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Iskut volcanic field
Iskut volcanic field is located in British Columbia
Iskut volcanic field
Iskut volcanic field
Location of the Iskut volcanic field
Highest point
Peak Cinder Mountain
Elevation1,914 m (6,280 ft)
Coordinates 56°33′53″N 130°37′35″W / 56.56472°N 130.62639°W / 56.56472; -130.62639
ISKUT VOLCANIC FIELD Latitude and Longitude:

56°33′53″N 130°37′35″W / 56.56472°N 130.62639°W / 56.56472; -130.62639
Geography
CountriesCanada and United States
Provinces/States British Columbia and Alaska
District Cassiar Land District
Parent range Boundary Ranges
Topo map NTS  104B7 Unuk River
NTS 104B10 Snippaker Creek
NTS 104B14 Hoodoo Mountain
Geology
Age of rock Pleistocene-to- Holocene
Mountain type Volcanic field
Volcanic region Northern Cordilleran Province
Last eruption1904 (uncertain) [1]

The Iskut volcanic field is a group of volcanoes and lava flows on and adjacent to the AlaskaBritish Columbia border in the Boundary Ranges of the Coast Mountains. All the volcanoes in this volcanic field are situated in British Columbia along the Iskut and Unuk rivers and their tributaries, with lava flows having reached Alaska. The oldest volcanoes in the Iskut volcanic field are Little Bear Mountain and Hoodoo Mountain, which are 146,000 and 85,000 years old, respectively. Younger volcanic centres include Second Canyon, King Creek, Tom MacKay Creek, Snippaker Creek, Iskut Canyon, Cone Glacier, Cinder Mountain and Lava Fork, all of which formed in the last 70,000 years. All of the volcanoes are mafic in composition except for Hoodoo Mountain which consists of peralkaline rocks. [2] The latest volcanic eruption took place from the Lava Fork volcano in 1800, although an uncertain 1904 eruption is also attributed to this volcano. [1]

The name Iskut-Unuk River Cones is a nearly synonymous term for this volcanic field but it omits Hoodoo Mountain and Little Bear Mountain, the oldest volcanoes comprising the Iskut volcanic field. [2] [3] The name for this area in the Tlingit language is Séxkhulé, referring to the time of Aan Galakhú (the World Flood) when people took refuge here from the rising flood waters.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Iskut-Unuk River Cones: Eruptive History". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. Archived from the original on 2021-04-03. Retrieved 2021-10-06.
  2. ^ a b Smellie, John L.; Edwards, Benjamin R. (2016). Glaciovolcanism on Earth and Mars: Products, Processes and Palaeoenvironmental Significance. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press. pp. 45, 46. doi: 10.1017/CBO9781139764384. ISBN  1-107-03739-5.
  3. ^ Wood, Charles A.; Kienle, Jürgen (2001). Volcanoes of North America: United States and Canada. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press. pp. 128, 129. ISBN  0-521-43811-X.

External links