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Nganu Leima
Goddess of ducks and waterfowl
Member of Lairembis
ꯉꯥꯅꯨ ꯂꯩꯃ.jpg
Depiction of Nganu Leima
Other names
  • Nganuleima
  • Nganureima
Affiliation Meitei mythology ( Manipuri mythology) and Meitei religion ( Sanamahism)
Animals ducks and waterfowls
Symbols ducks and waterfowls
Region Manipur, Northeast India
Ethnic group Meitei ethnicity
Festivals Lai Haraoba
Personal information
Parents Salailen (Soraren)
Siblings Khunu Leima and Shapi Leima
EnglishNganu Leima
Ancient Meiteiꯉꯥꯅꯨ ꯂꯩꯃ
(ngaa-noo lei-ma)
Modern Meiteiꯉꯥꯅꯨꯔꯩꯃ
Assameseঙানু লৈমা / ঙানুৰৈমা
(ngaa-noo lei-ma / ngaa-noo-rei-ma)
Bengaliঙানু লৈমা / ঙানুরৈমা
(ngaa-noo lei-ma / ngaa-noo-rei-ma)
Hindiङानू लैमा / ङानु लैम
(ngaa-noo lei-ma)

Nganu Leima (/ngaa-noo lei-ma) or Nganureima (/ngaa-noo-rei-ma) is the goddess of ducks and other water birds in Meitei mythology and religion. She is a sister of goddesses Khunu Leima and Shapi Leima. Legend says that all three sisters married to the same mortal man. [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6]


The Meitei female given name "Nganu Leima" (ꯉꯥꯅꯨ ꯂꯩꯃ) is made up of two component words. The two words are "Nganu" (ꯉꯥꯅꯨ) and "Leima" (ꯂꯩꯃ). In Meitei, "Nganu" (ꯉꯥꯅꯨ) means duck. [7] The word "Leima" (ꯂꯩꯃ) is further made up of two component words, "Lei" (ꯂꯩ) and "Ma" (ꯃ). "Lei" (ꯂꯩ) means land or earth. "Ma" (ꯃ) means "mother". Literally, "Leima" (ꯂꯩꯃ) can be translated as "Land Mother" or "Mother Earth". But in general context, "Leima" (ꯂꯩꯃ) means a queen or a mistress or a lady. [8]


Nganu Leima is described as the mistress of all the ducks and waterfowl of the world. At any moment, she could summon all the ducks and waterfowl at any place she wishes. She is one of the daughters of the sky god Salailen (alias Soraren). [9] [5] [10]

See also


  1. ^ Eben Mayogee Leipareng. (in Manipuri). 1995. p. 107.
  2. ^ Folk Culture of Manipur - Page 7 - Moirangthem Kirti Singh · 1993
  3. ^ Tal Taret. (in Manipuri). 2006. p. 39.
  4. ^ Tal Taret. (in Manipuri). 2006. p. 43.
  5. ^ a b Manipuri Phungawari. (in Manipuri). 2014. p. 202.
  6. ^ Regunathan, Sudhamahi (2005). Folk Tales of the North-East. Children's Book Trust. ISBN  978-81-7011-967-8.
  7. ^ "Learners' Manipuri-English dictionary.Nganu". 2006.
  8. ^ "Learners' Manipuri-English dictionary.Leima". 2006.
  9. ^ Tal Taret. (in Manipuri). 2006. p. 46.
  10. ^ Manipuri Phungawari. (in Manipuri). 2014. p. 203.


  • Glimpses of Manipuri Culture - Dr. Yumlembam Gopi Devi
  • The History of Manipur: An early period - Wahengbam Ibohal Singh · 1986

External links