List of European countries by area Information

From Wikipedia
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_European_countries_by_area

The countries of Europe can be ordered by their geographical area. As a continent, Europe's total geographical area is about 10.18 million square kilometres. [1] Transcontinental countries are ranked according to the size of their European part only. The 14 countries marked with an asterisk (*) are transcontinental. Only sovereign states are considered.

Inland water is included in area numbers.

Table

European states by area

  Russia* (39.7%)
  Ukraine (6.0%)
  France* (5.5%)
  Spain* (5.0%)
  Sweden (4.5%)
  Norway* (3.9%)
  Germany (3.6%)
  Finland (3.4%)
  Poland (3.1%)
  Italy* (3.0%)
  United Kingdom* (2.4%)
  Romania (2.4%)
  Other (17.5%)
Rank State Area Notes
(km2) (sq mi)
1   Russia* 3,968,200 1,532,100 17,071,242 km2 (6,591,243 sq mi) when including territory in Asia ( Siberia). [2]
2   Ukraine 603,628 233,062 [3] Including Crimea and Donbas.
3   France* 551,695 213,011 672,051 km2 (259,480 sq mi) (n°2)[ clarification needed] when including overseas regions and territories.
4   Spain* 498,511 192,476 505,990 km2 (195,360 sq mi) when including the Canary Islands, Ceuta and Melilla. [4]
5   Sweden 450,295 173,860
6   Norway* 385,178 148,718 Including Svalbard and Jan Mayen. [5] If they are excluded, continental Norway is 323,779 km2 (125,012 sq mi) in area.
7   Germany 357,386 137,988 [6]
8   Finland 338,145 130,559
9   Poland 312,685 120,728
10   Italy* 301,318 116,340 301,338 km2 (116,347 sq mi) when including African islands of Lampedusa and Lampione.
11   United Kingdom* 242,495 93,628 Not including British Overseas Territories or Crown Dependencies. (228,365 square kilometres (88,172 sq mi) if Northern Ireland is excluded.)
12   Romania 238,397 92,046
13   Belarus 207,600 80,200
14   Kazakhstan* 148,000 57,000 Territory west of the Ural River is counted as within Europe; 2,724,902 km2 (1,052,091 sq mi) when including Asian territory.
15   Greece* 131,940 50,940 Including island land territory. 110,496 km2 (42,663 sq mi) is mainland territory and 21,461 km2 (8,286 sq mi) is island territory.
16   Bulgaria 110,994 42,855
17   Iceland 102,775 39,682
18   Hungary 93,030 35,920
19   Portugal* 88,416 34,138 91,568 km2 (35,355 sq mi) when including the Azorean Islands and the Madeiran Archipelago.
20   Serbia 88,361 34,116 Including Kosovo.
21   Austria 83,858 32,378
22   Czechia 78,866 30,450
23   Ireland 70,273 27,133 84,421 km2 (32,595 sq mi) when including Northern Ireland.
24   Lithuania 65,300 25,200
25   Latvia 64,589 24,938 [7]
26   Croatia 56,594 21,851
27   Bosnia and Herzegovina 51,129 19,741
28   Slovakia 49,036 18,933
29   Estonia 45,339 17,505
30   Denmark* 44,493 17,179 Including the Faroe Islands. 2,210,579 km2 (853,509 sq mi) when including Greenland. Continental Denmark is 43,094 km2 (16,639 sq mi) in area.
31   Switzerland 41,290 15,940
32   Netherlands* 41,198 15,907 Excluding Caribbean Netherlands, Aruba, Curaçao and Sint Maarten. 42,531 km2 (16,421 sq mi) when combined into the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
33   Moldova 33,846 13,068
34   Belgium 30,510 11,780
35   Albania 28,748 11,100
36   North Macedonia 25,713 9,928
37   Turkey* 23,764 9,175 783,562 km2 (302,535 sq mi) when including Asian territory.
38   Slovenia 20,273 7,827
39   Montenegro 13,812 5,333
40   Kosovo 10,887 4,203 Disputed territory, claimed by Serbia.
41   Azerbaijan* 6,960 2,690 86,600 km2 (33,400 sq mi) when including Asian territory.
42   Georgia* 2,642 1,020 69,700 km2 (26,900 sq mi) when including Asian territory.
43   Luxembourg 2,586 998
44   Andorra 468 181
45   Malta 316 122
46   Liechtenstein 160 62
47   San Marino 61 24
48   Monaco 2 0.77
49   Vatican City 0.49 0.19
50   Cyprus 0 0 A Mediterranean island south of Turkey ( island of Cyprus, total area of 9,251 km2 (3,572 sq mi) divided between the Greek and Turkish Cypriot parts). Cyprus is not geographically part of Europe, but it is considered European owing to its political, cultural and historical ties with Europe.
51   Armenia 0 0 29,743 km2 (11,484 sq mi) when including Asian territory. Armenia is geographically part of Asia, but it is considered European owing to its political, cultural and historical ties with Europe.
Total 9,725,367 3,754,985

Definition

Europe and Asia are contiguous with each other; thus, the exact boundary between them is not clearly defined, and often follows historical, political, and cultural definitions, rather than geographical.

Map of Europe, showing one of the most commonly used continental boundaries [a]

Legend:
Blue = Contiguous transcontinental countries
Green = Sometimes considered European but geographically outside Europe's boundaries

Range

The area of European countries varies widely, over several orders of magnitude:

A bar graph with logarithmic scale, showing the sizes in three categories:
  • Magenta = Russian Federation
  • Green = Countries with European area bigger than 10,000 km2
  • Red = Countries with European area smaller than 10,000 km2

See also

Notes

  1. ^ The map shows one of the most commonly accepted delineations of the geographical boundaries of Europe, as used by National Geographic and Encyclopædia Britannica. Whether countries are considered in Europe or Asia can vary in sources, for example in the classification of the CIA World Factbook or that of the BBC. Certain countries in Europe, such as France, have territories lying geographically outside Europe, but which are nevertheless considered integral parts of that country.

References

  1. ^ "Map and Details of all 7 Continents". WorldAtlas. Retrieved 4 May 2019.
  2. ^ "The World Factbook - Central Asia - Russia". CIA World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 3 May 2019.
  3. ^ "Ukraine". United Nations in Ukraine. Retrieved 14 February 2020.
  4. ^ "Entorno físico y medio ambiente" (PDF). Instituto Nacional de Estadística. p. 10. Retrieved 4 August 2019.
  5. ^ "Updated land cover figures". ssb.no. Retrieved 21 November 2015.
  6. ^ "Fläche und Bevölkerung". www.statistikportal.de (in German).
  7. ^ "Latvia country profile". BBC News. 29 March 2019. Retrieved 28 October 2019 – via www.bbc.com.