Mikea Forest Information (Geography)

From Wikipedia
Mikea Forest [1]
French: Forêt des Mikea
Mikea Forest, Madagascar - map 01.svg
Location Atsimo-Andrefana, Madagascar
  – maximum
3,706 km2 (1,431 sq mi)
4,252 km2 (1,642 sq mi) in 1962
Visitation5000–8000 per year 1993
Disturbance slash and burn
charcoal production
Dominant tree species Didierea madagascariensis
Indicator plants Didiereaceae

The Mikea Forest (or Forêt des Mikea) is a forested region of southwestern Madagascar, between Manombo and Morombe. [2] More specifically, it stretches from Route Nationale 9 to the west coast and from Mangoky south to the Manombo River. [3] It lies at the transition between dry deciduous forest, which is more common further north in Madagascar, and spiny forest, which is dominant in southwestern Madagascar. [2] Its underlying geology is unconsolidated sand, [4] and the region contains several freshwater lakes. [5] The Forêt des Mikea is one of the largest remaining continuous forest blocks in western and southern Madagascar, but it is not protected and it is threatened by human development. [6]

This transitional terrain is one of the least protected of Madagascar's habitats. [4] This soil composition has resulted in a collection of plant and animal species, even distinct from adjacent vegetation on limestone. [7] Small terrestrial mammals found here include the rodents Macrotarsomys bastardi, Macrotarsomys petteri, and the introduced black rat (Rattus rattus); the tenrecs Tenrec ecaudatus, Setifer setosus, Echinops telfairi, Geogale aurita, and Microgale jenkinsae; and the shrew Suncus madagascariensis. [8] Macrotarsomys petteri and Microgale jenkinsae are unique to the forest and were only discovered in the 2000s. [6] The popular ring-tailed lemur (Lemur catta) also occurs in Mikea Forest, though it seems to always have been present in very low densities. Since the habitat has started to disappear, the remaining populations appear to have become isolated. [9]

As of 2000, of the 27  threatened species of bird in Madagascar, only two ( Monias benschi and Uratelornis chimaera) were not found in protected areas, but both were fairly common within the unprotected forests of Mikea. [10] Monias benschi had an estimated population of 115,000, while the Uratelornis chimaera population was estimated at fewer than 15,000. [11] A survey published in 2005 reported that 59 species of reptile were identified near the eastern shore of Lake Ranobe in the southern Mikea Forest, five of which were vulnerable. [12] Some of these species include Matoatoa brevipes, Oplurus fierinensis, Furcifer antimena, Furcifer belalandaensis, Phelsuma standingi, and Pyxis arachnoides. The flora includes the baobabs Adansonia za and A. rubrostipa. [5]

Between the 1960s and the 2000s, forest cover had declined by 16% and deforestation was accelerating, having doubled in the last five years of that time period. The factors behind the deforestation at that time were slash and burn agriculture for maize cultivation in the northern regions of the forest and charcoal production in the southern regions. As of 2000, recommendations had been made to establish a large protected area, to provide aid to improve agriculture, and to establish a network of community-based conservation areas. [11] In 2001, Madagascar National Parks, known then as ANGAP, was considering a new national park in the area. [13] By 2008, a national park encompassing 184,630 hectares (712.9 sq mi) in two parcels had been submitted to the Supreme Council for Nature Protection (a state entity that deals with natural resource management) and was in the process of being finalized. [14]

See also


  1. ^ Seddon, Butchart & Tabias 2000
  2. ^ a b Goodman & Soarimalala 2005, pp. 451–452
  3. ^ Nicoll 2005, p. 1436
  4. ^ a b Du Puy & Moat 2003, pp. 66–67
  5. ^ a b Fenn 2005, p. 1526
  6. ^ a b Goodman & Soarimalala 2005, p. 462
  7. ^ Du Puy & Moat 2003, p. 57
  8. ^ Goodman & Soarimalala 2005, p. 459
  9. ^ Gould 2006, p. 258
  10. ^ Hawkins & Goodman 2003, p. 1043
  11. ^ a b Hawkins & Seddon 2003, p. 1098
  12. ^ D'Cruze & Sable 2005, pp. 6–7
  13. ^ Nicoll 2005, p. 1437
  14. ^ Blanc-Pamard 2009, p. 9

Literature cited

Journals & reports
  • Blanc-Pamard, C. (2009). "The Mikea Forest Under Threat (southwest Madagascar): How public policy leads to conflicting territories" (PDF). Field Actions Science Report. Institut Veolia Environnement. 3: 1–12. ( HTML)
  • D'Cruze, N.C.; Sable, J.A. (2005). "The Reptiles of Southern Mikea Forest, Madagascar" (PDF). Herpetological Bulletin (3): 2–8. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-08-23.
  • Goodman, S. M.; Soarimalala, V. (2005). "A new species of Macrotarsomys (Rodentia: Muridae: Nesomyinae) from southwestern Madagascar". Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington. 118 (2): 450–464. doi: 10.2988/0006-324X(2005)118[450:ANSOMR]2.0.CO;2. S2CID  86070739.
  • Seddon, N.; Butchart, S.; Tobias, J.; Yount, J. W.; Remi Ramanampamonjy, J.; Randrianizahana, H. (2000). "Conservation issues and priorities in the Mikea Forest of south-west Madagascar". Oryx. 34 (4): 287–304. doi: 10.1046/j.1365-3008.2000.00134.x.
  • Goodman, S.M.; Benstead, J.P., eds. (2003). The Natural History of Madagascar. University of Chicago Press. ISBN  0-226-30306-3.
  • Du Puy, D.J.; Moat, J. (2003). "Using Geological Substrate to Identify and Map Primary Vegetation Types in Madagascar and the Implications for Planning Biodiversity Conservation". pp. 51–74. {{ cite book}}: Missing or empty |title= ( help)
  • Hawkins, A.F.A.; Goodman, S.M. (2003). "Introduction to the Birds". pp. 1019–1044. {{ cite book}}: Missing or empty |title= ( help)
  • Hawkins, A.F.A.; Seddon, N. (2003). "Mesitornithidae, Mesites". pp. 1095–1098. {{ cite book}}: Missing or empty |title= ( help)
  • Nicoll, M.E. (2003). "Forests outside Protected Areas". pp. 1432–1437. {{ cite book}}: Missing or empty |title= ( help)
  • Fenn, M.D. (2003). "The Spiny Forest Ecoregion". pp. 1525–1530. {{ cite book}}: Missing or empty |title= ( help)
  • Gould, L. (2006). "Chapter 12: Lemur catta Ecology: What We Know and What We Need to Know". pp. 255–274. {{ cite book}}: Missing or empty |title= ( help)

MIKEA FOREST Latitude and Longitude:

22°36′S 43°24′E / 22.6°S 43.4°E / -22.6; 43.4