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McGraw-Hill Education
The branded McGraw-Hill logo as of 2020
Founded1888; 135 years ago (1888)
Country of originUnited States
Headquarters location New York City
Key peopleSimon Allen
Publication types Adaptive learning technology, educational software, e-books, apps, platform services, curriculum, and books
RevenueIncrease $1.72 billion (2017)
Owner(s) Platinum Equity
No. of employees3,900 (2020) [1]
Official website

McGraw-Hill is an American publishing company for educational content, software, and services for pre-K through postgraduate education. It is one of the "big three" educational publishers along with Houghton Mifflin Harcourt and Pearson Education. [2] [3] McGraw-Hill also publishes reference and trade publications for Medical, business, and engineering. Formerly a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies (later renamed McGraw-Hill Financial, now S&P Global, McGraw-Hill Education was divested and acquired by Apollo Global Management in March 2013 for $2.4 billion. [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] McGraw-Hill was sold in 2021 to Platinum Equity for $4.5 billion. [9]

Corporate History

McGraw-Hill logo used from the mid-1960s to the late 1990s

McGraw-Hill was founded in 1888 when James H. McGraw, co-founder of the company, purchased the American Journal of Railway Appliances. He continued to add further publications, eventually establishing The McGraw Publishing Company in 1899. His co-founder, John A. Hill, had also produced several technical and trade publications and in 1902 formed his own business, The Hill Publishing Company. [10] In 1909, the two co-founders formed an alliance and combined the book departments of their publishing companies into an incorporated company called The McGraw-Hill Book Company. [10] John Hill served as president, with James McGraw as vice-president. The remaining parts of each business were merged into The McGraw-Hill Publishing Company, Inc in 1917. [11] In 1946, McGraw-Hill founded an international division of the company. [10] It acquired Contemporary Films in 1972 and CRM in 1975. McGraw-Hill combined its films in the CRM division in 1978. McGraw-Hill sold CRM in 1987. [12] In 1979, McGraw-Hill Publishing Company purchased Byte from its owner/publisher Virginia Williamson, who then became a vice-president of McGraw-Hill. In 1986, McGraw-Hill bought out competitor The Economy Company, then the nation's largest publisher of educational material. The buyout made McGraw-Hill the largest educational publisher in the U.S. [13] In 1988, Harold McGraw became chairman emeritus of the company. [10] In 1989, McGraw-Hill formed a joint partnership with Robert Maxwell, forming second largest textbook publisher in the United States. [14] McGraw-Hill took full ownership of the venture in 1993. In 2004, The McGraw-Hill Companies sold its children's publishing unit to School Specialty. [15] In 2007, The McGraw-Hill Companies launched an online student study network, This offering gave McGraw-Hill an opportunity to connect directly with its end users, the students. The site closed on April 29, 2012. In 2008, McGraw-Hill acquired Reveal Math. [16] On October 3, 2011, Scripps announced it was purchasing all seven television stations owned by The McGraw-Hill Companies' broadcasting division McGraw-Hill Broadcasting for $212 million; the sale is a result of McGraw-Hill's decision to exit the broadcasting industry to focus on its other core properties, including its publishing unit. [17] This deal was approved by the FTC on October 31 [18] and the FCC on November 29. [19] The deal was completed on December 30, 2011. [20] On November 26, 2012, The McGraw-Hill Companies announced it was selling its entire education division to Apollo Global Management for $2.5 billion. [21] On March 22, 2013, McGraw-Hill Education announced it had completed the sale and the proceeds were for $2.4 billion in cash. [22] In 2012, McGraw-Hill acquired Redbird Learning [23] and in 2013, McGraw-Hill acquired ALEKS. [24] In 2014, McGraw Hill Education India partnered with GreyCampus to promote Online Learning Courses among University Grants Commission- National eligibility Test Aspirants. [25] On June 30, 2015, McGraw-Hill Education announced that Data Recognition Corporation (DRC) had agreed to acquire "key assets" of the CTB/McGraw-Hill assessment business. [26] In 2016, McGraw-Hill acquired Everyday Mathematics. In 2017, McGraw-Hill acquired My Math. On May 11, 2017, McGraw-Hill Education announced the sale of the business holdings of McGraw-Hill Ryerson Ryerson Press to Canadian educational publisher Nelson. [27] In 2018, McGraw-Hill launches textbook rental program, adding to affordable options available for college students. on May 1, 2019, McGraw-Hill Education announced an agreement to merge with Cengage. The merged company was expected to retain McGraw-Hill as the corporate name. [28] [29] The merger was called off on 1 May 2020. [30] In 2019, McGraw-Hill acquired Core-Plus Mathematics Project. In 2020, McGraw-Hill became a distributor for Illustrative Mathematics. McGraw-Hill was sold in 2021 to Platinum Equity for $4.5 billion. [9]


The McGraw-Hill Companies expanded significantly through acquisition, including financial services and broadcasting. Many acquisitions continued with McGraw-Hill after their acquisition by Apollo Global Management in 2013.

