Roy O. Disney Information (Person)

From Wikipedia
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roy_O._Disney

Roy O. Disney
Roy O. Disney with Company at Press Conference.jpg
Disney in 1965
Chief Executive Officer of The Walt Disney Company
Tenure
1929 (1929)–1971 (1971)
Preceded byPosition established
Succeeded by Donn Tatum
President of The Walt Disney Company
Tenure
1945 (1945)–1968 (1968)
Preceded by Walt Disney
Succeeded by Donn Tatum
Personal details
Born
Roy Oliver Disney

(1893-06-24)June 24, 1893
Chicago, Illinois, U.S.
DiedDecember 20, 1971(1971-12-20) (aged 78)
Burbank, California, U.S.
Resting place Forest Lawn Memorial Park, Los Angeles, California, U.S.
Political party Republican
Spouse(s)
Edna Francis
( m. 1925)
RelationsSee Disney family
Children Roy E. Disney
Parent(s)Flora Call Disney
Elias Disney
OccupationEntertainment industry executive

Roy Oliver Disney ( /ˈdɪzni/; [1] June 24, 1893 – December 20, 1971) [2] was an American businessman and co-founder of The Walt Disney Company. He was the older brother of Walt Disney and the father of Roy E. Disney.

Biography

Early life

Disney was born to Irish-Canadian Elias Charles Disney and English-German-American Flora Call Disney in Chicago, Illinois. The family moved to Marceline, Missouri and to Kansas City in 1911. On July 1, 1911, Elias purchased a newspaper delivery route for The Kansas City Star. It extended from 27th Street to the 31st Street, and from Prospect Avenue to Indiana Avenue. Roy and his brother, Walt worked as newspaper delivery-boys. [3] The family delivered the morning newspaper, The Kansas City Times, to approximately 700 customers, and The Kansas City Star to more than 600. The number of customers served increased with time. [4]

Disney graduated from the Manual Training High School of Kansas City in 1912. He left the paper delivery route and worked on a farm in the summer. He was then employed as a bank clerk along with brother Raymond Arnold Disney at the First National Bank of Kansas City. [4]

Disney served in the United States Navy from 1917 to 1919. [4] Roy contracted tuberculosis and was therefore discharged from military duty. He forsook his banking career and hospital bed and in 1923, [5] brother Walt joined Roy in Hollywood and the two planned the start of Disney Brothers Studio. The brothers ordered kit houses from Los Angeles-based Pacific Ready Cut Homes and, in 1928, built their homes adjacently on Lyric Avenue in the Los Feliz neighborhood. [6]

Walt Disney Productions

While Walt led the creative side, Roy guided the business side and finances. [3] Together Roy and Walt founded Disney Studios as brothers, but Walt later bought out most of Roy's share in 1929 [7] so, unlike Max and Dave Fleischer of rival Fleischer Studios, Roy was not a co-producer. However, Roy was an equal partner in all facets of the production company.

Disney became the company's first CEO in 1929, although the official title was not given to him until 1966. He also shared the role of chairman of the board with Walt from 1945 and succeeded Walt in the position of President around this time as well. He held the position until 1968 when he handed it to Donn Tatum. In 1960, Walt dropped the chairman title so he could focus more on the creative aspects of the company. Following Walt's death in 1966, Roy postponed his retirement to oversee construction of what was then known as Disney World. [5] He later renamed it Walt Disney World as a tribute to his brother.

Personal life

Roy was married to Edna Francis from April 1925 until his death. Roy met Edna Francis in Kansas City, Missouri when she worked at The Kansas City Times along with close friend Meredith A. Boyington and she introduced Meredith to Raymond Arnold Disney, who was an older brother to Roy O. Disney. Raymond and Meredith were married, and were lifetime close friends to Edna and Roy and they had two sons: Charles Elias Disney and Daniel H. Disney. [8] Roy and Edna's son Roy Edward Disney, was born on January 10, 1930. [9] Roy Edward Disney later was vice chairman of The Walt Disney Company. Throughout his life, Roy Oliver Disney rejected the publicity and fame that came with being Walt's brother. Roy's nephew Charles Elias Disney chose to name his son Charles Roy Disney in Roy's honor. [10] Roy remained a member of the Freemasons for decades before he resigned his membership. [11]

Death

Disney's star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame

After the opening of Walt Disney World in October 1971, Roy finally retired and died on December 20, 1971 from a stroke aged 78. He is interred in Forest Lawn Memorial Park (Hollywood Hills) next to his wife Edna Francis in Los Angeles. [12]

Legacy

Walt Disney World Railroad No. 4 Roy O. Disney

One of the Walt Disney World Railroad locomotives was named after Roy. [13] On June 6, 2002, his son Roy E. Disney rededicated this locomotive in his father's honor. [14] As of 2016, this locomotive turned a hundred years old. [15] One of the Hong Kong Disneyland Railroad locomotives is also named the Roy O. Disney. [16]

The Roy O. Disney Concert Hall, the primary performance space for the Herb Alpert School of Music at the California Institute of the Arts (of which Disney was a benefactor), is named after him.

