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λ Ursae Minoris
A light curve for Lambda Ursae Minoris, plotted from Hipparcos data [1]
Observation data
Epoch J2000.0       Equinox J2000.0
Constellation Ursa Minor
Right ascension 17h 16m 56.4107s [2]
Declination +89° 02′ 15.734″ [2]
Apparent magnitude (V) +6.38 [3]
Spectral type M3+ IIIa [4]
U−B color index +1.79 [5]
B−V color index +1.57 [5]
Variable type SRb [6]
Radial velocity (Rv)+0.19 [2] km/s
Proper motion (μ) RA: −23.989 [2]  mas/ yr
Dec.: 3.463 [2]  mas/ yr
Parallax (π)3.7084 ± 0.1329  mas [2]
Distance880 ± 30  ly
(270 ± 10  pc)
Absolute magnitude (MV)−0.85 [7]
Radius64 [2]  R
Luminosity741 [2]  L
Temperature3,772 [2]  K
Other designations
HR 7394, HD 183030, BD+88°112, FK5 914, HIP 84535, SAO 3020
Database references

Lambda Ursae Minoris (λ UMi, λ Ursae Minoris) is a star in the constellation Ursa Minor. It is an M-type red giant with an apparent magnitude of +6.38 and is approximately 880 light years from Earth.

Lambda Ursae Minoris is an asymptotic giant branch (AGB) star, a star that has exhausted its core hydrogen and helium and is now fusing material in shells outside its core. [8] AGB stars are often unstable and tend to pulsate, and Lambda Ursae Minoris is classified as a semiregular variable star and its brightness varies by about 0.1 magnitudes. [6] Its variability was discovered from Hipparcos astrometry and it was entered into the General Catalogue of Variable Stars in 1999. [9]

This star was used from 1882 as a reference to measure the magnitudes of stars in the northern hemisphere for the 1908 Revised Harvard Photometry catalogue. Sigma Octantis was used for the southern hemisphere. It was then noted that "Neither of these stars appears to vary perceptibly" but that, due to the procedures used "if they did, the variation would have no effect on the final measures." [10]


  1. ^ "/ftp/cats/more/HIP/cdroms/cats". Centre de Données astronomiques de Strasbourg. Strasbourg astronomical Data Center. Retrieved 15 October 2022.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i Brown, A. G. A.; et al. (Gaia collaboration) (August 2018). "Gaia Data Release 2: Summary of the contents and survey properties". Astronomy & Astrophysics. 616. A1. arXiv: 1804.09365. Bibcode: 2018A&A...616A...1G. doi: 10.1051/0004-6361/201833051. Gaia DR2 record for this source at VizieR.
  3. ^ Ducati, J. R. (2002). "VizieR On-line Data Catalog: Catalogue of Stellar Photometry in Johnson's 11-color system". VizieR On-line Data Catalog. Bibcode: 2002yCat.2237....0D.
  4. ^ Yamashita, Y. (1967). "MK Spectral Types of Bright M-Type Stars". Publications of the Dominion Astrophysical Observatory Victoria. 13: 47. Bibcode: 1967PDAO...13...47Y.
  5. ^ a b Hoffleit, Dorrit; Jaschek, Carlos (1991). The Bright star catalogue. Bibcode:
  6. ^ a b Samus, N. N.; Durlevich, O. V.; et al. (2009). "VizieR Online Data Catalog: General Catalogue of Variable Stars (Samus+ 2007-2013)". VizieR On-line Data Catalog: B/GCVS. Originally Published in: 2009yCat....102025S. 1: B/GCVS. Bibcode: 2009yCat....102025S.
  7. ^ Anderson, E.; Francis, Ch. (2012). "XHIP: An extended hipparcos compilation". Astronomy Letters. 38 (5): 331. arXiv: 1108.4971. Bibcode: 2012AstL...38..331A. doi: 10.1134/S1063773712050015. S2CID  119257644.
  8. ^ Eggen, Olin J. (1992). "Asymptotic Giant Branch Stars Near the Sun". The Astronomical Journal. 104: 275. Bibcode: 1992AJ....104..275E. doi: 10.1086/116239.
  9. ^ Kazarovets, E. V.; Samus, N. N.; Durlevich, O. V.; Frolov, M. S.; Antipin, S. V.; Kireeva, N. N.; Pastukhova, E. N. (1999). "The 74th Special Name-list of Variable Stars". Information Bulletin on Variable Stars. 4659: 1. Bibcode: 1999IBVS.4659....1K.
  10. ^ Pickering, Edward Charles (1908). "Revised Harvard Photometry". Annals of the Astronomical Observatory of Harvard College. 50: 2. Bibcode: 1908AnHar..50....1P.

External links