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Temporal range: Miocene - Recent
19–recent  Ma
New Zealand lesser short-tailed bat, (Mystacina tuberculata)
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Chiroptera
Family: Mystacinidae
Genus: Mystacina
Gray in Dieffenbach, 1843
Type species
Mystacina tuberculata
Gray, 1843

Mystacina is the sole surviving genus of the family Mystacinidae. The New Zealand lesser short-tailed bat is the only member of this group confirmed to survive today, since the closely related New Zealand greater short-tailed bat possibly went extinct as recently as 1965. [1] A third species, Mystacina miocenalis, is known from the Middle Miocene some 19-16 million years ago. [2] [3]


  1. ^ Blackburn (1965). "Muttonbird islands diary". Notornis. 12 (4): 191–207.
  2. ^ Hand, S.J. (2015). "Miocene Fossils Reveal Ancient Roots for New Zealand's Endemic Mystacina (Chiroptera) and Its Rainforest Habitat". PLOS ONE. 10 (6): e0128871. Bibcode: 2015PLoSO..1028871H. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0128871. PMC  4470663. PMID  26083758.
  3. ^ Thompson, Helen. "16 Million Years Ago This Giant Bat Walked the Jungles of New Zealand". Smithsonian.