Omniview technology Information

From Wikipedia
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Omniview_technology

Omniview technology (also known as surround view or bird view) is a vehicle parking assistant technology that first was introduced in 2007 as the "Around View Monitor" option for the Nissan Elgrand and Infiniti EX. [1] It is designed to assist drivers in monitoring their surroundings, for example, while parking a vehicle in a small space.

Principle

Early vehicle parking assistant products used ultrasonic parking sensors and/or a single rear-view camera to view and obtain distances to objects surrounding the vehicle, providing drivers with an audible alarm or rear-view video through a fisheye lens. There are some drawbacks to these early products: the alarm only provides a proximity warning but not the position of the object(s) relative to the vehicle, and the rear-view camera has a limited field of view. However, omniview technology overcomes these problems and has seen increasing availability.

In most omniview systems, there are four wide-angle cameras: one in the front of the vehicle, one in the back of the vehicle, and one each in the side-mounted rear view mirrors. The four cameras have overlapping fields of view that collectively cover the whole area around the vehicle and serve as an omnidirectional (360-degree) camera. Video from the cameras are sent to the processor, which synthesizes a bird's-eye view from above the vehicle by stitching the video feeds together, correcting distortion, and transforming the perspective. In some cases, ultrasonic sensors are used in combination with the omniview system to provide distance information and highlight the relevant view that may be affected by potential obstacles. [2]

Because the bird's-eye view is a simulated perspective using camera inputs much closer to the ground, objects at ground level will appear relatively undistorted while those above the ground will appear to "lean away" from the vehicle. In addition, if the same object is captured by the overlapping fields of two cameras, it can appear to lean away in two different directions. [3]: 66 

History

The first vehicle equipped with Nissan's "Around View Monitor" was the Japanese-market Elgrand, introduced in November 2007. In America, the system was introduced one month later, as an option for the EX35 from Nissan's luxury marque Infiniti. [4] At about the same time, Mitsubishi Motors and Honda implemented similar functionality as the "Multi-around monitor system" for the Delica [5] and "Multi-View Camera System" for the Odyssey, respectively. [6]

Third-party automotive component suppliers such as Freescale Semiconductor and Continental AG have developed and marketed modular omniview systems, the latter through the acquisition of Application Solutions Ltd. (ASL Vision). [7]

Nissan have since added moving object detection using the cameras, billing the system as "Intelligent Around View Monitor" (I-AVM). [8] In 2016, stuntman Paul Swift used the I-AVM system to match the world record for the tightest J-turn in a specially-prepared Nissan Juke, using a space just 18 cm (7.1 in) wider than the vehicle's length to turn it around with the windows completely blacked out. [9]

An omniview system that uses four cameras and displays a three-dimensional rendering of the vehicle and its surroundings has been proposed as a logical next step to increase the driver's awareness. [10]

See also

References

  1. ^ Melanson, Don (September 17, 2007). "Infiniti's EX35 Around View Monitor system makes windows redundant". engadget. Retrieved 30 November 2022.
  2. ^ Bonnici, David (25 March 2020). "360-degree parking monitors explained". Which Car? Australia. Retrieved 30 November 2022.
  3. ^ ASL360 Installation and User Guide, U-0644-2255 (PDF) (Report). 1.4. Application Solutions (Electronics and Vision) Ltd. 14 June 2013. Retrieved 30 November 2022.
  4. ^ "Nissan to introduce world's first around view monitor" (Press release). Nissan Motor Co., Ltd. October 11, 2007. Retrieved 30 November 2022.
  5. ^ "Mitsubishi Motors launches new Delica D:5" (Press release). Mitsubishi Motors Corporation. January 31, 2007. Retrieved 30 November 2022.
  6. ^ Toto, Serkan (September 23, 2008). "Honda's new multi-view camera system makes driving safer". TechCrunch. Retrieved 30 November 2022.
  7. ^ Bruce, Chris (August 15, 2014). "Continental's 360-degree camera system goes next level with 3D". Autoblog. Retrieved 30 November 2022.
  8. ^ "Intelligent Around View Monitor". Nissan Motor Corporation. Retrieved 30 November 2022.
  9. ^ "Nissan Juke uses onboard cameras to set world-first 'blind' J-turn record" (Press release). Nissan Motor Corporation. December 7, 2016. Retrieved 30 November 2022.
  10. ^ Gao, Yi; Lin, Chunyu; Zhao, Yao; Wang, Xin; Wei, Shikui; Huang, Qi (January 2018). "3-D Surround View for Advanced Driver Assistance Systems". Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems. IEEE. 19 (1): 320–328. doi: 10.1109/TITS.2017.2750087. direct URL

External links

Omniview suppliers