Outline of Apple Inc. Information

From Wikipedia

The following outline of Apple Inc. is a topical guide to the products, history, retail stores, corporate acquisitions, and personnel under the purview of the American multinational corporation Apple Inc.



Mac, a family of personal computers made by Apple.


Apple's smartphone.


Apple's tablet lineup.

Apple Watch

Apple's smartwatch lineup.



Steve Jobs talks about the transition to Intel in 2005.

Operating systems


macOS Server



Pro apps




  • iTunes Connect — service to upload content to the iTunes Store and Apple Books



  • Instruments — app performance analyzer
  • Xcode — integrated development environment (IDE)


  • CloudKit — allows developers to build iCloud sync into their apps
  • Cocoa — Apple's user interface API for macOS
  • Cocoa Touch — Apple's user interface API for iOS
  • GymKit — protocol for communication between Apple Watch and gym equipment
  • HealthKit — APIs to integrate with Apple's Health app
  • HomeKit — home automation framework
  • Metal — Apple's graphics API on all platforms
  • WebKit — open-source browser engine



Mac history

Defunct displays

iPhone history

Defunct iPhones

  • iPhone (1st generation) — released in 2007
  • iPhone 3G – released in 2008
  • iPhone 3GS – released in 2009
  • iPhone 4 – new design, Retina display, released in 2010
  • iPhone 4S – adds Siri, released in 2011
  • iPhone 5 – 4" screen, new Lightning connector, nano-SIM support, 4G LTE support, released in 2012
    • iPhone 5C – lower cost polycarbonate variant
  • iPhone 5S – adds Touch ID, released in 2013
  • iPhone 6 (and 6 Plus) – larger screen, rounder and thinner design, NFC support with Apple Pay, released in 2014
  • iPhone 6S (and 6S Plus) – 12 MP camera, 3D Touch, released in 2015
  • iPhone SE (1st generation) – design of the iPhone 5S and internals of the iPhone 6S, released in 2016
  • iPhone 7 (and 7 Plus) — remove the 3.5mm headphone jack, released in 2016
  • iPhone 8 (and 8 Plus) – support for wireless charging, new Neural Engine, released in 2017
  • iPhone X — 5.8" screen, Face ID, released in 2017
  • iPhone XS (and XS Max) — improved camera, released in 2018
    • iPhone XR – lower-cost model with an LCD screen
  • iPhone 11 — released in 2019
  • iPhone SE (2nd generation) – design of the iPhone 8 and internals of the iPhone 11, released in 2020
  • iPhone 12 (and 12 Mini) – OLED screen, released in 2021
    • iPhone 12 Pro (and 12 Pro Max) – new design, LIDAR sensor, Dolby Vision HDR video recording

Defunct products

  • iPod — defunct portable music player lineup
  • Newton – defunct personal digital assistant (PDA) lineup, the first ones with handwriting recognition
  • Xserve — defunct rack-mounted server lineup

Defunct software

  • Aperture — professional photo editing app (2005-2015)
  • Mac OS – the Macintosh operating system preceding macOS (1984–2001)
  • Xsan – a storage area network for macOS

Defunct protocols

  • AFP — defunct disk sharing network protocol
  • AppleTalk — defunct local networking protocol (1985–2009)

Ancillary operating systems

  • A/UX — short-lived commercial OS merging System 7's GUI and application layer atop UNIX on select 68k Macintoshes
  • MkLinux — a libre experiment in microkernel engineering (1996–2002)

Hardware before 1998

Hardware after 1998

Apple silicon

Technologies and protocols



  • Steve Jobs — 1976–1985, 1997–2011 — Co-founder, Chairman, CEO
  • Steve Wozniak — 1976–1985 — Co-founder, Engineer (ceremonial role; 1985–current)
  • Ronald Wayne — 1976–1976 — Co-founder (briefly; 2 weeks).


Board of directors

Former board members


Former executives

Other contributors

  • Mark Davis, software engineer and language programmer who started his career at Apple


