The region covers an area that stretches from
Tierra del Fuego and includes much of the
Caribbean. It has an area of approximately 19,197,000 km2 (7,412,000 sq mi), almost 13% of the Earth's land surface area. As of March 2, 2020, the population of Latin America and the Caribbean was estimated at more than 652 million, and in 2019, Latin America had a combined
nominal GDP of US$5,188,250 trillion and a
GDP PPP of US$10,284,588 trillion. More than 40 of the 50 most dangerous cities in the world are located in Latin America. (Full article...)
Entries here consist of
Featured articles, which meet a core set of high editorial standards.
Satellite image of the Altiplano. The green, brown and white surfaces in the lower right quadrant of the image are Lake Poopó, Salar de Coipasa and Salar de Uyuni, respectively. The blue surface at centre top is Lake Titicaca
Lake Tauca is a
former lake in the
Bolivia. It is also known as Lake Pocoyu for its constituent lakes:
Salar de Coipasa and
Salar de Uyuni. The lake covered large parts of the southern Altiplano between the
Eastern Cordillera and the
Western Cordillera, covering an estimated 48,000 to 80,000 square kilometres (19,000 to 31,000 sq mi) of the basins of present-day Lake Poopó and the
Coipasa and adjacent basins. Water levels varied, possibly reaching 3,800 metres (12,500 ft) in altitude. The lake was
saline. The lake received water from
Lake Titicaca, but whether this contributed most of Tauca's water or only a small amount is controversial; the quantity was sufficient to influence the local climate and depress the underlying terrain with its weight.
Diatoms, plants and animals developed in the lake, sometimes forming
The duration of Lake Tauca's existence is uncertain. Research in 2011 indicated that the rise in lake levels began 18,500
BP, peaking 16,000 and 14,500 years ago. About 14,200 years ago, lake levels dropped before rising again until 11,500 years ago. Some researchers postulate that the last phase of Lake Tauca may have continued until 8,500 BP. The drying of the lake, which may have occurred because of the
Bølling-Allerød climate oscillation, left the salt deposits of Salar de Uyuni. (Full article...)
HIV/AIDS has been a public health concern for Latin America due to a remaining prevalence of the disease. In 2018 an estimated 2.2 million people had HIV in Latin America and the Caribbean, making the HIV prevalence rate approximately 0.4% in Latin America.
Some demographic groups in Latin America have higher prevalence rates for HIV/ AIDS including men who have sex with men having a prevalence rate of 10.6%, and transgender women having one of the highest rates within the population with a prevalence rate of 17.7%. Female sex workers and drug users also have higher prevalence for the disease than the general population (4.9% and 1%-49.7% respectively). (Full article...)
monolithic human figures carved by the
Rapa Nui people on
Easter Island in eastern
Polynesia between the years 1250 and 1500
CE.Nearly half are still at
Rano Raraku, the main moai quarry, but hundreds were transported from there and set on stone platforms called
ahu around the island's perimeter. Almost all moai have overly large heads three-eighths the size of the whole statue. The moai are chiefly the living faces (aringa ora) of deified ancestors (aringa ora ata tepuna).The statues still gazed inland across their clan lands when Europeans first visited the island, but most were cast down during later conflicts between clans.