Date of acquisition Company acquired Industry
1920 Newton Falls Paper Company [31] Producer of paper
1928 A.W. Shaw Company [31] Publisher of magazines and textbooks
1950s Gregg Company [31] Publisher of vocational textbooks
1953 Companies of Warren C Platts, including Platts [31] [32] Publisher of petroleum industry information
1954 Blakiston, from Doubleday [33] Publisher of medical textbooks
1961 F.W. Dodge Corporation [34] Publisher of construction industry information
1965 California Test Bureau [31] Developer of educational testing systems
1966 Standard & Poor's [34] Financial Services
Shepard's Citations [35] Legal publisher
1968 National Radio Institute Correspondence School
1970 The Ryerson Press Educational and trade publishing
1972 Television Stations of Time Life Broadcasting [34] Broadcasting
1979 Osborne Books Educational and trade publishing
1986 The Economy Company Educational publishing
1988 Random House Schools and Colleges [36] Educational publishing
1993 Macmillan/McGraw-Hill School Publishing Company including Glencoe, SRA, and former Laidlaw publications [37] [38] Educational publishing
1996 Times Mirror Higher Education including William C Brown, Richard D Irwin, Irwin Professional, Mosby College and Brown & Benchmark [39] Educational publishing
1997 Micropal Group Limited [40] Financial Services
1999 Appleton & Lange from Pearson [41] Publisher of medical information
2000 Tribune Education, including NTC/Contemporary, Everyday Learning/Creative, Instructional Fair, Landoll, The Wright Group. American Education Publishing, Meeks Heit & Peter Bedrick Books [42] Publisher of supplementary educational materials
Mayfield Publishing Company [43] Publisher of humanities and social science textbooks
2002 Open University Press University press - academic publications
2005 J.D. Power & Associates [44] Marketing information provider
2013 Key Curriculum [45] Math technology firm
ALEKS [46] Adaptive learning firm
2014 Area9 Aps [47] Adaptive learning firm
Engrade [48] Learning management system
2016 Redbird Advanced Learning, formerly Education Program for Gifted Youth [49] Adaptive learning firm
2021 Kidaptive [50] Adaptive learning firm
Triad Interactive [51] Educational software firm
Achieve3000 [52] Educational software firm


  • John A. Hill (1909-1917)
  • James H. McGraw (1917–1928)
  • Johnathan Heflin (1928–1948)
  • James McGraw Jr. (1948–1950)
  • Curtis W. McGraw (1950–1953)
  • Donald C. McGraw (1953–1968)
  • Shelton Fisher (1968–1974)
  • Harold McGraw Jr. (1974–1983)
  • Joseph Dionne (1983–1998)
  • Harold W. McGraw III (1998–2013)
  • Buzz Waterhouse (2013–2014)
  • David Levin (2014–2017)
  • Buzz Waterhouse (2017–2018)
  • Dr. Nana Banerjee (2018–2019)
  • Simon Allen (2019-)


In 1980, McGraw-Hill paid the African American writer and civil rights activist James Baldwin a $200,000 advance for his unfinished book Remember This House, a memoir of his personal recollections of civil rights leaders Medgar Evers, Malcolm X and Martin Luther King Jr. [53] Following his death, McGraw-Hill sued his estate to recover the advance they had paid him for the unfinished book. The lawsuit was dropped by the company in 1990, citing a desire not to cause distress to Baldwin's family. [53] In October 2015, McGraw-Hill Education was accused of whitewashing history after it published a caption in a geography textbook referring to American slaves as "workers". [54] The company issued an apology, updated the digital version of the materials, and offered schools replacement texts at no charge. [55] It has been linked to broader controversies about texts at the Texas Education Agency. [56]


McGraw-Hill has been accused of using online access codes included with texts to prevent students from reselling used books. [57] During the COVID-19 pandemic, when many students were studying remotely, McGraw-Hill was accused of price gouging, in charging several times more for ebooks than for print texts. [58]