A statue of Roy seated on a park bench beside Minnie Mouse is located in the Town Square section of Main Street, U.S.A., at the Magic Kingdom theme park in Florida. [17] A duplicate is located outside the Team Disney building at Disney's corporate headquarters in Burbank, California. There is a third statue at the Tokyo Disneyland theme park. The Roy O. Disney Suite is located on the top floor of the Hong Kong Disneyland Hotel.

In 2014, Roy O. Disney was portrayed in the feature film Walt Before Mickey by Jon Heder.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Disney, Walt | Definition of Disney, Walt by Lexico". Lexico Dictionaries | English. Archived from the original on October 24, 2019. Retrieved October 24, 2019.
  2. ^ Jones, Jack (December 21, 1971). "Roy O. Disney". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved September 24, 2014.
  3. ^ a b "Roy O. Disney". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved March 24, 2019.
  4. ^ a b c Barrier, Michael (2008). The Animated Man: A Life of Walt Disney. Berkeley, Calif.: Univ. of California Press. pp. 18–20. ISBN  9780520256194. OCLC  254461789.
  5. ^ a b "Gentle Visionary: Roy O. Disney". The Walt Disney Family Museum. October 1, 2016. Retrieved March 24, 2019.
  6. ^ Pollard-Terry, Gayle (July 16, 2006). "12,000 easy pieces". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved November 7, 2017.
  7. ^ Tewari, Lata (June 24, 2020). "The Success of Roy O. Disney & Walt Disney Company". Open Naukri. Retrieved July 28, 2020.
  8. ^ Daniel (August 1, 2009). "Disney's Magic Makers: Edna Francis Disney". Netcot.com. Archived from the original on April 1, 2012. Retrieved October 31, 2012.
  9. ^ Chmielewski, Dawn C.; Bates, James (December 17, 2009). "Roy Edward Disney dies at 79; nephew of Walt helped revive animation". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on August 12, 2018. Retrieved May 31, 2019.
  10. ^ Wickman, Gino; Winters, Mark C. (2015). Rocket Fuel The One Essential Combination That Will Get You More of What You Want from Your Business. New York: BenBella Books, Inc. ISBN  9781941631164. OCLC  904407202.
  11. ^ Thomas, Bob (1998). Building a Company: Roy O. Disney and the Creation of an Entertainment Empire. p. 332. ISBN  978-0-7868-6200-9.
  12. ^ Wilson, Scott; Mank, Gregory W. (2016). Resting Places: The Burial Sites of More Than 14,000 Famous Persons. Vol. 1 (3rd ed.). Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Company. ISBN  9780786479924. OCLC  948561021.
  13. ^ DeFeo, Todd (July 31, 2015). "A Closer Look at the Roy O. Disney at Walt Disney World". Railfanning.org. Archived from the original on February 17, 2017. Retrieved May 20, 2017.
  14. ^ Campbell, Michael (Summer 2002). "Roy E. Disney Rededicates Father's Engine" (PDF). Carolwood Chronicle. Carolwood Pacific Historical Society. pp. 1–2. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 27, 2017. Retrieved May 27, 2017.
  15. ^ Broggie, Michael (Winter 2016). "View from the Cupola" (PDF). Carolwood Chronicle. The Carolwood Society. p. 7. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 20, 2017. Retrieved May 28, 2017.
  16. ^ "All aboard the Hong Kong Disneyland Railroad". September 6, 2016.
  17. ^ Eades, Mark (December 22, 2016). "Remembering Roy O. Disney, Walt Disney's brother, 45 years after his death". Orange County Register. Retrieved March 24, 2019.

Further reading

External links

Business positions
Preceded by
First CEO
CEO of The Walt Disney Company
position created–1971
Succeeded by
Preceded by Disney President
1945–1968
Succeeded by
Preceded by
position vacant
Disney Chairman
1964–1971
Succeeded by