Kazimierz Zarankiewicz Information (Person)

From Wikipedia
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kazimierz_Zarankiewicz
Kazimierz Zarankiewicz
ZarankiewiczKazimierz Moscow1935.tif
Zarankiewicz in Moscow 1935
Born(1902-05-02)2 May 1902
Died5 September 1959(1959-09-05) (aged 57)
NationalityPolish
Alma materUniversity of Warsaw
Known for Zarankiewicz problem
Zarankiewicz crossing number conjecture
Scientific career
Fields Topology
Graph Theory
Institutions University of Warsaw

Kazimierz Zarankiewicz (2 May 1902 – 5 September 1959) was a Polish mathematician and Professor at the Warsaw University of Technology who was interested primarily in topology and graph theory.

Biography

Grave of Kazimierz Zarankiewicz in Powązki Cemetery, Warsaw

Zarankiewicz was born in Częstochowa. He studied at the University of Warsaw, together with Zygmunt Janiszewski, Stefan Mazurkiewicz, Wacław Sierpiński, Kazimierz Kuratowski, and Stanisław Saks.

During World War II, Zarankiewicz took part in illegal teaching, forbidden by the German authorities, and eventually was sent to a concentration camp. He survived and became a teacher at Warsaw University of Technology.

He visited universities in Tomsk, Harvard, London, and Vienna. He served as president of the Warsaw section of the Polish Mathematical Society and the International Astronautical Federation.

He died in London, England.

Research contributions

Zarankiewicz wrote works on cut-points in connected spaces, on conformal mappings, on complex functions and number theory, and triangular numbers.

The Zarankiewicz problem is named after Zarankiewicz. This problem asks, for a given size of (0,1)-matrix, how many matrix entries must be set equal to 1 in order to guarantee that the matrix contains at least one a × b submatrix is made up only of 1's. An equivalent formulation in extremal graph theory asks for the maximum number of edges in a bipartite graph with no complete bipartite subgraph Ka,b.

The Zarankiewicz crossing number conjecture in the mathematical field of graph theory is also named after Zarankiewicz. The conjecture states that the crossing number of a complete bipartite graph equals

Zarankiewicz proved that this formula is an upper bound for the actual crossing number. The problem of determining the number was suggested by Paul Turán and became known as Turán's brick factory problem.

See also

External links

  • O'Connor, John J.; Robertson, Edmund F., "Kazimierz Zarankiewicz", MacTutor History of Mathematics archive, University of St Andrews