See also


  1. ^ "Annual Report" (PDF). McGraw–Hill.
  2. ^ Davis, Michelle R. "'Big Three' Publishers Rethink K-12 Strategies". Education Week. Retrieved March 25, 2014.
  3. ^ Noonoo, Stephen. "How 'Big Three' Publishers Are Approaching iPad Textbooks". Times Higher Education Journal. Retrieved March 25, 2014.
  4. ^ "McGraw-Hill Financial 2013 Annual Report" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on May 31, 2016.
  5. ^ Henry, David. "McGraw-Hill sells textbook unit to private equity". Reuters. Retrieved March 25, 2014.
  6. ^ "McGraw-Hill completes sale of education division". Businessweek. March 22, 2013. Archived from the original on May 18, 2013. Retrieved March 25, 2014.
  7. ^ "McGraw-Hill Sells Education Unit To Apollo: Bellwether For Educational Publishing?". Forbes. November 28, 2012. Retrieved March 25, 2014.
  8. ^ Robinson, Matt (March 22, 2013). "McGraw-Hill Closes $2.4 Billion Education Unit Sale to Apollo". Bloomberg. Retrieved March 25, 2014.
  9. ^ a b "Platinum Equity Strikes Deal to Buy McGraw Hill From Apollo". The Wall Street Journal. June 15, 2021. Retrieved September 15, 2021.
  10. ^ a b c d[ bare URL]
  11. ^ "About Us: Corporate History: The Foundation". Archived from the original on May 5, 2007. Retrieved May 26, 2007.
  12. ^ Alexander, Geoff (2010). Academic Films for the Classroom: A History. Jefferson: McFarland & Co. pp. 109–110. ISBN  9780786458707. OCLC  601049093. Retrieved March 14, 2019.
  13. ^ Tipton, David (July 3, 1986). "McGraw Hill Buying The Economy Company". The Journal Record.
  14. ^ Fabrikant, Geraldine (May 18, 1989). "McGraw-Hill and Maxwell Form Venture". The New York Times. ISSN  0362-4331. Retrieved September 10, 2021.
  15. ^ "School Specialty Buys McGraw-Hill Titles". Chief Marketer. November 30, 2001. Retrieved November 21, 2018.
  16. ^ "McGraw-Hill Education Reimagines Math and Science Instruction with Two New Curricula, Reveal Math and Inspire Science".
  17. ^ McGraw-Hill Sells TV Group To Scripps, TVNewsCheck, October 3, 2011.
  18. ^ "FTC OK With Scripps/McGraw-Hill". Retrieved July 18, 2018.
  19. ^ "Scripps Purchase Of McGraw-Hill TVs OK'd". TV News Check. November 29, 2011. Archived from the original on February 5, 2013. Retrieved October 17, 2020.
  20. ^ "Scripps completes McGraw-Hill Stations Buy". TVNewsCheck. NewsCheck Media. December 30, 2011. Archived from the original on September 13, 2012. Retrieved December 31, 2011.
  21. ^ "McGraw-Hill to Sell Education Unit to Apollo for $2.5 Billion", New York Times, November 26, 2012.
  22. ^ "The McGraw-Hill Companies completes sale of McGraw-Hill Education to Apollo" (Press release). McGraw Hill Companies. March 22, 2013. Retrieved February 22, 2017.
  23. ^ "McGraw-Hill Acquires Redbird Advanced Learning, A Digital Personalized Learning Provider for K".
  24. ^ "McGraw-Hill Agrees to Acquire ALEKS Corporation, Developer of Adaptive Learning Technology for K-12 and Higher Education".
  25. ^ "McGraw Hill-GreyCampus Partnership". The Times of India.
  26. ^ "Data Recognition Corporation (DRC) Announces Agreement To Acquire Key Assets of the CTB Assessment Business of McGraw-Hill Education".
  27. ^ "NELSON Acquires McGraw-Hill Ryerson's K-12 Business Becoming the Largest Canadian-Operated Publisher".
  28. ^ "Cengage and McGraw-Hill merge | Inside Higher Ed". Retrieved June 18, 2019.
  29. ^ "McGraw-Hill, Cengage Agree to Merge". Publishers Weekly. Retrieved July 8, 2019.
  30. ^ "McGraw-Hill, Cengage Jointly Agree to Terminate Planned Merger". May 4, 2020 – via
  31. ^ a b c d e "About Us: Corporate History: Development". Archived from the original on August 7, 2007. Retrieved May 26, 2007.
  32. ^ "Platts History". Archived from the original on May 2, 2007. Retrieved May 26, 2007.
