Portal:Mathematics Information
The Mathematics Portal
Mathematics is the study of representing and reasoning about abstract objects (such as numbers, points, spaces, sets, structures, and games). Mathematics is used throughout the world as an essential tool in many fields, including natural science, engineering, medicine, and the social sciences. Applied mathematics, the branch of mathematics concerned with application of mathematical knowledge to other fields, inspires and makes use of new mathematical discoveries and sometimes leads to the development of entirely new mathematical disciplines, such as statistics and game theory. Mathematicians also engage in pure mathematics, or mathematics for its own sake, without having any application in mind. There is no clear line separating pure and applied mathematics, and practical applications for what began as pure mathematics are often discovered. ( Full article...)
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Did you know (autogenerated) 
 ... that when Ruth Stokes defended her dissertation on the theory of linear programming in 1931, she became the first person to earn a doctorate in mathematics from Duke University?
 ... that Arithmetic was the first mathematics text book written in the Russian language?
 ... that museum director Alena Aladava rebuilt the Belarusian national art collection in the aftermath of the Second World War?
 ... that the lyrics of BTS's song " DNA" compare love to a mathematical formula and divine providence?
 ... that mathematician Gunilla Kreiss, the daughter of HeinzOtto Kreiss, later became his granddaughter?
 ... that a math mistake while fencing with longswords gave cognitive scientist Tom Griffiths a broken right wrist?
 ... that the Septet for trumpet, strings and piano was composed by Camille SaintSaëns for a mathematician?
 ... that the 1914 Lubin vault fire in Philadelphia destroyed several thousand unique early silent films?
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 ... that one can list every positive rational number without repetition by breadthfirst traversal of the Calkin–Wilf tree?
 ... that the Hadwiger conjecture implies that the external surface of any threedimensional convex body can be illuminated by only eight light sources, but the best proven bound is that 16 lights are sufficient?
 ... that an equitable coloring of a graph, in which the numbers of vertices of each color are as nearly equal as possible, may require far more colors than a graph coloring without this constraint?
 ... that no matter how biased a coin one uses, flipping a coin to determine whether each edge is present or absent in a countably infinite graph will always produce the same graph, the Rado graph?
 ...that it is possible to stack identical dominoes off the edge of a table to create an arbitrarily large overhang?
 ...that in Floyd's algorithm for cycle detection, the tortoise and hare move at very different speeds, but always finish at the same spot?
 ...that in graph theory, a pseudoforest can contain trees and pseudotrees, but cannot contain any butterflies, diamonds, handcuffs, or bicycles?
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Mathematics department in Göttingen where Hilbert worked from 1895 until his retirement in 1930 Image credit: Daniel Schwen 
David Hilbert (January 23, 1862, Wehlau, Prussia–February 14, 1943, Göttingen, Germany) was a German mathematician, recognized as one of the most influential mathematicians of the 19th and early 20th centuries. He established his reputation as a great mathematician and scientist by inventing or developing a broad range of ideas, such as invariant theory, the axiomization of geometry, and the notion of Hilbert space, one of the foundations of functional analysis. Hilbert and his students supplied significant portions of the mathematic infrastructure required for quantum mechanics and general relativity. He is one of the founders of proof theory, mathematical logic, and the distinction between mathematics and metamathematics, and warmly defended Cantor's set theory and transfinite numbers. A famous example of his world leadership in mathematics is his 1900 presentation of a set of problems that set the course for much of the mathematical research of the 20th century. ( Full article...)
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