Mergers and acquisitions

  • Apple Inc. mergers and acquisitions – a list of company mergers and acquisitions by Apple (in alphabetical order):
    • AlgoTrim – (bought August 2013), a Swedish data compression company, especially focused on still/video image compression, founded by Anders Berglund, Anders Holtsberg, and Martin Lindberg in 2005.
    • Anobit – (bought December 2011), an Israeli fabless flash memory company, founded by Ehud Weinstein, Ariel Maislos, and Ofir Shalvi in 2006.
    • AuthenTec – (bought July 2012), security hardware and software for PCs and mobile device company, founded in 1998.
    • Beats Electronics – (bought August 2014), music headphones and streaming service
    • Chomp – (bought February 2012), an app search engine company, founded by Ben Keighran and Cathy Edwards in 2009.
    • Cue – (bought October 2013), a personal assistant app company, founded by Daniel Gross and Robby Walker in 2010.
    • Emagic – (bought July 2002), music software and hardware company, best known for its music sequencer, Logic.
    • Embark – (bought August 2013), a startup company focused on developing transit information apps for user public transportation navigation in major US cities, founded by John Hering, David Hodge, Taylor Malloy, and Ian Leighton in 2011.
    • FingerWorks – (bought early 2005), a gesture recognition company, founded by John Elias and Wayne Westerman in 1998.
    • HopStop – (bought July 2013), an online transit guide with subway, bus directions, and maps, founded by Chinedu Echeruo in 2005.
    • Intrinsity – (bought April 2010), fabless semiconductor company, founded as EVSX in 1997 on the remnants of Exponential Technology, then renamed Intrinsity in 2000.
    • Lala – (bought December 2009), online music store company, founded by Bill Nguyen.
    • Locationary – (bought July 2013), a Canadian crowdsourced location data management company, founded by Grant Ritchie in 2009.
    • Matcha – (bought August 2013), a second screen TV/video startup, previously available as a media discovery iOS app (closed in May 2013), founded by Guy Piekarz, Ilan Ben Zeev, and Paul Petrick in September 2010.
    • NeXT – (bought December 1996), computer company, founded in 1985 by Apple Inc. co-founder Steve Jobs after he was fired from Apple the same year. Current macOS, iOS, watchOS, and tvOS operating systems are largely built on its programming environment standard, OpenStep. Early versions of Mac OS X Server (codename Rhapsody) were OPENSTEP with a Mac-look and feel.
    • Nothing Real – (bought February 2002), a high-end digital effects software development company for the feature film, broadcast and interactive gaming industries, founded by Allen Edwards and Arnaud Hervas in October 1996.
    • P.A. Semi – (bought April 2008), a fabless semiconductor company founded by Daniel W. Dobberpuhl in 2003.
    • Particle – (bought September 2012), a HTML5 web app company, founded by Ericson de Jesus, Cole Rise, and Aubrey Anderson in 2008.
    • Passif Semiconductor – (bought August 2013), an Oakland, California based semiconductor company specializing in low energy wireless chips, founded by Ben Cook and Axel Berny in 2007.
    • PrimeSense – (bought November 2013), an Israeli fabless semiconductor company specializing in 3D sensing, founded by Aviad Maizels, Alexander Shpunt, Ophir Sharon, Tamir Berliner and Dima Rais in 2005.
    • Redmatica – (bought June 2012), an Italian music editing software company, known for Keymap Pro sampler software, founded by Andrea Gozzi in 2004.
    • Silicon Color – (bought October 2006), "FinalTouch" color correction software and non-linear video editing software development company, now known as Apple's Final Cut Pro software.
    • Siri – (bought April 2010), an intelligent personal assistant and knowledge navigator software company, founded by Dag Kittlaus, Adam Cheyer, Tom Gruber, together with Norman Winarsky in 2007. Apple initially integrated the software into iOS, the later to the watchOS and tvOS platforms.
    • Spruce Technologies – (bought July 2001), a DVD authoring company, founded by Dr. Hiromu Soga in 1996.
    • Topsy – (bought December 2013), a US data analytics company, founded by Vipul Ved Prakash, Rishab Aiyer Ghosh, Gary Iwatani, Justin Foutts in 2007.
    • WiFiSlam – (bought March 2013), an indoor location services company, founded by former Stanford students Darin Tay, Joseph Huang, Jessica Tsoong and Dave Millman in 2011. [5]



  • Media events – special events where Apple Inc. announce the release of their products and services. Usually, this is done by Apple's current CEO often featuring other executives, previously most notably Steve Jobs.
    • Stevenote – keynote addresses, usually held at the beginning of media events, where former CEO Steve Jobs would announce the release of new Apple products. Noted for his idiosyncratic style of presenting, and also for his " One More Thing..." surprise announcements at the end.
  • Advertising – various Apple Inc. advertising techniques and campaigns.
    • 1984 (advertisement) – specific TV and print ad campaign, inferring how Mac computers will free users from tyrannies similar to those prophesied in the George Orwell novel Nineteen Eighty-Four. Launched the first Macintosh computer; the Macintosh 128K.
    • Think different – specific TV & print ad campaign, inferring how Macs do things differently (meaning better) to other computers used in the home and small to medium-sized businesses.
    • Get a Mac – TV ad campaign, humorously inferring the superior nature of a Mac vs. Windows PC.
    • iPod advertising – various iPod ad campaigns since its initial release in 2001.



See also


  1. ^ a b "Phil Schiller advances to Apple Fellow". Apple Newsroom. Retrieved 2022-04-05.
  2. ^ Slivka, Eric (November 3, 2013). "Key iOS Engineering Executive Henri Lamiraux Retires from Apple". MacRumors. Retrieved November 3, 2013.
  3. ^ Apple (25 January 2021). "Dan Riccio begins a new chapter at Apple". Apple Newsroom. Apple.
  4. ^ Cheng, Jacqui (June 28, 2012). "Apple: goodbye hardware engineering head Bob Mansfield, hello Dan Riccio". Ars Technica. Retrieved July 12, 2012.
  5. ^ Cromwell Schubarth (March 25, 2013). "Apple pays $20M for indoor GPS company WiFiSLAM". Silicon Valley Business Journal.
  6. ^ "Jonathan Ive". Mahalo.com. Retrieved January 14, 2013.
  7. ^ Mickle, Tripp (July 2019). "Jony Ive Is Leaving Apple, but His Departure Started Long Ago". Wall Street Journal.
  8. ^ Matsakis, Louise. "Jony Ive Is Leaving Apple". Wired – via www.wired.com.

External links