  33. ^ "Blakiston Books Sold; McGraw-Hill Acquires Medical Subsidiary of Doubleday". The New York Times. October 18, 1954. ISSN  0362-4331. Retrieved November 10, 2019.
  34. ^ a b c "About Us: Corporate History: Expansion". Archived from the original on March 29, 2010. Retrieved May 26, 2007.
  35. ^ "The McGraw-Hill Companies Timeline". Retrieved August 23, 2014.
  36. ^ Edwin McDowell (September 29, 1988). "McGraw-Hill Is Buying 2 Random House Units". The New York Times.
  37. ^ "Company news: McGraw Hill to buy stake in Schoolbook Publisher". The New York Times. August 27, 1993. Retrieved March 24, 2018.
  38. ^ Storch, Charles. "47% of Staff at Laidlaw get the ax". Retrieved March 6, 2021.
  39. ^ Iver Peterson (July 4, 1996). "Times Mirror in Two Deals To Bolster Legal Publisher". The New York Times. Retrieved September 1, 2009.
  40. ^ "The McGraw-Hill Companies to Acquire Micropal". Retrieved May 26, 2007.
  41. ^ "The McGraw-Hill Companies Completes Acquisition of Appleton & Lange". Archived from the original on January 3, 2013. Retrieved May 26, 2007.
  42. ^ "The McGraw-Hill Companies To Acquire Tribune Education; Acquisition Strengthens McGraw-Hill Education's Leadership Position". Archived from the original on July 17, 2012. Retrieved May 26, 2007.
  43. ^ "McGraw-Hill to Acquire Mayfield Publishing Company". Publishing Executive. Retrieved November 11, 2019.
  44. ^ "The McGraw-Hill Companies Completes Acquisition of J.D. Power and Associates". Archived from the original on January 3, 2013. Retrieved May 26, 2007.
  45. ^ "McGraw-Hill Acquires Math Technology Company Key Curriculum". Retrieved June 18, 2014.
  46. ^ "McGraw-Hill Education Agrees to Buy Adaptive Learning Technology Firm". Retrieved June 18, 2014.
  47. ^ "McGraw-Hill Acquires Adaptive Learning Company". Retrieved June 18, 2014.
  48. ^ "McGraw-Hill Buys Engrade For ~$50M As It Moves Away From Textbooks, Towards A Future Of SaaS". February 10, 2014. Retrieved June 18, 2014.
  49. ^ "McGraw-Hill Education Acquires Redbird Advanced Learning, A Digital Personalized Learning Provider for K-12". Retrieved September 30, 2016.
  50. ^ "McGraw Hill Acquires Kidaptive, an Adaptive and Personalized Learning Company" (Press release). New York: McGraw Hill. PR Newswire. March 16, 2021. Retrieved September 15, 2021.
  51. ^ "McGraw Hill Acquires Triad Interactive, Developer of SIMnet, an Online Training Platform for Microsoft Office" (Press release). New York: McGraw Hill. PR Newswire. May 4, 2021. Retrieved September 15, 2021.
  52. ^ Bradley, Brian (August 30, 2021). "McGraw Hill to Acquire Achieve3000, in Major Pairing of Classroom Product Providers". EdWeek Market Brief. Retrieved September 15, 2021.
  53. ^ a b "McGraw-Hill Drops Baldwin Suit". The New York Times, May 19, 1990.
  54. ^ Basu, Tanya (October 4, 2015). "Textbook Company to Update Description of Slaves as 'Workers' After Criticism". Time. Retrieved October 5, 2015.
  55. ^ Hauser, Christine (October 5, 2015). "Publisher Promises Revisions After Textbook Refers to African Slaves as 'Workers'". The New York Times. Retrieved October 5, 2015.
  56. ^ Mcafee, Melonyce (October 4, 2015). "McGraw-Hill to rewrite textbook after mom's complaint". CNN. Retrieved October 5, 2015. Texas has been a battleground in the fight over changes to textbooks that some say concede too much ground to conservative viewpoints on subjects such as climate change, religious liberty and slavery.
  57. ^ Schermele, Zach (March 4, 2020). "Why Are Textbooks So Expensive?". Teen Vogue. Retrieved June 19, 2023.
  58. ^ Fazackerley, Anna (January 29, 2021). "'Price gouging from Covid': student ebooks costing up to 500% more than in print". The Guardian. Retrieved June 19, 2023.

Further reading

  • Burlingame, Roger (1959). Endless Frontiers: The Story of McGraw-Hill. New York: McGraw-Hill.

External links