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Earth science or geoscience includes all fields of natural science related to the planet Earth. This is a branch of science dealing with the physical, chemical, and biological complex constitutions and synergistic linkages of Earth's four spheres: the biosphere, hydrosphere, atmosphere, and geosphere (or lithosphere). Earth science can be considered to be a branch of planetary science, but with a much older history.

There are reductionist and holistic approaches to Earth sciences. It is also the study of Earth and its neighbors in space. Some Earth scientists use their knowledge of the planet to locate and develop energy and mineral resources. Others study the impact of human activity on Earth's environment, and design methods to protect the planet. Some use their knowledge about Earth processes such as volcanoes, earthquakes, and hurricanes to help protect people from these dangerous events. ( Full article...)

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In the news

8 June 2023 –
The Philippine Institute of Volcanology issues a "level 3 alert" for Mayon Volcano in Albay due to the presence of volcanic earthquakes, indicating an increased risk of lava flows and possible eruptions. Albay Governor Edcel Lagman orders the evacuation of residents within a 6 kilometers (3.7 mi) radius of the volcano. (Reuters)
7 June 2023 –
Three people are killed by a 4.8 magnitude earthquake in Maubin, Ayeyarwady Region, Myanmar. (Ludunwayoo)
The Kīlauea volcano in Hawaii erupts after a 3-month pause, prompting evacuations. (AP)
6 June 2023 –
Three people are killed and 36 others injured by a 4.9 magnitude earthquake in Jérémie, Grand'Anse, Haiti. (ABC News)
31 May 2023 –
A magnitude 5.9 earthquake strikes Kachin State, Myanmar, with damage reported. (Fresherslive)
28 May 2023 –
Three people are injured in Battagram District, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan, when a magnitude 5.2 earthquake strikes Badakshan, Afghanistan. (Dawn)


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Related topics

For a more comprehensive treatment of topics, see Outline of earth science and Index of earth science articles
Atmosphere Hydrosphere Lithosphere
Biosphere Systems Others

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Climate change ( More...)

Global warming · Rachel Carson · Retreat of glaciers since 1850

Earthquakes ( More...)

1949 Ambato earthquake · 1968 Illinois earthquake · 1980 eruption of Mount St. Helens · 1997 Qayen earthquake · 2002 Bou'in-Zahra earthquake · 2005 Qeshm earthquake · 2007–2008 Nazko earthquakes

Volcanoes ( More...)

1980 eruption of Mount St. Helens · 2007–2008 Nazko earthquakes · Amchitka · Armero tragedy · Calabozos · Cerro Azul (Chile volcano) · Craters of the Moon National Monument and Preserve · David A. Johnston · Geology of the Lassen volcanic area · Loihi Seamount · Mauna Kea · Mauna Loa · Metacomet Ridge · Mono–Inyo Craters · Mount Cayley volcanic field · Mount St. Helens · Mount Tambora · Nevado del Ruiz · Surtsey · The Volcano (British Columbia) · Upper and Lower Table Rock · Volcano (South Park) · Yellowstone National Park

Other geology ( More...)

Mary Anning · Archaea · Archaeopteryx · Cerro Azul (Chile volcano) · Bryce Canyon National Park · Calabozos · Chicxulub crater · Cretaceous–Paleogene extinction event · Charles Darwin · Earth · Ediacara biota · Geology of the Bryce Canyon area · Geology of the Capitol Reef area · Geology of the Death Valley area · Geology of the Grand Canyon area · Geology of the Lassen volcanic area · Geology of the Zion and Kolob canyons area · Global warming · Iridium · Oil shale · The Volcano (British Columbia) · Toronto Magnetic and Meteorological Observatory · Volcanology of Io · Yellowstone National Park

Geography ( More...)

Antarctica · Australia · Bryce Canyon National Park · Carlsbad Caverns National Park · Craters of the Moon National Monument and Preserve · Death Valley National Park · Geography of India · Geography of Ireland · National parks of England and Wales · Niagara Falls · Rondane National Park · Shoshone National Forest · Yellowstone National Park · Yosemite National Park · Zion National Park

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