617-1.
- Starkey, H.F. (2008). Runcorn: A Town not so New. Gwespyr, Flintshire: MiddleView. ISBN 978-1-902964-08-9.
- Thompson, Dave (2000a). Over the Hill: An Historical Look at Runcorn Hill and its Locality. Runcorn: Dave Thompson.
- Thompson, Dave (2000b). Bridging the Mersey: A Pictorial History. Back in Time. Zaltbommel: European Library. ISBN 90-288-2640-8.
- Thompson, Dave (2001). Bridging Us Together: The Story of Runcorn–Widnes Bridge. Runcorn: Dave Thompson.
- Thompson, Dave (2004). The Changing Face of Runcorn. Britain in Old Photographs. Stroud: Sutton. ISBN 0-7509-3507-3.
- Whimperley, Arthur (1981). Halton Castle: An Introduction and Visitors' Handbook. Widnes: Arthur Whimperley.
- Whimperley, Arthur (1986). The Barons of Halton. Widnes: MailBook Publishing.
- Runcorn & District Historical Society.
- Resource for Urban Development International on Runcorn New Town