Raven Information

From Wikipedia

A raven in flight

A raven is any of several larger-bodied bird species of the genus Corvus. These species do not form a single taxonomic group within the genus. There is no consistent distinction between " crows" and "ravens", and these appellations have been assigned to different species chiefly on the basis of their size.

The largest raven species are the common raven and the thick-billed raven.


The term "raven" originally referred to the common raven (Corvus corax), the type species of the genus Corvus, which has a larger distribution than any other species of Corvus, ranging over much of the Northern Hemisphere.

The modern English word raven has cognates in all other Germanic languages, including Old Norse (and subsequently modern Icelandic) hrafn [1] and Old High German (h)raban, [2] all of which descend from Proto-Germanic *hrabanaz. [3]

Collective nouns for a group of ravens (or at least the common raven) include "rave", [4] "treachery", [5] "unkindness" [6] and "conspiracy". [7] In practice, most people use the more generic "flock". [8]

Current species

Extinct species

See also


  1. ^ Oxford English Dictionary entry for "raven".
  2. ^ Simpson, J.; Weiner, E., eds. (1989). "Raven". Oxford English Dictionary (2nd ed.). Oxford: Clarendon Press. ISBN  0-19-861186-2.
  3. ^ "Raven". Online Etymology Dictionary. Retrieved 14 May 2007.
  4. ^ Lipton, James (1991). An Exaltation of Larks. Viking. ISBN  978-0-670-30044-0.
  5. ^ "Baltimore Bird Club. Group Name for Birds: A Partial List". Retrieved 3 June 2007.
  6. ^ "Baltimore Bird Club. Group Name for Birds: A Partial List". Retrieved 3 June 2007.
  7. ^ "University of California Golf Club. List of Collective Nouns". Archived from the original on 18 September 2004. Retrieved 16 July 2008.
  8. ^ "Google Ngram Viewer". books.google.com. Retrieved 5 January 2020.

External links