Portal:Kenya Information

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Location of Kenya

Kenya, officially the Republic of Kenya ( Swahili: Jamhuri ya Kenya), is a country in Eastern Africa. At 580,367 square kilometres (224,081 sq mi), Kenya is the world's 48th largest country by area. With a population of more than 47.6 million in the 2019 census, Kenya is the 29th most populous country in the world. Kenya's capital and largest city is Nairobi, while its oldest, currently second largest city, and first capital is the coastal city of Mombasa. Kisumu City is the third-largest city and also an inland port on Lake Victoria. Other important urban centres include Nakuru and Eldoret. As of 2020, Kenya is the third-largest economy in sub-Saharan Africa after Nigeria and South Africa. Kenya is bordered by South Sudan to the northwest, Ethiopia to the north, Somalia to the east, Uganda to the west, Tanzania to the south, and the Indian Ocean to the southeast. Its geography, climate and population vary widely, ranging from cold snow-capped mountaintops (Batian, Nelion and Point Lenana on Mount Kenya) with vast surrounding forests, wildlife and fertile agricultural regions to temperate climates in western and rift valley counties and dry less fertile arid and semi-arid areas and absolute deserts ( Chalbi Desert and Nyiri Desert).

Kenya's earliest inhabitants were hunter-gatherers, like the present-day Hadza people. According to archaeological dating of associated artifacts and skeletal material, Cushitic speakers first settled in Kenya's lowlands between 3,200 and 1,300 BC, a phase known as the Lowland Savanna Pastoral Neolithic. Nilotic-speaking pastoralists (ancestral to Kenya's Nilotic speakers) began migrating from present-day South Sudan into Kenya around 500 BC. Bantu people settled at the coast and the interior between 250 BC and 500 AD. European contact began in 1500 AD with the Portuguese Empire, and effective colonisation of Kenya began in the 19th century during the European exploration of the interior. Modern-day Kenya emerged from a protectorate established by the British Empire in 1895 and the subsequent Kenya Colony, which began in 1920. Numerous disputes between the UK and the colony led to the Mau Mau revolution, which began in 1952, and the declaration of independence in 1963. After independence, Kenya remained a member of the Commonwealth of Nations. The current constitution was adopted in 2010 to replace the 1963 independence constitution.

Kenya is a presidential representative democratic republic, in which elected officials represent the people and the president is the head of state and government. Kenya is a member of the United Nations, Commonwealth of Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, COMESA, International Criminal Court, and other international organisations. With a GNI of 1,840, Kenya is a lower-middle-income economy. Kenya's economy is the largest in eastern and central Africa, with Nairobi serving as a major regional commercial hub. Agriculture is the largest sector: tea and coffee are traditional cash crops, while fresh flowers are a fast-growing export. The service industry is also a major economic driver, particularly tourism. Kenya is a member of the East African Community trade bloc, though some international trade organisations categorise it as part of the Greater Horn of Africa. Africa is Kenya's largest export market, followed by the European Union. ( Full article...)

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Del Monte Kenya Limited is a Kenyan food processing company that operates in the cultivation, production, and canning of pineapple products. The company produces canned solid pineapple, juice concentrates, mill juice sugar and cattle feed. Kenya's largest single manufactured export is canned pineapple, and the country ranks among the top five pineapple exporters in the world, both of which feats are direct results of the company's existence and operations. In the past, the company received negative publicity stemming from conflicts with workers and human rights groups, and the company has been targeted by human rights groups for hazardous conditions at the facility, poor living and working conditions for workers and for intimidating trade union groups. In 2001, the company took significant steps to address and correct matters per these concerns. ( Full article...)
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Sunrise over the Indian Ocean at Mombasa. Mombasa is the second largest city in Kenya, lying on the Indian Ocean.

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Mombasa Downtown

Mombasa is the second-largest city in Kenya, with a population of about one million. A regional cultural and economic hub, Mombasa has a large port and an international airport, and is an important regional tourism centre. Located on the east coast of Kenya, in Mombasa County and the former Coast Province, Mombasa's bordering the Indian Ocean made it a historical trading centre, and it has been controlled by many countries because of its strategic location.

Administratively, Mombasa is the capital of, and is coincident with, Mombasa County.. ( Read more...)

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Kenya sent a delegation to compete at the 2006 Winter Olympics in Turin, Italy, from 10–26 February 2006. This was Kenya's third time participating in a Winter Olympic Games. The Kenyan delegation consisted of one athlete, cross-country skier and three-time Olympian Philip Boit. In his only event, he finished 91st in the men's 15 kilometre classical. ( Full article...)

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Harry Thuku
Harry Thuku (1895 – 14 June 1970) was a Kenyan politician, one of the pioneers in the development of modern African nationalism in Kenya. He helped found the Young Kikuyu Association and the East African Association before being arrested and exiled from 1922 to 1931. In 1932 he became President of the Kikuyu Central Association, in 1935 founded the Kikuyu Provincial Association, and in 1944 founded the Kenya African Study Union. Opposed to the Mau Mau movement, he later retired to coffee-farming. ( Full article...)
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In the news

Wikinews Kenya portal
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23 April 2022 – 2021–2022 Democratic Republic of the Congo attacks, Ituri conflict, Kivu conflict
Kenya says that the East African Community plans to deploy a peacekeeping force in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. (AP)
23 March 2022 – Somali Civil War
Two Kenyan guards and a Somali policeman are killed during a shooting attack by al-Shabaab gunmen at Mogadishu International Airport. Two of the attackers are also killed. Several more people are wounded. All domestic and international flights at the airport are suspended. (Reuters)
11 March 2022 – COVID-19 pandemic
COVID-19 pandemic in Kenya
Kenya lifts its remaining COVID-19-related restrictions including a ban on large indoor gatherings, mandatory mask wearing, and a requirement to present a negative COVID-19 test for arriving air passengers as the number of new cases declined. (Reuters)
7 March 2022 – COVID-19 pandemic
COVID-19 pandemic in Kenya
It is announced that Moderna will build a vaccine manufacturing facility in Kenya to produce mRNA vaccines, including its COVID-19 vaccine. (Reuters)

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Credit: Matt Rudge
Mombasa is the largest urban centre in Kenya's coastal region and the 2nd largest city in the country it also hosts East and Central Africa's Largest port.

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The following are images from various Kenya-related articles on Wikipedia.

Did you know ...

  • ...that in March 2013, Kenya was officially administratively divided into 47 semi autonomous counties?
  • ...that Kenya has 42 ethnic groups and no single ethnic group in Kenya makes even a quarter of Kenya's total population of 44,354,000 as of 2013?
  • ...that Kenya's national language is Swahili?
  • ...that Kenya's official name in Swahili is Jamhuri ya Kenya?
  • ...that Lake Turkana in Kenya is the largest desert lake in the world?
  • ...that Nairobi, the capital city, is the only city in the world with a major National Park in it? Kenya also has all five of the big five game i.e. lion, leopard, buffalo, African elephant and rhino.
  • ...that Kenya borders Africa’s largest lake by area, Lake Victoria? It is the largest tropical lake in the world. It is also the world's second-largest freshwater lake with a surface area of 68,800 square kilometres (26,600 sq mi).
  • ...that Mount Kenya is the second-tallest mountain in Africa? It is 5,199 metres (17,057 ft) tall.
  • ...that a third of the flowers in the European Union come from Kenya?
  • ...that telling time in the Swahili language is different from English? For example, when saying 7 am one says Saa Moja which literally means 1 hour because in Swahili it was decided to use sunrise as a guide to tell time.

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