From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Pacific Northwest Portal

Scattered patches of subalpine fir grow below glaciers and permanent snowfields on the south slope of Mount Rainier in the Cascades ecoregion
The Cascadia bioregion

The Pacific Northwest (PNW), sometimes referred to as Cascadia, is a geographic region in western North America bounded by its coastal waters of the Pacific Ocean to the west and, loosely, by the Rocky Mountains to the east. Though no official boundary exists, the most common conception includes the U.S. states of Oregon, Washington, Idaho, and the Canadian province of British Columbia. Some broader conceptions reach north into Alaska and Yukon, south into northern California, and east into western Montana. Other conceptions may be limited to the coastal areas west of the Cascade and Coast mountains. The variety of definitions can be attributed to partially overlapping commonalities of the region's history, culture, geography, society, ecosystems, and other factors.

The Northwest Coast is the coastal region of the Pacific Northwest, and the Northwest Plateau (also commonly known as " the Interior" in British Columbia, is the inland region. The term "Pacific Northwest" should not be confused with the Northwest Territory (also known as the Great Northwest, a historical term in the United States) or the Northwest Territories of Canada. The region is sometimes referred to as Cascadia, which, depending on the borders, may or may not be the same thing as the Pacific Northwest.

The region's largest metropolitan areas are Greater Seattle, Washington, with 4 million people; Metro Vancouver, British Columbia, with 2.84 million people; and Greater Portland, Oregon, with 2.5 million people.

The culture of the Pacific Northwest is influenced by the Canada–United States border, which the United States and the United Kingdom established at a time when the region's inhabitants were composed mostly of indigenous peoples. Two sections of the border—one along the 49th parallel south of British Columbia and one between the Alaska Panhandle and northern British Columbia—have left a great impact on the region. According to Canadian historian Ken Coates, the border has not merely influenced the Pacific Northwest—rather, "the region's history and character have been determined by the boundary". ( Full article...)

Selected article - show another

A freeway with a smaller bridge next to it spanning a waterway to a wooded but still urbanized hillside with a city's skyline in the distance
Bridges crossing over waterways towards downtown Seattle

The city of Seattle, Washington, United States, has multiple bridges that are significant due to their function, historical status, or engineering. Bridges are needed to cross the city's waterways and hilly topography. Twelve bridges have been granted historical status by the city, federal government, or both. Seattle also has some of the only permanent floating pontoon bridges in the world.

Original crossings over Seattle's mudflats were typically supported by timber piles. Lake Washington and Puget Sound are to the east and west of the city, respectively. They connect via a series of canals and Lake Union that are collectively known as the Lake Washington Ship Canal. The four double-leaf bascule bridges crossing the Ship Canal are the oldest still used in the city, having opened between 1917 and 1930. The easternmost—the Montlake and University bridges—connect neighborhoods south of the canal to the University District. The Fremont Bridge crosses the center of the canal and is one of the most often raised drawbridges in the world due to its clearance over the water of only 30 feet (9.1 m). The westernmost crossing of the ship canal is the Ballard Bridge. ( Full article...)
List of selected articles

Selected biography - show another

Dixy Lee Ray (September 3, 1914 – January 2, 1994) was an American politician who served as the 17th governor of Washington from 1977 to 1981. Variously described as idiosyncratic and "ridiculously smart," she was the state's first female governor and was in office during the 1980 eruption of Mount St. Helens. She was a supporter of atomic energy.

A graduate of Mills College and Stanford University, where she earned a doctorate in biology, Ray became an associate professor at the University of Washington in 1957. She was chief scientist aboard the schooner SS Te Vega during the International Indian Ocean Expedition. Under her guidance, the nearly bankrupt Pacific Science Center was transformed from a traditional, exhibit-oriented museum to an interactive learning center, and returned to solvency. ( Full article...)

Largest cities of the Pacific Northwest

City State/Province Population Metropolitan Area Urban Area
Seattle Washington 704,000 [1] 3,905,026 [2] 3,059,393 [3]
Portland Oregon 658,347 [2] 2,753,168 [2] 1,849,898 [3]
Vancouver British Columbia 631,486 [4] 2,737,698 [5] 2,264,823 [6]
Surrey British Columbia 598,530 [4] [n 1] [n 1]
Burnaby British Columbia 257,926 [4] [n 1] [n 1]
Boise Idaho 226,570 [7] 691,423 [2] 349,684 [3]
Spokane Washington 222,081 [1] 573,493 [8] [9] 486,225 [3]
Richmond British Columbia 216,046 [4] [n 1] [n 1]
Tacoma Washington 198,397 [1] [n 2] [n 2]
Vancouver Washington 175,673 [1] [n 3] [n 3]

General images - load new batch

The following are images from various Pacific Northwest-related articles on Wikipedia.

Did you know - load new batch

Indigenous peoples

Related portals


Category puzzle
Category puzzle
Select [►] to view subcategories

Associated Wikimedia

The following Wikimedia Foundation sister projects provide more on this subject:


  1. ^ a b c d e f Part of Greater Vancouver.
  2. ^ a b Part of Seattle metropolitan area (Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA MSA).
  3. ^ a b Part of Portland metropolitan area (Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro, OR-WA MSA).
  1. ^ a b c d "U.S. Census Bureau Delivers Washington's 2010 Census Population Totals". United States Census Bureau. February 23, 2011. Archived from the original on July 21, 2011. Retrieved July 11, 2011.
  2. ^ a b c d "Population and Housing Occupancy Status: 2010 – United States – Metropolitan Statistical Area; and for Puerto Rico". 2010 United States Census. United States Census Bureau, Population Division. April 14, 2011. Retrieved July 12, 2011.[ dead link]
  3. ^ a b c d "A national 2010 urban area file containing a list of all urbanized areas and urban clusters (including Puerto Rico and the Island Areas) sorted by UACE code".
  4. ^ a b c d Services, Ministry of Citizens'. "Population Estimates - Province of British Columbia". Retrieved 2021-04-17.
  5. ^ Government of Canada, Statistics Canada (2021-01-14). "Population estimates, July 1, by census metropolitan area and census agglomeration, 2016 boundaries". Retrieved 2021-04-17.
  6. ^ Canada, Government of Canada, Statistics (February 8, 2017). "Population and Dwelling Count Highlight Tables, 2016 Census".{{ cite web}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list ( link)
  7. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2016". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 26, 2017.
  8. ^ "Washington population by county – Census 2010: Washington". The Spokesman-Review. Archived from the original on August 14, 2011. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  9. ^ Bureau, US Census. "Population and Housing Unit Estimates Tables". Retrieved 2019-06-13.
Discover Wikipedia using portals